“He who careth not from whence he came, careth little whither he goeth.” Daniel Webster


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[Note: Here appear two photographs, beneath which are the following captions:]

Born 1805
Born 1808
Died 1884
Died 1883

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THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, published by The Sparks Family Association.

Paul E. Sparks, President, 155 North Hite Avenue, Louisville, Kentucky (40206)
William P. Johnson, Historian-Genealogist, Box 1770, Raleigh, North Carolina (27602)
Russell E. Bidlack, Secretary-Treasurer & Editor, 1709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan (48104)

The Sparks Family Association was founded in March, 1953, as a nonprofit organi- zation devoted to the assembling and preserving of genealogical and historical materials pertaining to the Sparks family in America.  Membership in the Asso- ciation is open to all persons connected with the Sparks family, whether by blood, marriage, or adoption, and to persons interested in genealogical research. Membership falls into three classes: Active, Contributing, and Sustaining.  Active membership dues are three dollars per year;  Contributing membership dues are four dollars per year; and Sustaining membership dues are any amount over four dollars which the member wishes to contribute for the support of the Association. All members receive THE SPARKS QUARTERLY as it is published in March, June, September, and December.  Back issues are kept in print and are available for 75 cents per issue. The first issue of the QUARTERLY was published in March, 1953. Four indexes have been published for the years 1953 -1957, 1958 -1962, 1963 -1967 and 1968 -72.  Each is available for $1.00. A complete file of all issues of the QUARTERLY (1953 -1974) with the four indexes may be purchased for $54.00. (These 21 years of the QUARTERLY comprise 1710 pages.)
The editor of the QUARTERLY from March 1953 to September 1954 was Dr. Paul E. Sparks; since September 1954 the editor has been Dr. Russell E. Bidlack, 1709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan (48104). Back issues and applications for membership are available from Dr. Bidlack. The QUARTERLY is printed by off-set at the Edwards Letter Shop, 711 North University Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan.


In the March 1973 issue of the QUARTERLY (Vol. XXI, No. 1, Whole No. 81) pp. 1541-1545, we published an article on Richard Sparks (1805-1884) and his wife, Lucy (De Vore) Sparks (1808-1883). Mrs. Lillian Blair of Mackinaw, Illinois, who furnished much of the data for that article, has since succeeded in obtaining photographs of Richard and Lucy (De Vore) Sparks from which we were able to obtain prints for reproduction on the cover of this issue of the QUARTERLY. We do not know when these photographs were taken, but it was probably not many years before they died.

Richard Sparks was born on August 5, 1805, in Salem County, New Jersey. He was the third child of Thomas and Abigail (Shaw) Sparks. He came with his parents to Greene County, Ohio, as a small child. Richard Sparks was married to Lucy De Vore on March 13, 1828; she had been reared by the Shakers in a colony in Ohio, her mother having died when she was three years old, but she ran away from the colony to marry. She was born on May 17, 1808.

Richard and Lucy (De Vore) Sparks moved to Illinois in October 1854. They settled on a farm about four miles south-east of Mackinaw in Tazewell County. Richard Sparks died on April 13, 1884; Lucy (De Vore) Sparks died on May 5, 1883.



In the QUARTERLY of September 1967 (Vol. XV, No. 3, Whole No. 59) we devoted several pages to a record of the family of Reuben Sparks (ca.1755-1840) and his wife, Cassa (or Cassie) (Buttery) Sparks (ca.1765 -1842). Reuben Sparks was a son of Solomon and Sarah Sparks who moved from Frederick County, Maryland, to Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1753. Reuben was born after the family moved to North Carolina; he
lived and died in the area of Wilkes and Surry Counties. Reuben and Cassa (Buttery)
Sparks had eight children, one of whom was Lydia, born about 1804. She married
Henry Bauguess. One of their descendants, Tim Peterman of 11315 Applewood Dr., Kansas City, Mo. (64134), has supplied us with new information regarding some of Lydia (Sparks) Bauguess' descendants.

Lydia Sparks and Henry Bauguess were married in the early 1820's. A son, Bryant Bauguess, was born in Wilkes County, North Carolina, on March 29, 1823. A daughter, Fanny Bauguess, was born in 1830. There were probably other children as well.
When the 1850 census was taken, Bryant Bauguess was living in Jefferson Township, Owen County, Indiana. His mother, Lydia (Sparks) Bauguess, was living with him along with his sister, Fanny, and Eli P. Bauguess; the latter was probably a brother. Soon after 1850, Fanny Bauguess moved to Crawford County, Illinois, where, on January 6, 1853, she was married to Alexander Maleom Eagleton, a son of James Eagleton. A month later, on February 17, 1853, James M. Eagleton, brother of Alexander, married Nancy A. Bauguess. She was doubtless a close relative, perhaps sister, of Fanny. Between 1853 and 1868, Alexander and Fanny (Bauguess) Eagleton moved to Arcadia, Crawford County, Kansas. In 1869, they moved to Rich Hill, Bates County, Missouri, where they operated the Eagleton Hotel. He died about 1900; Fanny died in 1925s at the age of 95. They had four children:

1. Lydia Margaret Eagleton, born Jan. 22, 1868, died 1949; she married Josef Peterman (died 1953) a Swiss immigrant, son of Jakob Peterman. They had eleven children.

2. John Eagleton married Jane ----- and moved to Colorado. They had five children.

3. Mable Eagleton married Bert De Bord and had three children.

4. Fannie Eagleton married (lst) - - - - - Mickey; she married (2d) - - - - - Gee. She had four children.


Diane L. Subers, 78 Ballston Ave., Ballston Spa, New York (12020) is seeking information on the family, including the parentage, of her great-great-grandparents, Emanuel and Sallie (Wyatt) Sparks. They were residents of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the mid-1800's and lived on Queen Street, between Front and Delaware Streets. Emanuel and Sallie (Wyatt) Sparks were the parents of the following children:

1. Rachel Sparks, married James Grogan.
2. Amanda Sparks, born 1859, died 1947, married Francis J. Krauss.
3. Annie Sparks, married Zachariah Anderson.
4. Mary Sparks, married Gilbert Anderson.
5. William Sparks, married Anna Wonderly.
6. Virginia Sparks, married George B. Hutchens.
7. Boy, twin of Virginia, died as an infant.


We regret to report that Ernest LeRoy Sparks of San Augustine, Texas, died on February 19, 1975. A lifelong resident of San Augustine, he was born on March 28, 1922, and was Vice-President of the Home Life Insurance of Texas, founded by his father, Ernest Richard Sparks, whose obituary appeared in the September 1956 issue of the QUARTERLY (Vol. IV, No. 3, Whole No. 15, pp. 151-52). The only son of Ernest LeRoy Sparks, Stephen R. Sparks, has now joined the Association, our first known example of a third generation of Association members.

Ernest LeRoy Sparks is survived by his wife, Agnes; his son, Stephen R.; one grandson; his mother, Audra Eva (Ford) Sparks; four sisters, Marie Lawrence, Frances Maxwell, Betty Jean Cartwright, and Claudine Selden; and two brothers, Beeman Sparks and Hugh Sparks.

Ernest LeRoy Sparks was a grandson of Samuel Lawrence and Frances E. (Freeland) Sparks who moved from Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, to Texas in 1896. His greatgrandparents were Lawrence Ivan and Elizabeth (Prince) Sparks. Known as "Ivey" Sparks, Lawrence Ivan Sparks was born in Georgia but by 1840 was living with his parents, Lloyd and Rebecca Sparks, in Union County, South Carolina. The father of Lawrence Ivan Sparks, Lloyd Sparks, was born about 1796. Both Lloyd Sparks and his wife, Rebecca, were born in South Carolina, but moved to Georgia after their marriage. It was in Georgia that their children were born. By 1840, however, they had returned to Union County, South Carolina. We have not succeeded in tracing the parentage of Lloyd Sparks.

