“He who careth not from whence he came, careth little whither he goeth.” Daniel Webster

VOL. XI, NO. 2 JUNE, 1963 

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[Here appears a map, beneath which is the following caption:]

Map showing the land in Washington County, Pennsylvania, on which George Sparks & William Sparks settled in 1773, along with the farms of some of their neighbors at the time of the American Revolution.  The area shown is now the north-east corner of Independance Township and the north-west corner of Hopewell Township.

(View Map)


THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, published by The Sparks Family Association.

      Paul E. Sparks, President, 155 N Hite Ave., Louisville 6, Kentucky.
      William Perry Johnson, Historian-Genealogist, Box 531 Raleigh, North Carolina.
      Russell E. Bidlack, Secretary-Treasurer & Editor, 1709 Cherokee Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan (48104).

The Sparks Family Association was founded in March, 1953, as a non-profit organization devoted to the assembling of and preserving for posterity all genealogical and historical material pertaining to the Sparks family in America.  Membership in the Association is open to all persons connected in any way with the Sparks family, whether by blood, marriage, or adoption, and especially to those interested in genealogical and historical research. Membership falls into three classes: Active, Contributing, and Sustaining. Active membership dues are two dollars per year; Contributing membership dues are three dollars per year; Sustaining membership dues are any amount over three dollars. All members, whether Active, Contributing, or Sustaining, receive THE SPARKS QUARTERLY as it is published in March, June, September, and December. Libraries, genealogical and historical societies, and individuals may subscribe to the QUARTERLY without joining the Association at the rate of two dollars per year. Back issues are kept in print and are available for fifty cents per issue. The first issue of the QUARTERLY was published in March, 1953. The editor from March, 1953, to September, 1954, was Paul E. Sparks; since September, 1954, the editor has been Russell E. Bidlack. The QUARTERLY is printed at the Edwards Letter Shop, .711 N. University, Ann Arbor, Michigan.



by Russell E. Bidlack

(Editor’s Note: The data on which the following sketch is based have been gathered from many sources over a period of several years. A number of Sparks descendants have contributed valuable information. Among the contributors are Mrs. Enos G. Huffer, Miss Gertrude Sparks, Dr. Alan L. Sparks, and Miss Rita M. Pierce.)

According to separate statements made by George Sparks and William Sparks in 1780, they had both settled in what is now Washington County, Pennsylvania, in the year 1773. They had come as pioneers to what was then the West. There is little doubt but that they were natives of Maryland, probably the county of Frederick. A descendant of William Sparks stated many years ago that William Sparks had lived near Fredericksburg, Maryland. There was never a town named Fredericksburg in Maryland, however, and he doubtless intended Fredericktown which is now called simply Frederick and is the county seat of Frederick County. Another descendant of William Sparks stated many years ago that the family had lived near Baltimore before immigrating to Pennsylvania. Baltimore is about 20 miles from Frederick County.

George and William Sparks were probably brothers--at least we can be sure they were closely related. They chose tracts of land which almost adjoined (see cover), although on a modern map George Sparks’s land is located in Hopewell Township in Washington County while William Sparks’s tract is just over the line in Independence Township. Only a few miles separate these tracts from the line separating Washington County, Pennsylvania, from Ohio County, West Virginia.


When George and William Sparks settled in western Pennsylvania in 1773 it was the custom for a newcomer simply to choose a tract of land which he liked and which had not been claimed by anyone else, to deaden a few trees around the edge or at the head of the spring which watered it, and to chop his initials in one or more of the deadened trees. This crude method of registering one’s claim came to be called a “tomahawk right.” A descendant of William Sparks recalled many years ago that there was a family tradition that William Sparks had taken up a “tomahawk right” in Pennsylvania, although this descendant did not know the meaning of the term.

We can only speculate upon the dates of birth of George and William Sparks. We know that George’s eldest son, Salathiel Sparks, was born in 1756 while William’s oldest son, James Sparks, was born in 1759. It seems probable, therefore, that George and William were about the same age and were probably born in the early 1730’s. George’s wife’s name was Mary and she was still living in 1803 when he made his will. Since one of their sons was named William Bostwick Sparks (at a time when middle names were unusual) it is possible that her maiden name was Bostwick. According to descendants, William Sparks married Martha Moore.

The area in which George and William Sparks settled in 1773 was then claimed by both Pennsylvania and Virginia. (William Perry Johnson has prepared a detailed history of this famous controversy for this issue of the QUARTERLY.) Since each commonwealth believed the area to be a part of its domain, each attempted to govern, tax, and protect its own settlers. From later records it is apparent that George and William Sparks, coming as they did from Maryland, considered themselves to be citizens of Virginia, as did the other settlers in their immediate area. The section in which the Sparkses lived was designated by Virginia as comprising a part of West Augusta County, then in 1776 as Ohio County. Pennsylvania, on the other hand, included this section in its county of Cumberland until 1771 when it formed a part of Bedford County; in 1773 Pennsylvania made it a part of Westmoreland County. Finally, in 1781, this area became a part of Washington County, Pennsylvania. Thus, records pertaining to George and William Sparks are found in both Virginia and Pennsylvania.

The most important Virginia record pertaining to George and William Sparks has to do with the final settlement of this controversy between Pennsylvania and Virginia. Virginia agreed in 1780 to give up her claim to western Pennsylvania with the understanding that she could issue certificates to her settlers for their land claims which would be honored by Pennsylvania. About 400 settlers in what is now Washington County applied to Virginia f or certificates. To obtain a certificate, it was necessary for the applicant to state the year in which he made his first settlement in the disputed area. Both George and William Sparks stated that they had settled on their claims in the year 1773. (The official copy of these certificates retained by Virginia is now preserved in the library of the University of West Virginia, a microfilm of which was loaned to the present writer.)

George Sparks received two certificates in 1780--one for the tract originally settled by him, the other for a tract which he had purchased from another settler. The first of these, dated January 29, 1780, was for 400 acres “on the waters of Buffalo and Cross Creek to include his Settlement made in the year 1773.” The other certificate also dated January 29, 1780, ‘was also for 400 acres and was for land which had been settled originally by William Bailey in 1775, but which George Sparks had purchased. This latter tract, which adjoined the first tract, was described as being “on the waters of Cross Creek.” (These references to Buffalo Creek and Cross Creek did not mean that these tracts necessarily adjoined the creeks, but that these were the nearest large streams of water.)


The Virginia certificate issued to William Sparks was dated February 5, 1780, and was for 400 acres “on the waters of Buffaloe to Include his Settlement made in the year 1773.”

A good many years passed before Pennsylvania issued patents for these Virginia certificates, although they were surveyed in 1786. In most instances, the surveys revealed that the tracts were smaller than they had been described originally. George Sparks’s home tract was found to contain 353 acres, while that which he had purchased from William Bailey contained only slightly over 258 acres. It was then a Southern custom, especially in Maryland, for the original owner to give to each tract a name by which it would be known thereafter in land and tax records. George Sparks gave the name “Sparta” to the tract on which he had settled in 1773, while the tract he had acquired from Bailey was called “Elenoroon.” It was not until April, 1798, that George Sparks finally obtained a permanent Pennsylvania title to his land, and then he had to pay a fee of 2 pounds, 18 shillings and 8 pence for “Sparta” and 2 pounds, 3 shillings and 4 pence for “Elenoroon.”