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BENJAMIN P. SPARKS (1798-1882)

For a number of years we have been attempting to identify the parents of Benjamin P. Sparks who was born in Pennsylvania on June 27, 1798, and died on July 29, 1882. He was buried near his home in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery at Raymilton, Pennsylvania, near the county line separating Venango and Mercer Counties.

A granddaughter of Benjamin P. Sparks, Rose Sparks McKean of Sayre, Pennsylvania, who is now 80 years old, remembers her father (Trafford William Sparks) telling only a few things about his father, Benjamin P. Sparks. One of these bits of information was that Benjamin's father died either a short time before or shortly after he, Benjamin, was born. She believes that there was an older brother, or uncle, named Richard Sparks and a sister named Addie. She also remembers a story that Benjamin was bitter toward his family because he had not received a proper share of his father's property. When Benjamin was old enough, as the story goes, he left home never to return. He told his children little more than that he was a native of Pennsylvania. He was a traveling tailor and worked in Virginia as well as Pennsylvania.

Another descendant of Benjamin P. Sparks, Calvin C. Sparks, has provided valuable information regarding this branch of the Sparks family.

When the 1830 census of Mercer County, Pennsylvania, was taken, Benjamin P. Sparks was listed as living by himself in French Creek Township.

We believe Benjamin Sparks was married to Phoebia (or Phebe) J. Corey about 1839. According to The Cory Family by Harry Harmon Cory (Minneapolis, The Argus Publishing Company, 194.7, page 93, Phoebia J. Corey was born April 4, 1821; she was a daughter of Benijah Cory and Deborah Talford Williams, who were married on February 20, 1799.


BENJAMIN P. SPARKS (1798-1882), continued:

Benijah Cory was born October 4, 1778, and died on March 4, 1870; Deborah, his wife, was born on September 10, 1780, and died on August 25, 1872. Two of their sons changed the spelling of their name from Cory to Corey "for good luck" and apparently Phoebia spelled the name as Corey also.

When the 1840 census was taken, Benjamin P. Sparks was living in French Creek Township, Venango County. By 1850, he and his family had moved to Mahoning Township, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, where he was listed on the census of that year as a Laborer, born in Pennsylvania.

From a record that Phoebia (or Phebe) J. (Corey) Sparks made in 1884 to support her claim to a Civil War pension based on the service of her son, we know the dates of birth of the children of Benjamin P. and Phoebia (Corey) Sparks. They were as follows:

1. Permelia Sparks, born June 22, 1840. She married Samuel C. Niece. They were listed on the 1880 census as living in Sandy Lake Borough, Mercer County, Pennsylvania; he was described as a wagon maker, aged 40. Permelia was called "Amelia" on this census. Their children, as named on the 1880 census, were named Nettie, William, Maud, Fred, Jennie, and Nellie. According to Calvin C. Sparks's records, Permelia died in 1898 or 1899 at Sandy Lake.

2. Euphemia Sparks, born June 22, 1840 (twin of Permelia). She married Abram Hart. When the 1880 census of Mercer County, Pennsylvania, was taken, they were living in Worth Township; he was a farmer, aged 40. Their children, as named on the 1880 census, were James A., William T., Benjamin E., Jennie May, Howard B., and Lewis H.

3. John Pierce Sparks, born October 22, 1842. He died as a Union soldier in the Civil War on July 3, 1864. (See below.)

4. Trafford William Sparks, born June 24, 1844. (See below.)

5. James H. Sparks, born September 24, 1846, died November 25, 1850.

6. Moses Corey Sparks, born November 23, 1848. Mrs. McKean reports that he moved to Round Up, Montana, in 1903 or 1904 and was still living there in 1926. She believes that he had no children. According to Calvin C. Sparks, relatives have reported that he settled at one time in Elgin, Kane County, Illinois, and that he was a watch maker.

7. Lewis B. Sparks, born February 17, 1851. Mrs. McKean reports that he was murdered in April 1903 in Sistersville, West Virginia, and that his murderer was sentenced to prison. He married Nellie - - - - - - Mrs. McKean believes there were no children.

8. William P. Sparks, born August 15, 1853; died May 28, 1854.

9. Pereilla (or Priscilla) J. Sparks, born August 3, 1855; died November 3, 1856.
10. Elizabeth M. Sparks, born November 2, 1857. She married Frank A. Rathburn. Mrs. McKean reports that they lived in Sheffield, Pennsylvania, and had daughters named Mable and Beulah. She died about 1933.

11. Charles B. Sparks, born July 26, 1860. Mrs. McKean reports that he married Alice Lockwood and moved about 1904 to Lawler, Minnesota to work as a telegraph operator. They had eleven children.

12. Ellen N. Sparks, born May 23, 1862; she married Logan Mark. Mrs. McKean reports that his nickname was "Dan" and she believed his name was Mook. They lived at Erie, Pennsylvania.


BENJAMIN P. SPARKS (1798-1882), continued:

We have this complete list of the names and dates of birth of the children of Benjamin P. and Phoebia J. (Corey) Sparks as a result of the fact that on June 25, 1880, Phoebia applied for a pension on the basis of her son, John Pierce Sparks, having died in service during the Civil War. In her application (filed at the National Archives as Certificate Number 212,647), she stated that her son, John P. Sparks, had enlisted in the Union Army on February 27, 1864, at Meadeville, Pennsylvania, in Company G and was later transferred to Company H of the 100th Regiment of Pennsylvania Infantry Volunteers. She stated that he had died at Petersburg, Virginia, while in the service of the United States "from erysepelos contracted in the army and lived only a few days after the attack."

He died on July 4, 1864.  She stated that her son left neither wife nor children and that she had been "almost entirely dependent upon said son for support," because "her husband, the aforesaid Benjamin Sparks, aged 81 years and nine months, is and has been since the date of her son's death, unable to support her by reasons of old age and sciatica and general debility." She gave her residence as Raymilton, Mineral Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania. She stated that prior to his death, her son John had supported the family, but that after his death she had supported herself and family through "her own industry"- - that "she kept a boarding house, worked on the farm, helped to make hay, worked in the garden, raised turkeys, chickens, and other poultry to sell, made butter for sale, raised and sold calves and sheep, and her children all helped her when they were at home."

In support of her application for a pension, a number of people made affidavits in an attempt to assist her. On November 22, 1884, her son-in-law, Samuel C. Niece, wrote that he had known Benjamin and Phoebia (he called her Phebe) Sparks since 1862, adding: "In 1864 the son told me he was about to buy 40 acres of land in Mineral Twp. for a house for his parents, he afterwards bought the same lands and his parents built a small house on it since their son's death. Benjamin Sparks died July 29, 1882. He was always a weak and decrepid man and unable to work, except for light chores."

Another son-in-law, Abram Hart, made an affidavit on May 24, 1884, stating that he had lived near the family for the last 20 years. "I knew the son John Sparks. He worked out for the neighbors and helped support his parents, he was a hard working boy and kind to his parents. I was in same company with him; he told me that he had sent part of his bounty home to his parents. Benjamin P. Sparks was very feeble. The 40 acres of land on which they lived was left to the mother of the son, John P. Sparks; he paid, I think $250 for the land; it is a poor farm, stony and only about 12 acres cleared. John P. Sparks was a strong able bodied man prior to enlistment. He died unmarried and without children."

Phoebia (or Phebe) Sparks's application was finally approved in March 1885 and she was granted a pension of $8.00 per month retroactive to 1864. This was later increased to $12.00 per month and continued to be paid until her death on July 1, 1902.