When William Sparks’s tract was surveyed in 1786, it was found to contain slightly over 323 acres. Prior to 1786, however, Thomas Bines had purchased this tract, probably from William’s heirs since it seems probable that William Sparks had died prior to 1786. When Thomas Bines obtained a patent from Pennsylvania for this tract in 1787 it was called “Benington”, probably having been given that name originally by William Sparks.

While Virginia and Pennsylvania were engaged in their conflict over western Pennsylvania, about 2000 inhabitants signed a petition asking that the struggle be settled simply by creating a new state out of the disputed area. This petition, which is preserved among the papers of the Continental Congress, is undated, but was prepared sometime between 1776 and 1780. This list of signers was recently published by Raymond Martin Bell of Washington & Jefferson College--it contains the signature of William Sparks but not that of George Sparks. At about the same time that this petition was being circulated, the state of Virginia asked that all settlers sign “An Oath of Allegiance to the Commonwealth of Virginia.” A man named William Scott, who was a militia captain and whose land nearly adjoined that of George Sparks, was charged with obtaining these oaths in his district. On February 2, 1778, Scott reported to the clerk of the County Court of Ohio County, Virginia, that on October 6, 1777, George Sparks had given his oath, but that in December, 1777, William Sparks (among many others) had refused. This probably means that, while George Sparks wished to remain a subject of Virginia, William Sparks favored the forming of a separate state out of the disputed land.

In 1782, this same William Scott commanded a company in the 4th Battalion of Washington County Militia and a William Sparks was listed as a private in his company. This probably refers, however, to William Bostwick Sparks, son of George Sparks, or to William Sparks, Jr., son of William Sparks. George Sparks, Jr., son of George Sparks, was also a member of this company. (See the Pennsylvania Archives, 6th Series, Vol. 2, pp. 138, 158, and 159.) According to a biographical sketch of Allen Sparks (grandson of William Sparks) which was written by Elijah Sparks (great-grandson of William Sparks) for the History of Clinton County, Indiana published in 1886, William Sparks served in the American army during the Revolution “and was at the storming of Stony Point, the battle of Brandywine, and surrender of Cornwallis.” According to Joseph Claybaugh’s History of Clinton County, Indiana, published in 1913, in an article on James Allen Sparks (another great-grandson of William Sparks), it was William’s son, James Sparks, who served in the American Revolution. Since William Sparks was at least 45 at the time of the Revolution, while his son James was a young man of 17 when the war began, it would seem more probable that it was James who fought the British rather than his father. He was probably the James Sparks who was a member of Capt. Zadock Wright’s company of the 2nd Battalion of the Washington County Militia in 1782. (Pennsylvania Archives, 6th Series, Vol. 2, pp. 27, 33, and 61.)


The Ohio County, Virginia, Court records contain a number of references to George and William Sparks. (These records were published in the Annals of the Carnegie Museum, Vols. 1-3, Pittsburgh, 1902-05; Inez R. Waldenmaier prepared an index in 1957.) In 1780, for example, a reference was made to a lawsuit involving a man named Miller vs. George Sparks and his wife, Mary. Unfortunately, the record does not reveal the nature of the suit. On June 2, 1777, durIng a meeting of the Ohio County Court, William Sparks took the oath of office as Ensign of the Militia--his Colonel was named David Shepherd. At a meeting of the court held October 4, 1779, William Sparks was ordered along with Samuel Teter, Joseph Worley and John Fergusson to “view the nearest and best way for a road from John Boggs Mill to Alexander Wells, on Cross Creek, and make report to next Court.” All of these persons named lived in what is now Independence Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania. On November 1, 1779, William Sparks was called to serve on a grand jury in Ohio County, and on March 7, 1780, be was ordered, along with John Doldridge, Arthur McConnel, John Huff, and Thomas Uri to settle a dispute between John Carpenter and James Kerr. The latter lived on a farm adjoining that of William Sparks.

The most intriguing reference to William Sparks among these Virginia Court records is that dated March 3, 1777, when it was recorded that Henry Nelson “came into Court and complains that William Sparks had in an illegal manner taken away his child and unjustly detains the same without his consent.” William Sparks was then summoned to appear at the next Court to answer this complaint, which he did on April 8, 1777, when it was recorded: “William Sparks appeared before this court, and having not had an opportunity of convening his evidence ordered that it lay over unto the next Court & that the child continue in the care of William Sparks until that time.” There is no further record of this dispute, so perhaps it was settled out of court, There can be little doubt, however, that this Henry Nelson was the same Henry Nelson who, on February 9, 1773, had been allowed 45 pounds by the Orphans Court of Bedford County, Pennsylvania (which then had jurisdiction under Pennsylvania law over that area which became Washington County), for “cloathing, educating & maintaining the following children of Charles Sparks, deced.:

 “For Absolom Sparks for 1 year at £3  per annum --------------------------------- £   3-0-0
 “For Phebe Sparks for 3 years at £6 per annum & one quarter schooling--- £ 18-5-0
 “For Charles Sparks for 3 years at £8 per annum ---------------------------------- £ 24-0-0
£ 45-5-0.”

Only two other records have been found pertaining to this Charles Sparks, father of Absolom, Phebe, and Charles, Jr. One is a Bedford County Court record dated July 22, 1771, granting letters of administration on the estate of Charles Sparks to Robert Moore. Then, in 1773, Robert Moore was taxed, as administrator of the estate of Charles Sparks consisting of 100 acres of land in Providence Township, Bedford County. (Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. 22, p. 261). Charles Sparks must have been related to William and George Sparks, and it may be significant that a Robert Moore was administrator of Charles Sparks’s estate while William Sparks had married Martha Moore. (A Robert Moore received a Virginia certificate in 1780 to a tract of land in what is now Robinson Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania.) The child whom Henry Nelson accused William Sparks of taking from him may have been one of these children of Charles Sparks. Both Charles Sparks, Jr., and Absolom Sparks, sons of Charles Sparks, served in the Revolution. Charles, Jr., served as a Ranger on the Frontier between 1778 and 1783 (Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. 23, pp. 214 and 218.) Absolom Sparks was a member of Capt. William Scott’s company in the 4th Battalion of Washington County Militia and later in Lt. Earned’s company. (Pennsylvania Archives, 6th Series, Vol. 2, pp. 158-59 and 242.)

Washington County, Pennsylvania, was created in 1781, having been carved out of Westmoreland County. The first tax list for the new county has been preserved; it is dated 1781 and was published in the Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. 22.   Both William and George Sparks were taxed in Hopewell Township; William’s taxable property consisted of 340 acres of land, 2 horses, 4 cattle, and 8 sheep; while George’s consisted of 400 acres, 2 horses, 4 cattle, and 8 sheep. (When


Independence Township was cut off from Hopewell Township in 1856, the dividing line separated the land once belonging to George and William Sparks, so that today William’s tract is in Independence Township while George’s is still in Hopewell Township. For a map showing how Virginia’s county divisions compare with Pennsylvania’s see the cover of the SPARKS QUARTERLY for September, 1954 (page 39).