As part of her attempt to obtain a pension by proving that her son, John P. Sparks, had been her chief means of support prior to his death in the Army, Phoebia Sparks sent along the last letter that she had received from him. It has, of course, been preserved in her pension file at the National Archives. It reads as follows:


BENJAMIN P. SPARKS (1798-1882), continued:

                                                                            Camp Near Annapolis Maryland. April 3d., 1864.
Dear father and mother:

I take the present opertunity of addressing to you a few lines to let you know that I am well at present and I hope that this bit of lead as it is all that I can get to write with will find you all in good helth it began to rain the day before yesterday and rained all day yesterday and has this morning let in for a wet day but still it is not muddy the soil is sandy and the rain runs in the ground    whe have good tents but no stoves in them    they are a little damp    we are now in Maryland and I expect that we will stay here for some time    I have written several letters and have received no letters from you    I want you to write and tell me where Will is    I heard that he was a going to enlist and I wouldnt have him come here for a good deal    he had better stay there where he can rove over the entry and be his own man    wages will be very high and he can make more there than he can here    I want you to write and tell me how you all are    I am sorry that I cant be with you but my affections is    whe must not forget that providence has a protecting hand my prayer is that we may once again meet    We all oght to live so that if we doant on earth that we will met where parting is no more    where the sorrows of the world is all forgotten    when I left Greenvild we went down to Books and I stayed there over night and started to Newcastle the morning it being Wednesday    I soon got to Newcastle    I found out where William Sankey lived but I hadent time to go and see them    I got in the cars at 1 oclock and found Myself in Pitts at 4 oclock    I had to hurry over to the Connelsville railroad depot    I just got there in time to jump in the cars as the whistle blew for them to start    an hour after and I was in camp Copland    I found that the regiment had left for Annapolis Maryland I saw an officer of the 100 refit and he sent me on to the regment the next day    I started at 3 oclock    I rode all night in the cars and found myself in harrisburgh at 9 oclock a Saturday    I got my breakfast at the soldiers rest    I liked harresburgh very well    we stayed there till 1 oclock and then we march across two large rivers to another depot where we took the cars for baltimore and got there at daylight Saboth    stayed there till we got our grub and then we started for the regt.    I stayed all night at the [several words illegible] ... running trains for camps and was soon there where I have been ever since enjoying myself as best I could

John P. Sparks C Co., H 100 regt. Annapolis Maryland.
C Co. G. 100 refit., Pvt. Annapolis Md.
forward to regiment.
According to Calvin C. Sparks, Trafford William Sparks, brother of John P. Sparks, was often called William Trafford Sparks after their brother, William P. Sparks, died in 1854. Without doubt, the "Will" to whom John P. Sparks referred in the above letter was his brother, Trafford William Sparks. Trafford William Sparks was born on June 24, 1844, at Edinburg, Pennsylvania, and died on August 15, 1924, at Eagle Rock, Pennsylvania. He was married twice. He married (first) Mary E. Henderson who died on February 8, 1870. They had two children who remained with their maternal grandmother after their mother's death. These two children of Trafford William and Mary E. (Henderson) Sparks were:


BENJAMIN P. SPARKS-(1798-1882), continued:

Children of Trafford William and Mary E. (Henderson) Sparks:
(1) Frances Sparks, born 1862.
(2) William Alver Sparks, born August 31, 1869, at Rouseville, Penna. He married Florence Snider in 1893.
Trafford William Sparks married (second) Miranda Luella Crooks on Jan. 20, 1876. She died in May 1933. They were the parents of the following children:
(3) Amberetta May Sparks, born Sept. 16, 1877 (or 1878); she died March 25, 1841.
(4) Elmer A. Sparks, born June 24 (or 25), 1879; he died in Pithole, Penna.
(5) James Storey Sparks, born May 4, 1882; he died at Eagle Rock, Penna.
(6) Louis E. Sparks, born April 4, 1884; he died July 29, 1913, at Eagle Rock, Penna.
(7) Harry B. Sparks, born April 16, 1886.
(8) Emmett J. Sparks, born March 15, 1888 (or 1889).
(9) Carl H. Sparks, born Sept. 16, 1891; he died at Titusville, Penna.
(10) Rose Cornelia Sparks, born April 24, 1895.
In attempting to identify the parents of Benjamin P. Sparks, we have been confused by the listing of him and his family on the 1880 census of Mineral Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania. He was listed as a farmer, 80 years old, born in Pennsylvania. One of the questions asked for the 1880 census was the place of birth (but not the names) of each individual's parents. According to this record, the mother and father of Benjamin P. Sparks were both born in Ireland. It is this editor's belief, however, that this information was recorded by the census taker in 1880 by mistake. Some member of the family, rather than Benjamin Sparks himself, probably supplied the information to the census taker. It is also possible, of course, that if the tradition is correct that Benjamin avoided talking about his family, he could have said that his parents came from Ireland deliberately to mislead people.

There are a number of clues that point to Benjamin P. Sparks being a son of the Benjamin Sparks who died in 1801 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. In his will, dated July 26, 1801, Benjamin Sparks of Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, mentioned "my third son Benjamin Sparks." We do not know the date of this son's birth, but we believe that he was very young when his father died. He may
have reached his majority in 1817 when the property was divided. He was then (1817) a resident of Allegheny County, but we have no later record of him.

As was noted in the article on Col. Richard Sparks in the September 1974 issue of the QUARTERLY, the Benjamin Sparks who died in 1801 and Col. Richard Sparks were brothers and had land dealings in Allegheny County. There were family difficulties involving this land in which Col. Richard Sparks's son-in-law played a role. Mrs. McKean recalls her father saying that his father (Benjamin P. Sparks) had spoken of "the hard feelings concerning Richard Sparks." Mrs. McKean also remembers her father talking about the Wall family; Col. Richard Sparks's son-in-law was Garret Wall.

Should anyone reading this article have further information regarding this branch of the Sparks family, please write to the editor, Russell E. Bidlack, 1709 Cherokee Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan (48104).



In the June 1961 issue of the QUARTERLY (Vol. IX, No. 2, Whole No. 34, pp. 556-566), we published an article entitled "Matthew Sparks (died 1793) of North Carolina & Georgia, a Biographical Sketch." In that article, we sketched the interesting life of Matthew Sparks who was born about 1720 in Maryland, moved about 1760 to Rowan County, North Carolina, and, following the American Revolution, moved to that part of Franklin County, Georgia, that is now Clarke County. There he was killed by the Creek Indians in November, 1793. His wife's name was Sarah Thompson.

Descendants of Matthew Sparks will be interested to know that his name is perpetuated as the Matthew Sparks Chapter of the National Society, Daughters of the American Colonists. On February 4, 1973, Helen Inza (Rogers) McKee (Mrs. Francis A.), a great-great-great- great-great-granddaughter of Matthew and Sarah (Thompson) Sparks, as Organizing Regent, founded the Matthew Sparks Chapter, the first NSDAC chapter to be founded in the Pomona Valley of California.

Any American woman of good moral character, who has attained her eighteenth year,
is eligible to membership in this Society, provided she is acceptable to the Society, and is a lineal descendant of a man or woman who rendered civil or military service in any of the colonies prior to July 4, 1776. An applicant must furnish proof of her lineal descent from such an ancestor. Mrs. McKee was eligible on the basis of Matthew Sparks having been an original land owner in Rowan County, North Carolina, his having performed jury service at various times between 1761 and 1766, and his having been an overseer of roads in Rowan County in 1773.

A resident of Claremont, California, (772 West 9th Street), Mrs. McKee has stated: "Had it not been for the SPARKS QUARTERLY, and my delightful cousin, Mrs. Mary Neal (Horner) Bryan (a descendant of Matthew's son, Jesse), and members of the Middle Plantation Chapter, NSDAC, Nashville, Tennessee, I would never have known that I was eligible." Three other cousins of Mrs. McKee are charter members of the Matthew Sparks Chapter: Mrs. Edward Coleman of Montclair, California; Mrs. Edward Kilman of Houston, Texas; and Mrs. Kenneth Harlow of Fort Worth, Texas.

Following is Mrs. McKee's line of descent from Matthew Sparks:

Matthew Sparks (ca 1720-1793) married Sarah Thompson (ca 1732, died after 1831)

William Sparks (1761-1848) married Mary (folly) Fielder (ca 1759, died after 1831)

Richard Sparks (1793-1838) married Elizabeth Cooper (1795-1848)

Elizabeth C. Sparks (ca 1818- ca 1853) married Samuel Everitt Rogers (ca 1809-1863)

James Carroll Rogers (1835-19]2) married Nancy Elizabeth Howard (1837-1903)

Thomas Pitts Rogers (1866-1939) married Florence Virginia Womack (1871-1932)

Jesse Everett Rogers (1889-1955) married Katherine Helen Allen (1893-still living)

Helen Inza Rogers (born 1911) married Francis Alvin McKee (born 1908)


A Mrs. Janice Fleming wrote recently to inquire about joining the Association and to ask for information regarding her ancestor, William Sparks (1772-1862), son of Zachariah Sparks. Mrs. Fleming did not include her address and we have been unable to respond to her query. Her letter was postmarked Indianapolis, Indiana. There
are many persons named Fleming in the Indianapolis telephone directory. Can anyone identify this Mrs. Janice Fleming?




(Editor's Note: From time to time in past issues of the QUARTERLY, we have published abstracts of the pension files of Union soldiers who served in the Civil War. A great many Union soldiers and their widows received Federal pensions for their service and the papers comprising their files in the National Archives in Washington contain fascinating records of both historical and genealogical significance. We have an index of all of the pension files for persons named Sparks that was compiled for us a number of years ago by Carrie Grant Heppen. There are 607 Sparks names on this list.

For $2.00 it is possible to obtain from the National Archives xerox copies of selected documents from a Civil War pensioner's file. When such an order is received at the National Archives, a clerk goes through the soldier's file and makes a copy of each document that he or she thinks might have genealogical value to the person who has submitted the order. One can never be sure, of course, whether the clerk has made a wise selection, and one always wonders what valuable records may not have been copied. One can request that everything in the file be copied, but the cost for this can be considerable. Some files contain as many as seventy-five documents.

Following are abstracts made by Dr. Paul E. Sparks of the documents that have been selected for us from nine Civil War pension files. Each of these nine men was a descendant of William Sparks (born about 1760, died about 1834). William Sparks was a member of that branch of the Sparks family that went from Prince Georges County, Maryland, to Pittsylvania County, Virginia, about 1777. About 1800, some members of this family moved to Adair County, Kentucky, and then on westward to Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri. Paul E. Sparks is presently working on a lengthy article on this branch of the family and would welcome correspondence with the descendants of any of the nine Civil War soldiers whose pension files are described in the following pages.)
CHARLES W. SPARKS son of William Walton and Lucinda (Gibson) Sparks, was born about 1814 and died on March 15, 1905. He married (1st) Nancy J. Royse on Oct. 5, 1865; (2d) Sarah A. Davis on Oct. 1, 1877; (3d) Nancy J. Sullivan on Nov. 11, 1880; and (4th) Laura J. Mooneyham on Nov. 14, 1882. His last (5th) marriage was to Mrs. R. M. McCollum on Feb. 3, 1899. He served in Co. L, 13th Regt. Ky. Cavalry Volunteers. File Designation: Inv. Cert. No. 11311,159. Minor Cert. No. 613,510.

Charles W. Sparks applied for a disability pension on July 111, 1886, stating that he had enlisted as a corporal in Co. L, 13th Regt. Ky. Cavalry at Lebanon, Ky., on
Sept. 28, 1863, and had served until he was mustered out with his company on Jan. 10, 1865, at Camp Nelson, Ky. He said that while his unit was stationed at Celina, Tenn., in the spring of 1864, he was attacked by a severe case of measles which affected
his chest and arms to the extent that he was unable to perform his usual amount of manual labor. He said that he was 42 years of age and lived at Sparksville, Adair County, Ky. John H. Wilson, Josiah Sparks, T. S. Wootten, and James A. Traylor attested to his application.

On March 4, 1887, the Adjutant General's Office confirmed Sparks's military service, including his illness, and he was placed on the pension rolls by Invalid Certificate No. 434,159. In 1898, he responded to a questionnaire from the Bureau of Pensions as follows: He had married, first, Nancy Rose, in 1865 with M. Roach performing the ceremony in Adair County, and he had married L. J. Mooneyham in 1881 with S. J. Loveall performing the ceremony. His first wife had died on Aug. 27, 1877, in Green



County, Ky., while his wife, L. J. Mooneyham Sparks, and died on April 22, 1898. He had two children by his first wife, John W. Sparks, born Nov. 3, 1866, and Charley Sparks, born May 1, 1875. By his wife, L. J. Mooneyham Sparks, he had three children, Knall Sparks, born Aug. 27, 1885; Walton Sparks, born Sept. 8, 1891, and Joe K. Sparks, born Feb. 20, 1894.

Charles W. Sparks died on March 15, 1905. Three months later, the Adair County Clerk, T. R. Stults, sent the Bureau of Pensions a copy of the marriage certificate of Charles W. Sparks and Laura J. Mooneyham. They had been married on Nov. 14, 1882, at the home of Daniel Mooneyham by Stephen J. Loveall. Witnesses were Louisa Mooneyham and Susan Mooneyham.

On Nov. 13, 1905, the Clerk of Grayson County, Texas, sent the Bureau of Pensions a copy of the marriage license issued to Charles W. Sparks and Mrs. R. M. McCollum by which they were married on Feb. 3, 1899, by the Grayson County Judge, J. D. Woods.

The last document (in chronological order) in the file supplied by the National Archives is an affidavit by Charles Sparks, son of Charles W. Sparks, dated April 2, 1906. He stated that he was 30 years of age and was making the affidavit for the purpose of obtaining a pension for his wards, Walton Sparks and Joe K. Sparks, both of them sons of Charles W. Sparks, deceased, and both of them under 16 years of age. He said that Charles W. Sparks had died at his home at Weed, Adair County,Ky., on March 15, 1905, of heart disease; that he left no surviving widow, his last wife having been divorced from him on Sept. 24, 1903; and that his only surviving legitimate children under 16 years of age were those named above.

Charles Sparks further stated that Charles W. Sparks had married Nancy Roys on Oct. 10, 1865, and that she died on Aug. 27, 1877 in Green Co., Ky. Charles W. Sparks had married a second time to Sarah A. Davis on Oct. 1, 1877, in Green Co. and they were divorced on Nov. 22, 1879. He married, third, Nancy J. Sullivan in Russell Co., Ky., on Nov. 11, 1880, and she died on Aug. 18, 1882. The fourth marriage of Charles W. Sparks was to Laura J. Mooneyham in Adair County on Nov. 14, 1882, and she died at Whitewright, Texas, on April 22, 1898. The last marriage of Charles W. Sparks was to Mrs. R. M. McCollum on Feb. 3, 1899, and they were divorced on Sept. 25, 1903.