After 1781 it is impossible, with the records which we have been able to gather thus far, to trace William Sparks further. (We have not been able to have a detailed search made of court house records in Washington County.) We know that sometime prior to 1786 the land once owned by William Sparks had passed into the hands of Thomas Bines. The name of William Sparks does not appear on the extant tax lists of Hopewell Township for 1785 or 1793. A William Sparks was taxed in Fallowrield Township, Washington County, in 1784 but not in 1793; a William Sparks was taxed in Stabane Township in 1793 but had not been there in 1784. In both instances this was probably either William Bostwick Sparks, son of George, or William Sparks, Jr., son of William. It seems probable that William Sparks died in the 1780’s. Only one William Sparks was listed on the 1790 census of Washington County--this was probably either William Bostwick Sparks or William Sparks, Jr. (William Sparks, who came to Washington County in 1773, must not be confused with the William Sparks who died in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, in 1788; this latter William Sparks, whose wife’s name was Rachel, named the following children in his will: Isaac, Ann, William, James, Rachel, Margaret, Elizabeth, Sarah, and John.)

So far as we have been able to learn, William Sparks of Washington County did not leave a will. According to descendants, he and his wife, Martha Moore, had the following children:

1. James Sparks, born in September, 1759, in Maryland. According to descendants, he was 13 or 14 years old when he came with his parents to what is now Independence Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1773. He was probably the James Sparks who served in theAmerican Revolution as a member of Capt. Zadock Wright’s company, 2nd Battalion, Washington County Militia. (See Peima. Archives, 6th Series, Vol. 2, pp. 23, 33, and 61). He was married in Washington County to Margaret Ray, a daughter of Thomas and Margery (Spear) Ray,  who had also emigrated from Maryland to Washington County. Margaret Ray was born in May, 1761.  James Sparks and his family moved from  Pennsylvania to Richland County, Ohio, between 1820 and 1830; he later moved to Clinton County, Indiana, where he died in October, 1855, at the age of 97. James and Margaret (Ray) Sparks were the parents of twelve children born between 1799 and 1815: Marthy, Margaret, Sarah, William, James, Margory, Mary, Joseph, Thomas, Robert, Allen, and Elizabeth.
2. William Sparks, Jr.
3. Richard Sparks.
4. Pernina Sparks.
5. Marjory Sparks.
6. Martha Sparks.
7. Margaret Sparks.
With regard to George Sparks of Washington County, Pennsylvania, our records are much more complete. A number of deeds are recorded in Washington County which pertain to him and his wife, Mary. On October 10, 1798, they deeded 153 acres from the tract called “Elenoroon” to their son Solomon (Deed Book 1-0,  p. 426). On December 30, 1800, they deeded to their son William Bostwick Sparks 127 acres and 93 perches from the home place called “Sparta” (Deed Book 1-Q, p. 318). Also on December 30, 1800, Mary Buxton, their daughter, purchased for 50 pounds a small part of “Elenoroon” containing 5 acres and 57 perches “in behalf of her daughter, Mary Buxton junior, Mary Buxton senior retaining unto herself an estate for life


in the land conveyed.” (Deed Book l-Q, p. 411). On May 9, 1800, George and Mary Sparks conveyed slightly over 14 acres to their son, William Bostwiok Sparks (Deed Book l-Q, p. 566).  On July 9, 1803, George Sparks drew up his will, which reads as follows:

In the Name of God Amen, I, George Sparks of Hopewell township, Washington County and State of Pennsylvania, being weak in body but of a sound and perfect mind and memory Blessed be Almighty God for the same do make and publish this my last will and Testament in Manner and form following (that is to say) First I give and bequeath unto my oldest son Salathial Sparks, one Dollar, I give and bequeath unto my son William  Bostwick Sparks, one Dollar. I give and bequeath unto my son Solomon Sparks, on Dollar, and I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Buxton, one Dollar, I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife, Mary Sparks, the Bay Mare and Mare colt with three cows, and ten sheep, a feather bed with all the household furniture together with my other freehold estate whatever to her my said wife during the time of her natural life and at her death I give and bequeath unto my son James Sparks his heirs and assigns forever all my freehold estate containing one hundred thirty seven acres more or less lying and being in the township County and State aforesaid and further it is my will that all movable property that is not mentioned above be sold at publick sale and my debts to be paid out of the monies arising from the Sale thereof, and the overplus (if any) to my said beloved wife Mary Sparks, whom together with my son William Bostwick Sparks, I hereby appoint Executors of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills by me made.

In witness Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this ninth day of July, in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and three.

             [signed] George    X    Sparks (Seal)
Signed, Sealed published and declared by the above named George Sparks to be his last will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed as witnesses in the presence of the Testator.
                            [signed] James Heney
                                         John Buchanan
                                         Jacob Walter

On May 23, 1806, John Buchanan and James Heney, two of the witnesses to the above will, appeared before the Register for Probate in Washington County, and swore that they “were personally present and heard and saw the within named Testator George Sparks sign Seal publish pronounce and declare the within Instrument in writing as and for his last will and Testament, That at the time of the execution thereof he the said Testator was of a sound and disposing Mind Memory and understanding -  That they signed their Names thereto as witnesses in the presence of the Testator and at his request and in the presence of each other and that they saw Jacob Walter the absent Witness sign his Name thereto.”

From the above statement, it is apparent that George Sparks died in 1806, probably a few days prior to May 23rd.

George and Mary Sparks were the parents of the following children:


George and Mary Sparks were the parents of the following children (sic.):

1. Salathiel Sparks, born 1756; he moved to Adams County, Ohio, in 1804 where he died at the town of West Union on July 20, 1823. He married and had children named Levi, John, Delilah, and George.
2. George Sparks, Jr., born in the 1750’s; he married Rachel Norris in 1785 and moved to what is now Taylor County, West Virginia, where he died near Proutytown in 1802. He served in the American Revolution and was a prisoner of the British in New York in November, 1782. George and Rachel (Norris) Sparks were the parents of the following children: Solomon, Polly, William, Betty, George, and Anna.

Following the death of George Sparks, Jr., in 1802, his widow Rachel married Thomas Little and had children named Jane, Amos, and Lydia Little.

3. William Bostwick Sparks, born about 1765. According to census records, he was still a resident of Hopewell Township, Washington County, as late as 1820. He married and had at least three sons and five daughters.
4. Solomon Sparks, born November 15, 1767. Like his brother, Salathiel, he moved to Adams County, Ohio, where he died March 19, 1838, at Winchester.  He married Catherine Hillegas; they were the parents of the following children, born between 1793 and 1820: John, Ezra, Levi, Elizabeth, Solomon, Catherine, James, Mary, Abner, George, Jonathan Boston, and John Oliver.

5. James Sparks. It is said that he went to Mississippi Territory in an early day.

6. Mary Sparks, married Jacob Buxton of Washington County, Pennsylvania. She had at least one daughter, named Mary.
(Editor’s Note: In future issues of the QUARTERLY we hope to publish records of the descendants of these children of George Sparks and of William Sparks. Miss Gertrude Sparks of 804 E. Lexington Blvd., Eau Claire, Wisc., has prepared a splendid record of the descendants of Ezra Sparks, son of Solomon and Catherine (Hillegas) Sparks (see No. 4 above) which we plan to publish in the next issue of the QUARTERLY. Our record of the descendants of Salathiel Sparks, son of George and Mary, is rather complete, and we shall publish it in the near future. Mrs. Enos G. Huffer of 1328 Noble Ave., Springfield, Illinois, has been collecting material on the descendants of James Sparks, son of William, for many years and we hope to publish the results of this research also in the near future.

Our records of the other children of William Sparks and of George Sparks, however, are very incomplete. We shall be delighted to receive additional material from any descendant of this family who sees this appeal.)



by William Perry Johnson

(Note: The following article is a condensation of, and based entirely on, an article in the Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Volume 3, and beginning on page 482. Facing page 482 in this volume is a map entitled “Outline Map of Virginia Claims in Southwest Pennsylvania.” This map was used as the basis for the map that appeared on the cover of the September, 1954, issue of THE SPARKS QUARTERLY. Readers may wish to refer to this map as they peruse this article. W.P.J.)

By 1749 large grants of land on the branches of the Ohio River had been made “to certain gentlemen and merchants of the city of London and to inhabitants of Virginia.” It became known in 1752 that the authorities of Virginia, as a matter of self protection, began to contemplate the erection of a fort at the junction of the Allegheny and Manongahela Rivers, the present site of the city of Pittsburgh, a point which was believed to be of such great strategic importance that upon its possession, in a large measure, depended the control of the great Ohio Valley.

In March, 1752, Thomas Penn wrote to Gov. James Hamilton, the representative of the proprietaries of Pennsylvania: “I desire you will enter into any reasonable measure to assist the government to build there, to wit, at the Ohio, taking some acknowledgement from him, that this settlement shall not be made use of to prejudice our right to that country”; and again, on the 3rd of July, of the same year, he writes:  “I hope you will, as I wrote you on the 9th of March, acquaint the Governor of Virginia that we consent to this (that is, to the building of a fort at the Ohio) without prejudice to our right to the land in case it should be found to lie within our province, to be granted to the bonafide settlers on the same terms and conditions as they are to have it from Virginia.

It was decided in 1754, by Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia, that a fort should be built, and in order to raise a military force of sufficient strength for the purpose in view, on the 19th of February of that year, he issued his proclamation, which reads in part as follows: “Whereas it is determined that a fort be immediately built on the river Ohio, at the fork of Monongahela, to oppose any further encroachments or hostile attempts of the French, and the Indians, in their interest, and for the security and protection of his majesty’s subjects in this Colony, and as it is absolutely necessary that a sufficient force should be raised to meet and support the same: For an encouragement to all who shall voluntarily enter into said service, I do hereby notify and promise, that by and with the advice and consent of his majesty’s council in this colony, that over and above their pay, two hundred thousand acres of his majesty, the King of Great Britain’s lands, on the east side of the river Ohio, within this dominion (one hundred thousand acres whereof to be contiguous to the said fort, and the other one hundred thousand acres to be on or near the river Ohio), shall be laid off and granted to such persons, who by their voluntary engagement, and good behaviors, in the said service, shall deserve the same.”

On the 13th of March following, Governor Hamilton wrote to Governor Dinwiddie in answer to his proclamation that “the invasions, etc., having engaged me to inquire very particularly into the bounds and extent of this province westwardly, I have from thence the greatest reason to believe that the fort and lands (intended to be granted) are really within the limits of Pennsylvania.” In reply, Dinwiddie, on the 21st of March, wrote to Hamilton, “1 am much misled by our surveyors, if the forks of Monongahela be within the limits of your Proprietor’s grant.” The foregoing is the first recorded notice of the claim of Virginia to the southwest corner of Pennsylvania, and was the beginning of a dispute which was to continue for thirty years before an adjustment was reached.


In the summer of 1754, a company of Virginians, under command of Captain Trent, arrived at the confluence of the rivers and commenced to build the proposed fort; but before they had completed their labors a force of one thousand French arid Indians, with eighteen pieces of cannon, appeared before the unfinished stockade and compelled the little body of forty-one men present for its defense to surrender. The French immediately built “Fort Duquesne,” and remained in possession until forced by the expedition of General Forbes, to destroy and abandon it in November, 1758, its place being taken by Fort Pitt, built in 1759.

The claim of Virginia embraced all the land west of Laurel Hill, included within the present counties of Westmoreland, Fayette, Greene, Washington, and parts of Allegheny and Beaver; whilst the Pennsylvania claim rested entirely upon the charter of Charles II, King of Great Britain, to William Penn, by which the lands granted to Penn were to extend westward five degrees in longitude from the river Delaware, and there had been sufficient investigation to convince the Pennsylvania Proprietaries that the point at which the two rivers united to form the Ohio was some distance within the limits of the royal grant to them.

For twenty years after 1754, there was no official correspondence between the two colonies in relation to their claims, and the military grants promised in the proclamation of Governor Dinwiddie were never surveyed or given to the persons who were to receive them. However, settlements under Virginia rights were encouraged within the bounds of the territory in dispute, and in a few years pioneer settlers began to appear along the Monongahela Valley.

The Pennsylvania authorities granted no rights for land west of the Allegheny mountains until after the treaty at Fort Stanwix in November, 1768, by which the Indian title to that section of the state was extinguished. Many applications authorizing surveys to be returned under the applications system then in force, were entered early in 1769, and after that system ceased in September of the same year, many warrants for lands purchased were granted.

Bedford County, formed in 1771, included within its limits the entire southwestern corner of the state to its western boundary, and there was an active renewal of the boundary controversy. In 1774, John Penn, then Governor of Pennsylvania, wrote to Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia: “The western extent of the Province of Pennsylvania, by the Royal. Grant, is five degrees of longitude from the River Delaware, which is its eastern boundary. In the year 1768, an east and west line was run from the Delaware, at the mouth of Christiana Creek, to the crossing of Dunkard Creek, a branch of Monongahela, by Messrs. Dixon and Mason, two surveyors of distinction, who were sent over from England to run the division line between Maryland and Pennsylvania. These artists fixed the latitude and extent of that line with the utmost exactness and precision, to the satisfaction of the commissioners on both sides. From the 233d milestone on this line a north line hath been since carefully run and measured to the Ohio, and from thence up to Fort Pitt; the several courses of the river have been taken with all possible care...”

The territory claimed by Dunrnore at that time was treated as part of Augusta County, (Virginia) and the first court was held at Pittsburgh, or Fort Dunmore as it was now called, on February 21, 1775; and for the next five years dual sets of officers asserted their right to exercise authority over the same people. This district of Virginia, called West Augusta, was subsequently divided into three counties, Ohio, Monongalia and Yohogania. A land office, in charge of a surveyor, was established in each county, and, as settlements were encouraged, many rights for lands under Virginia laws were entered and surveyed. In the records of the land department, these rights are known as “Virginia Entries,” and consisted of state, preemption, treasury and military warrants. The terms under which lands were held by Virginia


rights were fixed in the warrants, but in most of these warrants the purchase money was as low as ten shillings sterling for a hundred acres. The entries number over one thousand, and cover an area of six hundred and thirty-three thousand acres of land. Upon many of the entries, however, surveys were never made or returned, and, of course,  titles to them under Pennsylvania laws never completed. The description of these tracts as they are recorded in the book of entries, and as they are written in the surveys, are quite vague and indefinite, the location usually given being that of a stream.

In 1779 the commissioners of Virginia and Pennsylvania met at Baltimore, and on August 31 reached an agreement which practically ended the long pending controversy:  “To extend Mason and Dixon’s line due west five degrees of longitude, to be computed from the river Delaware, for the southern boundary of Pennsylvania, and that a meridian drawn from the western extremity thereof to the northern limit of the said State be the western boundary of Pennsylvania forever.” This agreement was ratified by both sides in 1780, but due to delays it was not until 1784 that the southern line from the end of Mason and Dixon’s line was run out the full five degrees of longitude and the southwestern corner of the state established. The meridian line from the southwest corner to the Ohio River was run in 1785, and from the Ohio River to Lake Erie in 1786.