Charles Sparks named Thomas A. Murrell of Columbia, Ky., to prosecute the claim for his wards. He signed the application as "Charlie" Sparks and gave his address as Weed, Ky. E. M. Staples and N. R. Roach attested to the affidavit. Apparently the minor heirs of Charles W. Sparks were awarded a pension, for Minor Certificate No. 613,510 was issued; however, there is nothing in the documents supplied by the National Archives to indicate the date of issuance or the amount.

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GREENUP SPARKS son of Jeremiah and Rachel (Jones) Sparks, was born about 1845 and he died on Sept. 1, 1898. He married Mary Ann England on Dec. 14, 1865, in Adair Co., Ky. He served in Co. A and Co. B of the 1st Regt. Ky. Light Art. File Designation: Inv. Cert. No. 511,725 and Widow Cert. No. 478,915.

The only document obtained from the pension file of Greenup Sparks is a statement of the date of his death. This statement, issued at Louisville, Ky., on Feb. 15, 1899, by Lisin Combs, Pension Agent, shows that Greenup Sparks, Private, Co. B, 1st Regt. Ky. Light Artillery, who was a pensioner under Invalid Certificate No. 511,725, and who was receiving a pension of $12 per month, had been dropped from the pension rolls because of his death on Sept. l, 1898.



Other records show that Greenup Sparks served in the 1st Regiment Kentucky Light Artillery from August 1861 until November 15, 1865. He applied for an invalid pension on May 27, 1889, and was on the pension rolls at the time of his death. His widow, Mary Ann (England) Sparks, applied for a widow's pension which was granted on Oct. 5, 1898.

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JEREMIAH J. SPARKS, son of Truelove and Sarah (Guessford) Sparks, born March 11, 1839, died June 29, 1917. He married (1st) Sarah Rayburn in Jasper Co., Iowa, on Feb. 22, 1866; he married (2d) Mary (Mick) Gosnell in 1915. He served in Co. E, 4th Regt. Iowa Cavalry. File Designation: Inv. Certif. No. 348,235.

On May 22, 1880, Jeremiah J. Sparks, Lynnville, Iowa, made application for an invalid pension for service in the 4th Regt. Iowa Cavalry. He stated that on Oct. 22, 1861, he had enlisted for three years in Co. E under the command of Edward W. Dee and was discharged on Dec. 5, 1864, at Davenport, Iowa. He said he had suffered a rupture while engaged in pursuing General Price's army in the Ozark Mountains after the Battle of Pea Ridge in March 1862. He was hospitalized at Keokuk, Iowa, and Memphis,
Tenn., during the summer of 1863. He stated that he was a farmer; 41 years of age, 5 ft. 11½  in. tall; and had a dark complexion, dark hair, and hazel eyes. John G. Rayburn and Joseph Satchell were identifying witnesses.

Jeremiah J. Sparks received a pension under Invalid Certificate No. 348,235 issued on March 17, 1882. The Adjutant General's Office confirmed his military, service and his hospitalization, but stated that the cause of his hospitalization was not on his service record.

In January 1907, the Bureau of Pensions asked the War Department to furnish a "full military and medical history of Jeremiah J. Sparks, including his personal description."' In the reply, the Military Secretary's Office confirmed the information given earlier and added the following: Sparks was born in Morgan County, Ill.; he had been treated while in the service for diarrhea and general debility; no other record of disability had been found.

In 1909, Jeremiah J. Sparks applied for pension benefits under the Act of Congress of Feb. 6, 1907, and reaffirmed much of the information he had given earlier, but added the following: He was now 70 years old, having been born on March 11, 1839. He had enlisted at Grinnell, Iowa, for three years or for the duration of the war. He had continuously lived at Lynnville, Iowa, until ten years ago when he had moved to New Sharon, Mahaska County, Iowa.

When Jeremiah J. Sparks died at New Sharon, Iowa, on June 29, 1917, he was receiving a pension of $30 per month. His widow, Mary Sparks, made application for a remarried widow's pension on July 12th and gave the following information: She was 73 years of age and was formerly the widow of Hiram Gosnell who had served in the
10th Regt. Iowa Volunteers until his discharge in Sept. 1864. She had married Gosnell on Dec. 6, 1866, under her maiden name of Mary Mick and after his death in 1911, she received a pension under Widow Certificate No. 722,103. When she married J. J. Sparks in 1915, her pension had been terminated, but now that he had died, she
asked to be placed on the pension roll as a remarried widow. David Steen, age 77 years, and John M. Steen, age 67 years, both of New Sharon, testified to her information, and she was again placed on the pension rolls under her former certificate and continued to receive a pension until her death on Feb. 16, 1921.


MATTHEW SPARKS, son of William and Elizabeth (Crawhorn) Sparks, born Jan. 25, 1831, died June 7, 1893. He married (1st) Mary Ann (England) McNeeley on March 26, 1849, in Adair Co., Ky.; he married (2d) Juliet Akin on Jan. 21, 1869, in Adair Co., Ky.; and he married (3rd) Melvina (Loy) McGinnis on Sept. ll, 1892, in Adair Co., ICY. He served in Co. B, 49th Regt. Indiana Infantry. File Designation: Inv. Cert. No. 313,743.

Matthew Sparks enlisted in Co. B, 49th Regt. Indiana Infantry Volunteers on Nov. 3, 1861, at Jeffersonville, Ind., for a term of three years and he was discharged because of chronic laryngitis on Jan. 8, 1863 at Louisville, Ky. According to his discharge certificate, he was 33 years of age; born in Adair Co., Ky.; 5 ft. 7 in. tall; and had a light complexion, light hair, and blue eyes. He was a farmer by occupation. The certificate was signed by the Acting Assistant Surgeon at Hospital No. 7, William W. Goldsmith.

On Dec. 19, 1882, Matthew Sparks applied for an invalid pension, stating that after he returned to Adair County following his discharge he had received medical treatment for twelve years for rheumatism and erysipelas from Dr. Francis McGlasson of Breeding, Ky. The application was attested to by Oscar Laviers, J. F. Montgomery, Rollen Hurt, and George S. Field. The Bureau of Pensions issued Invalid Certificate No. 313,743, but there is no record in the documents furnished by the National Archives of the amount nor the date of issuance. On April 6, 1883, the Adjutant General's Office confirmed the statements of Matthew, but stated that there was no evidence of the alleged disabilities in his military records. The report did state, however, that the regimental hospital records were not on file.

On July 14, 1885, the former commanding officer of the 49th Regt. Indiana Infantry, Col. James Reiggin, age 55, and Stephen W. Gibbs, age 40, formerly a private in Co. B, 49th Regt. Ind. Inf., both of Jeffersonville, Indiana, made affidavits that they were well acquainted with Matthew Sparks as a military comrade, since they had
served in the same company and regiment, and that on March 14, 1862, on a march to Big Creek Gap in Tennessee, Matthew Sparks had been attacked by rheumatism. They further stated that, while they were not physicians and could not confirm the illness as rheumatism, the illness was of such severity that it was the cause of his discharge from the service as unfit for further duty. John E. Cole and M. 0. Craig witnessed the affidavit.