A land office under the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was first established by an act of the legislature, passed in 1781. The purpose of this act was to enable persons who held unpatented rights to land obtained from the Proprietary Government prior to December 10, 1776, to pay such arrearage of purchase money as might be due thereon, and complete their titles by obtaining patents. This act was followed by another on the 5th of April, 1782, which provided for a Board of Property, whose duty it was to hear and to settle any difficulties or irregularities that had arisen or might arise, in transacting the business of the land office. The first recorded action taken by this board in relation to Virginia rights was on the 15th of September, 1784, when it was resolved that the Surveyor General issue orders to his deputies in the counties of Westmoreland, Washington, and Fayette, that upon application, they survey the said land for such persons.

The land office in Pennsylvania was closed in 1776 after the declaration of independence. When it was again opened in 1781, under the Commonwealth, it was for the above-stated purpose of permitting the completion of titles of lands held under grants from the Proprietary government. It was not until the act of April 1, 1784, became a law that provision was made for the sale of unappropriated lands of the state.  It follows that all Pennsylvania claims that conflicted with. Virginia rights must have been acquired under the Proprietary government, between the years 1769 and 1776. These rights were under applications entered in 1769, and following that year, after the application system had been abandoned, by warrant and survey.

On page 548 of Volume 3, 3rd Series, of the Pennsylvania Archives are listed the Virginia entries for George Sparks and William Sparks which have been discussed by Dr. Bidlack in the preceding article.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


In the March, 1963, issue of the QUARTERLY we announced that the descendants of  R. T. Sparks would hold their family reunion at the Denton, Texas, City Park on August 4, 1963.  Mrs. J. H. Gibbons, a member of this family, informs us that the reunion will be held on August 25, 1963, not August 4th.

* * * * * * * * * * * * *



(Continued from page 669)

SIMON SPARKS, of Woodbury, Gloucester County, New Jersey; born about 1781.  Bounty Land Warrant File 4 688-120-55.

On November 24, 1852, Simon Sparks, aged 71 years, a resident of Woodbury, Gloucester County, New Jersey, appeared before Bowman Sailer, a justice of the peace, to make application for bounty land under the Act of Congress dated September 28, 1850. He stated that he had been a private in Capt. Robert A. Armstrong’s Company in the Second Regiment of New Jersey Militia commanded by Col. Joshua L. Howell during the War of 1812. He stated that he had volunteered at Woodbury in August, 1814, “for what term he does not now remember.” He stated “that he marched with Captain Armstrong’s company from Woodbury to Billingsport on or about the twenty-sixth day of September A.D. 1814, and continued in actual service . . . for the term of three months or thereabouts and was honourably discharged at Woodbury, aforesaid, about Christmas of the same year.” He stated that he had not received a written discharge. He signed his application as “Simon Sparks.”

War Department records proved that Simon Sparks had served in the unit which he claimed from September 26 to December 22, 1814, and on May 4, 1853, he was issued a warrant (87289) for 40 acres of bounty land.

On March 21, 1855, Simon Sparks appeared before John C. Smallwood, a commissioner of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, to make application for additional bounty land as provided under the Act of Congress dated March 3, 1855. He stated that he was a resident of Woodbury and was 74 years old. Since the Act of 1855 required that each application be signed by two witnesses, William Scott and Aaron M. Wilkins, both of Deptford Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, appeared as witnesses. He was issued a warrant (4688) for 120 additional acres of bounty land.

(Editor’s Note: We have no data in our files pertaining to the above Simon Sparks.)

SIMON SPARKS, born in New Jersey about !790, died in Montgomery County, Illinois, October 2, 1854; CATHERINE (TEMPLETON) SPARKS, his widow, born in New Jersey about 1790; ANDREW SPARKS, brother of Simon Sparks, born in New Jersey about 1790, Bounty Land
                              Warrant File 76 326-160-55.

On September 18, 1855, Catherine Sparks, aged 67 years, a resident of Christian County, Illinois, appeared before a justice of the peace named Benjamin Mason to make application for bounty land. She swore that she was the widow of Simon Sparks who had been a private in Capt. Jerry Simm’s company in the First Regiment of Infantry commanded by Col. John Daugherty in the War of 1812. She stated that her husband had been “drafted at Springfield, in the county of Champaign (now Clark County) in the State of’ Ohio, to guard the frontier on or about the first day of February A.D. 1813 for the term of thirty days, and contined in actual ssrvice in said war for the term of about thirty days and was honorably discharged at Menary’s [?] Blockhouse on the border of said county of Champaign (now in Logan) on or about the 28th day of February 1813.” She further stated that she had been married to Simon Sparks “on or about the last of March A.D. 1813 by one Elias Vickers (of which marriage there is no record evidence) and that her name before her marriage was Catherine Templeton, and that her said husband died at Audubun, Montgomery County, Illinois, on the 2d day of October A.D. 1854 and that she is now a widow."  She


signed her application by mark. John H. Davis and Anson Cheney, both residents of Christian County, Illinois, signed as witnesses.

Added to this declaration of Catherine Sparks is a sworn statement by Richard Sparks and Simon Sparks, both of Christian County, Illinois, attesting to the fact that Catherine Sparks and her husband, Simon Sparks, had lived together as man and wife. (The relationship of Richard Sparks and Simon Sparks to Catherine Sparks is not revealed in the sworn statement, but it is highly probable that they were sons of Catherine and Simon.)

The Treasury Department reported that the name of Simon Sparks did not appear on the rolls of Col. Daugherty’s regiment, and on March 18, 1857, Catherine Sparks, now aged 69 years and a resident of Clay County, Illinois, appeared before a justice of the peace named Daniel Fields to state that Simon Sparks had actually served as a substitute for his brother, Andrew Sparks, and that during his service he “answered in the name of the said Andrew Sparks.” She was also more specific regarding her marriage, stating “that she was married to the said Simon Sparks at Green County, Ohio, about the 15th day of March A.D. 1813 by one Elias Vickers, a Minister of the Gospel.” She again signed by mark. Elbert S. Apperson and Peter Green, both of Clay County, Illinois, witnessed her signature and swore that they had known both Catherine and Simon Sparks before the latter’s death and that they had lived together as husband and wife.

Added to this deposition of 1857 is a sworn statement made by Isaac Martin, a resident of Clay County, Illinois, that he had served also in Capt. Jeremiah Simm’s company, stating: “I know of my own knowledge that said Simon Sparks served in said company as above stated; that he served in the place and stead of Andrew Sparks, and that to the best of my recollection, Simon Sparks answered to the name of Andrew Sparks when the rolls of the said company were called and that I think it probable the name of Simon Sparks was never entered on the rolls of said company.” Isaac Martin also swore that he “saw the said Catherine Sparks and the said Simon Sparks married.” He added that he had received a warrant for 160 acres of land for his service, which was the same as that of Simon Sparks. (Isaac Martin had married Nancy Templeton in Clark County, Ohio, on November 27, 1824.)