Matthew Sparks died on June 7, 1893, and his widow, Melvina Sparks, age 29, of Fair Play, Adair County, Ky., made application for a widow's pension on Sept. 12, 1893. She said that she was not familiar with her husband's military service, but that when he died, he was receiving a pension of $24 per month. They were married on Sept. 11, 1892, by Russell Harvey, a minister, at the home of Mrs. G. B. McGinnis, Sr. She said that this was the third marriage for Matthew and that both of his former wives had died. She was married to Sparks under the name of Melvina McGinnis since she was the widow of G. B. McGinnis, Jr., who had died in July 1888. She stated further that Matthew Sparks had left two children under sixteen years of age, both born to his second wife. They were Joe N. Sparks, born Feb. 24, 1879, and
Vic Z. Sparks, born Aug. 11, 1882. The application was attested to by Altena McGinnis and Fannie McGinnis. There is nothing in the file to indicate what action was taken upon the application

The last document (in chronological order) among the papers provided by the National Archives from the pension file of Matthew Sparks is an affidavit by Melvina Sparks, his widow, made on June 12, 1894, in which she reaffirmed all of the statements she had made on the earlier application, but added the following: Her maiden name was Melvina Loy and she was now living at Gradyville, Ky. Rollen Hurt and Matthew Taylor testified to the affidavit and stated that they knew Melvina Sparks to be the identical person she represented herself to be. Although there is nothing in the papers furnished to show what action was taken, apparently no pension was issued to her.


MATTHEW T. SPARKS, son of John R. and Elizabeth (Matthews) Sparks, born Nov. 5, 1838; died in Andersonville Prison on July 9, 1864. He married Martha Starr at Lynn Grove Township, Jasper County, Iowa, on Oct. 6, 1857. He served in Co. K, 5th Regt. Iowa Inf. Vol. from July 15, 1861, until his death. File Designation: Wid. Certif. No. 67,072 and Minor Certif. No. 137,983.

The documents from the file of Matthew T. Sparks that were furnished by the National Archives do not contain the application of his widow, Martha (Starr) Sparks, the first reference to her pension being in a letter from the Adjutant General's Office to the Commissioner of Pensions, dated Aug. 4, 1865, in which receipt of Pension Application No. 100,689 is acknowledged. According to this letter, Matthew T. Sparks had enlisted on July 15, 1861, at Burlington, Iowa, in Co. K, 5th Regiment Iowa Infantry Volunteers to serve for three years; he died on July 9, 1864, while a prisoner in Andersonville, Georgia. Apparently the pension was granted, but there is no record of the date of issuance nor of the amount.

The next records among those supplied from the file of Matthew T. Sparks (in chronological order) pertain to the births of his children. On July 30, 1867, Dr. P.M. Johnson, a physician living in Marion County, Iowa, made an affidavit that on Aug. 16, 1858, he had gone to the home of Matthew T. Sparks where Martha Sparks was delivered of a male child, afterwards named John J. Sparks, the legitimate child of the said Matthew T. and Martha Sparks. Dr. J. F. Smith, a physician located at Granville, Mahaska County, Iowa, made a similar affidavit about the birth of Elizabeth J. Sparks, a child of Matthew T. and Martha Sparks, on Dec. 26, 1859. Then on on Nov. 2, 1868, Mary Patterson and Margaret Harris, both living at Postville, Iowa, made affidavits that they were present at the residence of Matthew T. Sparks (who was then in the service of the U.S.) when his wife, Martha, gave birth to a son, Matthew W. P. Sparks, on Nov. 2, 1861.

Next, in chronological order, is a Letter of Guardianship, issued by the Jasper County Circuit Court on April 9, 1869, appointing Jeremiah S. Sparks the guardian of the minor children of Matthew T. Sparks, deceased. The children named were John J. Sparks, Elizabeth J. Sparks, and Matthew W.P. Sparks.

On Nov. 15, 1869, Jeremiah S. Sparks filed a "Guardian's Application for Increase of Pension" in which he stated that he was the guardian of three minor children, named John J. Sparks, Elizabeth J. Sparks, and Matthew W.P. Sparks. He said that the father of the children, Matthew T. Sparks, had served in Co. K, 5th Regt. Iowa Inf. Vol. until his death at the Andersonville Prison on July 9, 1864, of starvation. The mother of the children had remarried, her second husband being Jonathan Bagby on Dec. 8, 1867. The parents of the children were married at Lynn Grove, Iowa, on Oct. 6, 1857, by the Rev. Hickman. The maiden name of the children's mother had been Martha Starr. L.B. Westbrook and S.W. Lindley attested to the application.

Apparently Jeremiah S. Sparks was advised to apply for a different kind of pension for his wards, for a few weeks later he filed a regular application for a pension for minor children. In this application, he submitted basically the same information as that of Nov. 15, 1869. John W. Murphy and L.B. Westbrook attested to the application and stated that they were personally acquainted with Matthew T. Sparks as the father of the children.

The application for a pension for the minor children of Matthew T. Sparks was approved and Certificate No. 137,983 was issued. There is no record in the file supplied by the National Archives to show the date of issuance or the amount.



(Editor's Note: The court-appointed guardian of the minor children of Matthew T. Sparks was undoubtedly his brother, Jeremiah J. Sparks; however, when the guardianship certificate was prepared, his name was written as Jeremiah _S. Sparks and so the error was repeated through the entire pension file.)

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SAMUEL T. SPARKS son of John R. and Elizabeth (Matthews) Sparks, born Aug. 27,1847; died March 18, 1905. He married Sarah C. Butrum in Jasper County, Iowa, on March 19, 1868. He served in Co. B, 48th Regt. Iown Inf. Vol. from May 21, 1864, until Oct. 20, 1864. File Designations: Inv. Certif. No. 882,872 and Wid. Certif. No. 624, 971.

Samuel T. Sparks filed an application for an invalid pension on Aug. 29, 1890, in which he stated that he had been 16 years of age when he enlisted in Co. B, 48th Regt. Iowa Inf. Vol. under the command of Joseph R. Rodgers. He was discharged at Rock Island, Illinois, on Oct. 20, 1864. He was 5 ft. 9 in. tall and had a light complexion, brown hair and dark eyes. While on duty at Rock Island in Sept. 1864, he contracted chronic diarrhea which led to other diseases. As a result of this illness, he was unable to perform the manual labor which he was required to do as a farmer. He made no mention of a family in his application. D. Ryan and Ralph Robinson attested to the application.

The War Department confirmed Samuel T. Sparks's military service and apparently he was granted an invalid pension, although there is nothing among the papers supplied from his file by the National Archives to indicate the date of approval of the amount.

The date of the next record (in chronological order) among the papers supplied from the file of Samuel T. Sparks is dated Aug. 12, 1905, when his wife, Sarah C. Sparks, made application for a widow's pension. She stated that Samuel had died on March 17, 1905; that they had been married in Lynnville, Iowa, on March 19, 1868; that neither of them had been married previously; and that he had left no children under the age of sixteen. Robert Willocks and A.W. Forsythe attested to the application, which was apparently acted upon favorably since she was issued Wid. Certif. No. 833,769. There is nothing in the file provided to show the date of issuance or the amount of the pension.

On Jan. 16, 1907, Sarah C. Sparks asked for a reconsideration of her pension by an affidavit in which she stated that she owned a dwelling house and barn worth about $1150 which were taxed in 1905 for $10 and in 1906 for $12. In addition, her husband had left her 12½ acres of land worth about $280 which was taxed in 1906 for $2.63. She also had $1,000 out on a note at 5 percent interest which produced $50 per year, but that this was all the real income she had. Her husband left her no life insurance. She said that she was wholly dependent on her own efforts for her support and the help of others not legally bound to give her support. She had not remarried after the death of her husband.

Sarah C. Sparks filed an amendment to her request on March 6, 1907, in which she admitted that she had made a mistake in the date of the death of her husband, and that he had died on March 18th rather than on March 17th. T.G. Shumway and P.C. Wells, both of Sully, Iowa, witnessed the affidavit. Sarah Sparks also asked the Jasper County clerk to send a transcript of her marriage to Samuel T. Sparks which showed that her maiden name had been Sarah C. Butrum and that she and Samuel were married on March 19, 1868, by J.B. Warrington, a minister.



When Sarah C. Sparks died on May 22, 1928, she was receiving a pension of $30 per month. She was living at Sully, Iowa.

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STEPHEN J. SPARKS son of Truelove and Sarah (Guessford) Sparks, born Aug. 28, 1833, died July 29, 1918. He married (1st) Martha Loton in March 1858 in Jasper County, Iowa, and (2nd) Rebecca (Guile) Wolf on Dec. 26, 1863, in Jasper County, Iowa. He served in Co. D, 40th Regt. Iowa Inf. Vol. File Designation: Inv. Certif. No. 465,624 and Wid. Certif. No. 865,326.

The first document (in chronological order) among the papers furnished by the National Archives from the pension file of Stephen J. Sparks is his appointment by the Jasper County Court as the guardian of Eliza Wolf, heir of George Wolf, deceased. The appointment was made on April 9, 1866, and on that same day, Stephen Sparks made application for a pension for Eliza under the provisions of the Act of Congress of July 14, 1862, which granted pensions to minor children of deceased soldiers. He stated that George Wolf, father of Eliza, had served as a private in Co. D, 40th Regt. Iowa Infantry Volunteers until his death at Paducah, KY., on March 24, 1863, of typhoid fever. He stated further that George Wolf had married on March 17, 1859; that Eliza E. Wolf was born on May 72, 1862; and that the widow of George Wolf had remarried (himself) Stephen J. Sparks on Dec. 26, 1863. Attesting witnesses were Samuel M. Shill and O.C. Howe. There is nothing in the file to indicate the action taken upon the application.

Apparently Stephen J. Sparks made an application for his own pension in 1884, but there is no copy in the file of selected documents furnished by the National Archives. There is a supporting copy of his discharge from the army on April 20, 1863, because of disability caused by a severe attack of typhoid fever which left him with a general debility and partial derangement and unfit for further military duty. The discharge certificate also stated that he had been born in Morgan Co., Illinois; that he was 5 feet, 9 inches tall; that he had a dark complexion, black eyes and hair; and that he was a farmer by occupation.

Accompanying the discharge certificate was a letter from the Adjutant General's Office, dated March 12, 1885, stating that Stephen J. Sparks had enlisted in Co. D, 40th Regt. Iowa Inf. Vol. on Aug. 22, 1862, at Newton, Iowa, for a three-year term and that he had been hospitalized at Paducah, Ky., during March and April 1863 until his discharge on April 20, 1863. He was granted a pension under Inv. Certif. No. 465,624, but there is nothing in his file to show the date of issuance or the amount.

On July 4, 1898, Stephen responded to a questionnaire from the Bureau of Pensions in which he gave the following information: His wife's maiden name was Rebecca Gile and they were married at Rock Creek, Jasper County, Iowa, in 1864 by Father Quillon. A record of the marriage was on file in the Jasper County courthouse. He had been married previously to Martha Ann Lauton who died in Jasper County in 1861. He had six living children: Amanda, William P., Perry, Sarah, Jasper, and Laura whose ages were 30, 26, 24, 25, 22, and 17 years, respectively.

Stephen J. Sparks filed another application for pension benefits on Aug. 28, 1908, under the provisions of the Act of Congress of Feb. 6, 1907, in which he confirmed much of the information he had furnished earlier. He was now 75 years of age. He had enlisted at Camp Pope, Iowa City, Iowa. He had been born near Jacksonville,
Ill., on Aug. 28, 1833. He was receiving a pension under Inv. Certif. No.465,624.



C.H. Potter and J.C. Trease attested to the application. There is nothing in the documents xeroxed by the National Archives from his file to indicate the action taken upon this application.

On March 11, 1915, Stephen J. Sparks again responded to a questionnaire from the Bureau of Pensions. In addition to information already furnished, he stated that his wife's maiden name was Rebecca Guile; that they were married at the home of S.A. Guile on Dec. 26, 1863, by the Rev. Quilliam; that he had been married previously to Martha Lotten in March 1858; that she had died in Dec. 1861; and that the names and dates of birth of all his children, living or dead, were:

Amanda Sparks, born Jan. 24, 1859
Martha A. Sparks, born Oct. - -, 1861
Sarah M. Sparks, born Dec. 19, 1864
William P. Sparks, born May 20, 1867
Laura M. Sparks, born May 30, 1870
Perry M. Sparks, born May 11, 1873
Clara B. Sparks, born Nov. 15, 1877
Stephen Jasper Sparks, born Oct. 4, 1880
At the time of his death on July 29, 1918, Stephen J. Sparks was receiving a pension of $22.50 per month. Apparently Rebecca (Guile) Sparks made an application for a widow's pension shortly after the death of her husband for in the file of papers supplied by the National Archives is a transcript prepared on Aug. 17, 1918, by the Jasper County clerk of her marriage to Stephen J. Sparks on Dec. 26, 1863. The marriage was performed by James Quillan, minister.

On Nov. 6, 1926, Rebecca Sparks made an application for a remarried widow's pension under the provisions of the Act of Congress of Sept. 8, 1916. She stated that she was 84 years of age; that she had been born in Boone County, Ind., on Aug. 14, 1842; that she had married George D. Wolf on March 17, 1858, under the name of Rebecca Gile with Elder Quillan performing the wedding ceremonty; that, after the death of George D. Wolf in March 1863 while he was in the military service, she had remarried Stephen J. Sparks on Dec. 26, 1863, in Jasper County; and that he had died on July 29, 1918, at Grinnell, Iowa. Attesting witnesses to her application were W.P. Sparks and Mrs. A.N. Hockett, both living at Grinnell, Iowa. Rebecca signed the application by making her mark.

When Rebecca (Guile) Sparks died on August 26, 1927, she was receiving a pension of $50 per month.

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WILLIAM H. SPARKS son of John R. and Elizabeth (Matthews) Sparks, born Oct. 10, 1840, and apparently died in 1864. Served in Co. B, 5th Regt. Iowa Infantry Volunteers.

There is no pension file for William H. Sparks. His military file shows that he enlisted on July 15, 1861, at Burlington, Iowa, as a private in Co. B, 5th Regt. Iowa Infantry Volunteers for a term of three years. He was 21 years of age. All indications are that he died sometime shortly after the latter part of March, 1864.

The service records of William H. Sparks are fairly complete and show that he was present for duty during his term of service with the following exceptions: He was left in the hospital at Boonville, Missouri, on Oct. 14, 1861, probably when his detachment moved from that area. He rejoined his company immediately and was



present for duty until Sept. 19, 1862, when he was hospitalized for a head wound acquired in the Battle of Iuka, Mississippi. Again he rejoined his unit immediately and was present for duty until April 28, 1863, when he was placed on detached service at Millikens Bend, Louisiana. He rejoined his company and was present for duty until Nov. 25, 1863, when he was taken prisoner in the Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee. He was carried on the company roll as "Absent, captured by the enemy at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 25, 1863" until August 1864 when he was "Dropped from return per Par. 4, S.0.4."

A military form, Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records, in the file of William H. Sparks is quite interesting, but it also fails to provide conclusive evidence as to his ultimate fate. It reads as follows:

"Sparks, W.H., Pvt. 5th Regt. Iowa Inf., Co. B. Captured at Missionary Ridge, Tenn., Nov. 25, 1863. Confined at Richmond, Va., Dec. 3, 1863. Sent to Andersonville, Ga., Ar. Americus Feby 15/64. Confined at Andersonville, Ga. No date given. Admitted to Hospital at Andersonville, Ga., Mar. 27/64.
Retd. where he died 186- [sic] of Feb. Int." The form was copied by D.C.J. from information obtained from Records of MIS. Vol. 40, page 283½  and from M.R. Vol. 6, page 36.
We have included the military records of William H. Sparks as a part of the Civil War pension data presentation, primarily because his service fits in with the pension records of his brothers, Matthew T. Sparks and Samuel T. Sparks, which are also published in this issue of the QUARTERLY. William H. Sparks and Matthew T. Sparks served in the same Company of the 5th Regt. and both were taken prisoners on the same day.