Andrew Sparks, brother of Simon Sparks, was still living at this time, a resident of Greene County, Indiana, and on November 10, 1857, he signed the following statement for his sister-in-law, Catherine Sparks, to submit along with her new application, “I, Andrew Sparks, swear that in the forepart of the year 1813, in Champaine County, in the State of Ohio, I was drafted to serve one month’s tour in the War of 1812, in Captain Sims’s Company; that I hired my brother Simon Sparks to serve said tour for which I was drafted as aforesaid, that I saw my said brother, Simon Sparks, start to the place of rendevous for to serve said tour, equiped; that he staid the time out for which I was drafted, and that he returned home when said company returned. So help me God.” He signed this statement “Andrew S. Sparks.” From other records we know that his full name was Andrew Sinnockson Sparks.

The Treasury Department found the name of Andrew Sparks on the rolls of Col. Daugherty’s regiment, the evidence submitted by Catherine Sparks was accepted, and she was issued a warrant for 160 acres of bounty land.

(Editor’s Note: From the above documents, we know that Simon Sparks and Andrew S. Sparks were brothers. Both were living in Greene County, Ohio, in 1813. According to the marriage records of Greene County, Simon Sparks and Catherine Templeton were married on April 2, 1813; while Andrew S. Sparks and Jane Templeton were married on January 12, 1813. From this it seems apparent that the reason Andrew Sparks hired his brother to take his place in the draft was that he (Andrew)


had just been married when he was drafted. Simon was married soon after his return from his tour of duty. Catherine and Jane, since their maiden name was Templeton, were probably sisters.

According to census records, both Simon and Andrew Sparks were born in New Jersey. The fact that Andrew’ s middle name was Sinnockson points to their belonging to the Salem County, New Jersey, Sparks family.

According to Mrs. Albert G. Peters of Chicago, who is our authority on the Sparks families of New Jersey, Simon and Andrew S. were probably sons of Sinnockson Sparks (also spelled Siranecsson, Sinneckson, etc.) who was born in New Jersey about 1774. He was connected in some way with the Sinnockson family in Salem County, which was a very prominent family in that area in Colonial times. Sinnockson Sparks was living alone in Lower Penns Neck Township, Salem County, New Jersey, when the 1850 census was taken. His wife, Ann Sparks, had died the same year (1850) and is buried in the St. George P.E. Church Yard at Penns Neck; however, according to her tombstone she was aged 70 when she died, thus born about 1780. She could not have been the mother of Simon and Andrew S. Sparks since they were born about 1790. Perhaps Ann was Sinnockson Sparks’s second wife. Mrs. Peters believes that Sinnockson Sparks, born about 1774, was no doubt a son of Capt. Richard Sparks (died 1800) and his wife Anne. Capt. Richard Sparks was a son of Richard Sparks, Sr., and a grandson of the first Simon Sparks who emigrated from England to New Jersey sometime prior to 1739. (See THE SPARKS QUARTERLY for March, 1968, Vol. VI, No. 1, Whole No. 21, page 286.)

Simon Sparks, who served in the War of 1812, was born about 1790; his wife Catherine was also born about 1790 and according to census records was also born in New Jersey.  Andrew Sinnockson Sparks, brother of Simon, was also born about 1790; his wife, Jane (Templeton) Sparks was, according to census records, born in Pennsylvania about 1792.

According to the 1820 census of Greene County, Ohio, Simon and Andrew S. Sparks were both living in Bath Township. The enumeration of the members of their household would seem to indicate that by 1820 Simon Sparks had two sons and one daughter, while Andrew S. Sparks had two sons and two daughters.

Also living in Greene County, Ohio, in 1820 was Thomas Sparks, whom we believe was a brother of Simon and Andrew S. Sparks. Thomas Sparks lived in Sugar Creek Township. He died in 1866. His children were:
            (1) Richard Sparks, born about 1805;
            (2) Charlotte Sparks, born about 1807, married Clark;
            (3) Ephraim S. Sparks, born 1809;
            (4) Ann Sparks, born about 1811, married Joseph Davidson;
            (5) Rebecca Sparks, born about 1814, married Matthew Houston; and
            (6) David Sparks, born about 1820.

By 1830, Simon Sparks was living in Dayton Township, Montgomery County, Ohio. From the enumeration of his household, it appears that he had three sons and three daughters. Andrew S. Sparks, Simon’s brother, was still living in Bath Township, Greene County, Ohio, it. 1830, and from the enumeration of his household, it appears that he had three sons and five daughters.

As Catherine Sparks made clear in her application, her husband Simon Sparks moved with his family to Montgomery County, Illinois, sometime before his death in 1854. This move must have taken place only a short time before his death, however, for when the 1850 census was taken he was a resident of Mad River Township, Clark County, Ohio. Living with Simon and Catherine Sparks in 1850 was Simon C. Sparks, aged 18, thus born about 1832. He was doubtless the youngest son and was the same Simon Sparks who, with Richard Sparks, signed the statement added to Catherine’s


application of September 18, 1855. This Richard Sparks was probably another son who had accompanied the family to Illinois. Richard Sparks purchased and sold land in the town of Taylorsville, Christian County, Illinois, in 1854. Simon C. Sparks also bought a lot in Taylorsville in 1855 which he sold the following year. An A. J. Sparks also bought a lot in Taylorsville in 1855 which he sold the same year.. Perhaps this A. J. Sparks was also a son of Simon and Catherine; he married Sally J. Vermillion in Dane County, Illinois, on April 15, 1857. We have not succeeded in locating any descendants of Simon and Catherine (Templeton) Sparks.

Sometime prior to 1839, Andrew S. Sparks, brother of Simon, moved with his family from Greene County, Ohio, to Greene County, Indiana, where on January 9, 1839, he purchased 80 acres of land from Jesse and Lucinda Oliphant (Deed Book D, p. 150). On February 13, 1839, Andrew S. Sparks and his wife Jane sold this same land to David Templeton (Deed Book E, p. 437). In 1843, he purchased 80 acres from John and Nancy Shipman (Deed Book E, p. 549). In 1844, he obtained patents to three different tracts of land in Greene County, Indiana, from the Federal Government. In these records his name is given in full as Andrew Sinnockson Sparks.

How long Andrew S. Sparks lived after 1857, when he testified in Greene County, Indiana, is not known, and very little is known of his family. The Clerk of the Circuit Court of Greene County reports there is no probate record on file there for Andrew S. Sparks. When he was listed on the 1850 census of Greene County, Indiana, (see page 428 of the September, 1959, issue of the QUARTERLY), a Mary B. Sparks, aged 17, born in Ohio, was listed in his household--she was doubtless a daughter. Living next; door to Andrew S. Sparks in 1850 was Andrew Sparks, Jr., born about 1828, in Ohio, who was doubtless a son. He had married Elizabeth Dobbins on March 14, 1850. A known daughter of Andrew S. Sparks was Rebecca Sparks who was born February 1, 1825, and died in Cedar County, Iowa, December 29, 1906. She married Jacob Moore (1819-1900) on December 8, 1842. Other probable children of Andrew S. and Jane (Templeton) Sparks were: David W. Sparks, born about 1814, married Nancy and moved to Kansas; and Sinnookeon (or Sinixon) Sparks, born about 1823, married Malinda Moore in Greene County, Indiana, on April 4, 1842. Charles Sparks, born about 1830, married Ann Rupell in Greene County, Indiana, on May 8, 1849, may also have been a son of Andrew S. and Jane (Templeton) Sparks. According to notes made by a descendant a number of years ago, there is some reason to believe there were also Sons named Alexander Sparks and Jason Sparks.

For several years, Mrs. Robert A. Hughes of St. Louis, Missouri, has been seeking proof of the parentage of her husband’s great-grandfather, John Templeton Sparks, who was born in Greene County (later Clark County), Ohio, on October 17, 1813, and died in National City, California, on April 8, 1891. He lived most of his life in White County, Indiana, and on the 1880 census indicated that his father’s birth place was New Jersey but that his mother was born in Pennsylvania. It seems very probable that John Templeton Sparks was also a son of Andrew S.  and Jane (Templeton) Sparks. If so, he would have been their eldest son, since they were married on January 12, 1813.

We shall be very interested in hearing from any readers of this article who descend from this branch of the Sparks family.)



By Paul E. Sparks

(Continued from page 722)


Mary C. Sparks & George C. Jackson, January 25, 1851. (Book A, page 220) Minister: H. L. Ellis.

Elizabeth Sparks & Samuel Lanham, August 17, 1857. (Book D, page 93) Bondsmen: Samuel Lanham and George W. Jackson. Minister: A. Brown.

Robert F. Sparks & Sarah Jane Lanhffln, June 13, 1859. (Book E, page 71) Father: Oliver Sparks gives consent. Witnesses: Samuel Lanham & Thomas  G.  Watkins. (Robert Sparks made his mark. Oliver signed.)

Joe Ann Sparks & Andrew B. Alsop, January 7, 1861. (Book F, page 9) Witnesses, John N. Terrell and Samuel Lanham. She was 23 years old. Father  and mother born in Henry County, Kentucky. Witness: Robert T. Sparks.

Frank Sparks & Samira Helm, January 20, 1873. (Book M, page 198) Married by J. T. Ellis, M.G.B.C. Father: J. H. Helm gives consent. Married at  residence of Straud Helm. Witnesses: Creed Burton and J. Bartlett.

William C. Sparks & Nancy Ann Helm, July 22, 1873. (Book M, page 368) Married by H. C. Ford. Bondsman: Jno. C. McFarland. Married at residence of George Helm, Witnesses: Joseph A. Helm and Henry C. Barrett.

R. F. Sparks & Martha A. Pagan, August 21, 1878. (Book P, page 321) Bondsman:  William Pagan. Witnesses: William Jackson and G. D. Jackson, Married by J. A. Taylor.  R. F. Sparks made his mark.

Albert Sparks & Josie Lacklin, December 8, 1884. (Book S, page 633) Witnesses: Christopher Sparks and W. H. Terrill. Father: Elijah Lacklin, gives consent.

D. W. Sparks & Sallie B. Gipe, January 7, 1886. (Book U, page 191) Witnesses: Austin Barry and James W. Gipe. Bondsman: Fred Gipe. D. W. Sparks made his mark.

Nannie C. Sparks & James L Alsop, April 12, l887. (Book V, page 391) Witnesses: J. P. Wilson and J. S. Storman. Bondsman: Pig Terrill. R. C. Sparks gives Consent.

J. H. Sparks & Mollie York, January 4, 1888. (Book W, page 199) Withesses:  W. Fry & John Nashan. Bondsman: George Tyler. (J, H. Sparks made his mark.)

J. S. Sparks & Anne Veatch, December 20, 1890. (Book Y, page 405) Witnesses: Addle Hand and Monroe Swindler. Bondsman: J. H. Bozarth.


Copied by Paul E. Sparks

Thomas B. Sparks & Arena Fields, August 30, 1869. (Book 1, page 4) Married by Ruben C. Sparks. Witness: Alfred Sparks. Bondsman: A. J.Sparks.

Perlina A. Sparks & J. C. Lyon, September 9, 1869. (Book 1, page 2) Married at home of Nelson Sparks.

Surrilda Sparks & E. C. Stephens, January 1, 1870. (Book 1, page ) Married by R. C. Sparks at home of Wesley Sparks.

John M. E. Sparks & Mary Johnson, April 29, 1871. (Book 1, page 18) Witness: Joel Sparks. Married by R. C. Sparks.

Eliza Sparks & James Middleton, August 17, 1871. (Book 1, page 20) Married by Levi H. Sparks, minister, at home of John Sparks. Witnesses: John Lawson & L. M. Mauk.

George W. Sparks & Louisa J. Creech, November 29, 1873. (Book 1, page 38) Witnesses: Joel Sparks and Thomas B. Sparks



Rena Sparks & George W. Sparks, March 19, 1880. (Book 1, page 58) Married at home of Joel Sparks. Witnesses: John W. Sparks & Martin Sparks.

Lisa Sparks & Thomas L. Kelley, November 10, 1881. (Book 1, page 80) Married at home of Martha Sparks.

Dicy Sparks & Jasper N. Day, January 7, 1882. (Book 1, page 108)

Clarinda Sparks & S. C. Sparks, July 19, 1883. (Book 1, page 112)

L. C. Sparks & Clinda W. Sparks, July 19, 1883. (Book 1, page 112) Witnesses: Thomas Sparks and William Sparks.

John T. Sparks & Martha E. Stegall, October 11, 1886. (Book 1, page 126)

Perlina Sparks & Michael Whitt, October 15, 1886. (Book 1, page 126)

Laban T. Sparks & Emily Lyon, December 9, 1880. (Book 1, page 66) Witness: Rube Sparks.

William Nesbitt Sparks & Elizabeth Sparks, December 9, 1880. (Book 1, page 66) Witness: James Sparks.

William L. Sparks & Louisa Rose, July 17, 1881. (Book 1, page 74)

James F. Sparks & Folly A. Parker, October 9, 1881. (Book 1, page 78)

William H. Sparks & Rachel Knipp, November 10, 1881. (Book 1, page 80) Witness: Nelson Sparks.

R. M, Sparks & Mellissa C. Brickey, December 17, 1881.

John F. Sparks & Lynne Waddle, June 22, 1883. (Book 1, page 114) Witness: Leborn Sparks; married at home of Susan Waddell. Married by Levi H. Sparks, minister.

R. B. Sparks & Hannah Kelley, June 22, 1883. (Book 1, page 114)

John C. Sparks & Mary E. Green, December 30, 1883. (Book 1, page 116) Witnesses: Isaac W. Sparks and Robert M. Green.

Martin Sparks & Missouri Prince, January 20, 1884. (Book 1, page 118) Witness: Joel Sparks.

Robert L. Sparks & Lina Lyon, September, 1886. (Book 1, page 122)

Polly Sparks & William Stephens, November 8, 1886. (Book 1, page 130)

Ceriy [?] E. Sparks & Robert M. Green, July 24, 1880. (Book 1, page 60) Witnesses: A. J. Sparks and Isaac Sparks)

America V. Sparks & Harvey Gray, February 23, 1888. (Book 2, page 352) Married at home of Joel D. Sparks.

Ellen Sparks & Albert Jones, January 14, 1882. (Book 1, page 84)

Margaret Sparks & James Sparks, January 25, 1892. (Book 2, page 10) Witness: John Sparks.

Ida Sparks & MiIJ,ard Barker, August 8, 1892. (Book 2, page 18)

William G. Sparks & Mary Stapleton, November 16, 1893. (Book 2, page 36)

Veriina Sparks & A. J. Human, March 21, 1894. (Book 2, page 44) Married at home of Joel Sparks.

Juda Sparks & Alfred Holbrook, April 12, 1894. (Book 2, page 44) Married at home of Rev. L. H. Sparks.