We have been unable to confirm the date of death of William H. Sparks. According
to the Portrait & Biographical Records of Jasper, Marshall, and Grundy Counties,
Iowa, published in 1894, he died in 1864, but the month was not known. The Roster & Records of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion, published 1908 -11, states that he was mustered out of service in August 1864., but this same source also committed an error by stating that he was returned from capture on Dec. 25, 1863.

If any of our readers can shed additional light on this genealogical problem, we would greatly appreciate receiving the information.

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WILLIAM W. SPARKS, son of William and Elizabeth (Crawhorn) Sparks, was born about 1844 in Adair County, Ky., and he died after 1893. He served in Co. B, 16th Regt. Indiana Infantry.

William W. Sparks was enrolled as a private in Capt. Redfield's Company B, 16th Regiment Indiana Infantry at Salem, Indiana, on July 24, 1862. He was 18 years of age, 5 feet, 7 inches tall, and he had a light complexion, light hair and blue eyes. He was born in Adair County, Ky., and was a farmer. He was enrolled for a period of three years.

On August 30, 1862, he was taken a prisoner at Richmond, Kentucky, but he rejoined his unit as a paroled prisoner and was present for duty until October 31, 1862. He was carried as "absent without leave" on the company roster during November and December 1862 and during January and February 1863, when his designation was changed to "deserted at Cairo, Illinois , on November 26, 1862."



When the 1890 census was taken, provision was made for a special schedule of all Civil War veterans. When the census was taken of Adair County, Kentucky, William W. Sparks was living at Sparksville. He had no discharge certificate, but stated that he had served in Co. B, 16th Indiana Infantry and suffered from heart disease caused by the measles. In 1893, he apparently made application for the removal of the charge of desertion, but the War Department denied his request. We have no further information about him.

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QUERY - WILLIAM A. SPARKS, born ca. 1807-1808

Marva Tanner Jackson (Mrs. John M.), P.O. Box 1551, Casper, Wyoming (82601) is searching for information regarding her great-great-great-grandfather, William A. Sparks, who, according to census records, was born in Kentucky about 1807-1808. His wife's name was Mary J. Sparks; from census records it would appear that she was born about 1815-1816 in Kentucky. Family records indicate that her maiden name was either Delaney or Dulaney and that she was of Scotch-Irish ancestry. It is possible that she was William A. Sparks's second wife; if she were his first wife, based on the age of the oldest daughter, they must have been married about 1832.

William A. Sparks apparently moved from Kentucky to Missouri either before or soon after his marriage, because, according to census records, all of his children were born in Missouri. When the 1850 census was taken, the family was living in Monroe County, Missouri; they were still in Monroe County when the 1870 census was taken (we have not had the 1880 census searched).

Based on meager family records and the census records of 1850, 1860, and 1870, it appears that the children of William A. and Mary J. (Delaney) Sparks (all born in Missouri) were:

1. Ann C. Sparks, born about 1833. She was listed as their oldest child on the 1850 census, age 17. She was not listed with the family in 1860 so had probably married by that date.

2. John R. Sparks, born about 1834. His age was given as 16 on the 1850 census. He was no longer living with his parents in 1860. Family records indicate that he married Mary Moore.

3. William H. Sparks, born about 1836. His age was given as 14 on the 1850 census; he was no longer living with the family in 1860. He was probably the William Sparks listed on the 1870 census of Monroe County, Missouri, as a druggist, age 33, with wife Martha (age 22, born in Missouri) and two daughters, Bena (2 years) and Leona (1 year). A Sim Sparks (age 26) and wife Ellen were living with him in 1870.

4. Mary F. Sparks, born about 1838. His age was given as 12 on the 1850 census. She was no longer living with the family when the 1860 census was taken.

5. Mildred Sparks (?), born about 1844. Her age was given as 6 on the 1850 census, but she was not listed with the family in 1860. Since Sarah Elizabeth Sparks was born, according to family records, on June 22, 1844, it is possible that the census taker erred in 1850 in giving this daughter's name as Mildred.

6. Sarah Elizabeth Sparks, born June 22, 1844. Her name was not listed on the 1850 census, but appeared as Sarah E. Sparks, age 16, on the 1860 census. Family records reveal her exact birth date and indicate that she was married about 1865 to Robert Andrew Moore (born 1842). She died on June 19, 1926.


Children of William A. Sparks, continued:

7. Zachariah T. Sparks, born about 1847. His name appears as "Jeremiah" on the 1860 census, but as Zachariah on both the 1850 and 1870 census records. He was still living with his parents in 1870 (age 23); like his father, he was a farmer; he was married at this time (1870) to Mary J. -----, born in Indiana about 1852.

8. Thomas S. Sparks was born in February 1850; his age was given as 6 months when the census taker recorded the family on August 26, 1850. He was still living with his parents in 1870. According to family records, he was called T. Spencer Sparks.

9. Theresa L. Sparks, born about 1851.

10. Dulaney (or Dulaney) F. Sparks, born about 1855.

11. Jones (or James) Sparks, born about 1857. He was listed as 3 years old on the 1860 census, but was not listed with the family in 1870.

12. Sterling P. Sparks, born about 1858. He was listed as 12 years old when the 1870 census was taken, but had not been listed on the 1860 census. It is possible that the Jones (or James) Sparks listed as 3 years old in 1860 was confused with Sterling P. Sparks.

A woman named Nancy Barton was listed as living with this family on the census records of 1850, 1860, and 1870. Each of these records gives her place of birth as Kentucky; she was born about 1796 -1800. She was probably a relative of the family. There were Sparks-Barton family connections in the adjoining Kentucky counties of Bourbon and Harrison which may provide a clue for tracing the family of William A. Sparks. In Bourbon County, an Andrew Barton, in a will dated June 16, 1829, left property to the four children of his deceased daughter, Sarah Sparks; he named Sarah's children as James Sparks, Hiram Sparks, William Sparks, and Margaret Sparks, all under 21 in 1829. Unfortunately, the husband of Sarah (Barton) Sparks is not identified in this will, although a Sarah Barton had married a William Sparks on January 15, 1815, in Bourbon County (Book 2, page 56). Was he the same William Sparks who married Eliza Barton in Bourbon County on September 21, 1826? (Book 2, p. 90) Andrew Barton also left property in 1829 to a son named Stephen Barton. There is a record of the marriage of a Stephen Barton to a Nancy Sparks on June 10,
1814 in Bourbon County (Book 2, 56). There is also a record of a Nancy Sparks who married a Stephen Barton in Harrison County, Kentucky, on January 11, 1831 (no. 2463). These two Nancy Sparkses were obviously different people, and one of them could have been the Nancy Barton living with the family of William A. Sparks between 1850 and 1870.

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Mrs. Glenda Clyman, Box 124, Sidney, Iowa (51652) is seeking information about the ancestry of her great-great-grandfather, Sameul E. Sparks, who appears on the 1850 census of Callaway County, Missouri, with his wife, Mary (Walker) Sparks, and their sons, Henrick C. Sparks, age 2, and John T. Sparks, age 1. Samuel E. Sparks was born about 1822 in Virginia and Mary was born about 1830 in Tennessee. They were married in Callaway County, Missouri, on December 31, 1846. Sameul died sometime between 1850 and 1853, probably in Callaway County, and Mary remarried in March 1853. Can anyone help Mrs. Clyman with her genealogical problem?

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