Rena Bell Sparks & Milton Terry, August 4, 1894. (Book 2, page 58)

Sarah L. Sparks & James Stidharn, July 25, 1892. (Book 2, page 60)

Abagail Sparks & Joseph P. Maggard, October 19, 1893. (Book 2, page 66)

 Marinda Sparks & J. B. Felts, January 9, 1895. (Book 2, page 74) Married at home of A. J. Sparks.

 Landon Sparks & Elvira Pennington, February 13, 1887. (Book 1, page 130) Witness:   Eli Sparks.

 John J. Sparks & Sarah Rebecca Cox, October 11, 1887. (Book 1, page 140)

 William Franklin Sparks & Ellen Griffiths, August .3, 1892. (Book 2, page 18)

 Hugh Sparks, Jr., & Cynthia Fannin, January 1, 1894. (Book 2, page 38)

 George M. Sparks & Mandy Greene, May 24, 1894. (Book 2, page 42)

 Genetta A. Sparks & Alamander M. Sparks, November 1, 1897. (Book 2, page 156)  Witness: Aley Sparks.

 Cynthia Sparks & A. W. Lyon, June Il, 1898. (Book 2, page 170)



Laridon Sparks & Rena E. Creech, February 29, 1896. (Book 2, page 104)

Frank Sparks & Becky J. Binion, April 14, 1896. (B ook 2, page 112) Witnesses: Joel Sparks and William Sparks.

J. W. Sparks & Florence Hunter [?] July 2, 1896. (Book 2, page 114)

Hansford Sparks & Lulie F. Holbrook, October 7, 1896. (Book 2, page 122)

Hugh Sparks & Lindy Stephens, June 14, 1896. (Book 2, page 124)

Ida B. Sparks & J. B. Gilliaxn.

Laura B. Sparks & A. 0. Pezmington, December 21, 1895. (Book 2, page 106) Married at home of J. N. Sparks.

Emma Sparks & Rufus J. Kendall, September 2, 1896. (Book 2, page 124) Married at home of J. D. Sparks.

Nancy J. Sparks & William Skaggs, May 20, 1897. (Book 2, page 140) Married at home of L. H. Sparks.

Lilly M. Sparks & Richard M. Holbrook, October 14, 1897. (Book 2, page 148) Married at home of J. E. Sparks.

Wesley Sparks & Malinda Staphens, August 18, 1897. (Book 2, page 150) Witnesses: Reuben Sparks & Hugh Sparks.

Andrew Sparks & Bethena Williams, March 13, 1897. (Book 2, page 134) Witness: J. W. Sparks.

Elliott Sparks & Mallisa Ison, May 7, 1897. (Book 2, page 140)

William H. Sparks & Martha Griffith, (Book 2, page 140)

James P. Sparks & Mary F. Terry, May 15, 1897. (Book 2, page 142) Married at home of L. D. Sparks.

Colby Crawford Sparks & Nancy B. Branhain, September 25, 1897. (Book 2, page 146) His father: Levi Sparks. Witnesses: James W. Sparks and John Lawson. Married by Levi H. Sparks, minister.

Noah Sparks & Flora Porter, August 4, 1897. (Book 2, page 154)

Sarah R. Sparks & John F. White, January 10, 1900. (Book 2, page 208) Married at borne of Calvin Sparks.

Martha Sparks and Boon Niokies, March 23, 1900. (Book 2, page 214)

Stella Sparks & John L. Creech, October 9, 1900. (Book 2, page 216)

Celia J. Sparks & Harlan Gilliuin, September 15, 1899. (Book 2, page 218) Married at home of J. B. Sparks.

Bertha Sparks & A. T. Johnson, February 22, 1901. (Book 2, page 232) Married at home of F. D. Sparks.

Rebecca Sparks & Isaac Eldreidge, March 12, 1906. (Book 2, page 256) Married at home of L. D. Sparks.

Margaret Sparks & Hanson McFarland, March 4, 1902. (Book 2, page 266) Married at home of L. H. Sparks. Witness: James L Sparks. Married by L. H. Sparks, minister.

William Sparks & Ida Stephens, October 1, 1902. (Book 2, page 270) Witnesses: William Sparks, Sr., and Green Sparks.

Minnie Sparks & David Gray, September 21, 1902. (Book 2, page 272)

Eliza M. Sparks & R. E. Skaggs, February 27, 1904. (Book 2, page 288) Married at home of Nelson Sparks.

James K. Sparks & Laura Hay, March 25, 1898. (Book 2, page 158)

Dell Sparks & Nancy Johnson, December 30, 1897. (Book 2, page 162)

W, M. Sparks & Florence Kinster, February 4, 1900. (Book 2, page 206)

William B. Sparks & Pearlie Porter, February 19, 1900. (Book 2, page 206)

Ander Sparks & Malessa Lyon, October 5, 1900. (Book 2, page 220) Married at the home of Wiley Lyon. Witness: William Sparks.

Marion Sparks & Rebecca Griffiths, September 5, 1900. (Book 2, page 222)

Frances Sparks & John Conn, November 10, 1904. (Book 2, page 296) Married at the home of W. H. Sparks.

Mary A. Sparks & Robert Lambert, June 5, 1903. (Book 2, page 316) Married at the home of Boon Sparks.



Martha Sparks & Martin Brickey, July 12, 1906. (Book 2, page 348). Married at the home of Bruce Sparks.

Mertie Sparks & Martin Brickey, February i.2, 1906. (Book 2, page 352)

Effie Sparks & V. H. Redwine, April 12, 1908. (Book 2, page 366)

Rilda Sparks & Timothy Skaggs, October 14, 1908. (Book 2, page 378) Married at the home of Benton Sparks. Witnesses: Benton Sparks.

Mary S. Sparks & Thomas H. Skaggs. (Book 2, page 396) Married at the home of Nelson Sparks. Witness: H. P. Sparks.

Florence Sparks & W. A. Cox, January 23, 1910. (Book 2, page 398)

Corrinda Sparks & William F. Nichols, December 2, 1903. (Book 1, page 160) Married at the home of Nelson Sparks.

Nancy Sparks & Alonza Sparks, October 31, 1902. (Book 1, page 178) Married at the home of L. D. Sparks. Witness: James K. Sparks.

Nelson Sparks & Emma Johnson, February 25, 1902. (Book 2, page 262)

William Sparks & Ida Stephens, October 1, 1902. (Book 2, page 270) Witnesses: William Sparks, Sr., and Green Sparks.

Frank Sparks & Sarah Marshall, August 9, 1902. (Book 2, page 274)

George Sparks & Martha Stephens, June 20, 1903. (Book 2, page 282)

Henry (Harry) Sparks & Mary Barker, March 10, 1904. (Book 2, page 284) Witness: Ellington Sparks.

James W. Sparks & Mary Lyon, January 25, 1903. (Book 2, page 320)

Willie A. Sparks & Mary J. Creech, January 2, 1904. (Book 2, page 322) Witness: M. B. Sparks.

D. N. Sparks & America Waggoner, December 16, 1903. (Book 2, page 322)

Colby C. Sparks & Julia B. Mauk, July 1, 1905. (Book 2, page 328)

Henry D. Sparks & Rebecca Bear, August 17, 1905. (Book 2, page 332) Married at the home of Bruce Sparks.

Sarah Sparks & George Ison, February 20, 1908. (Book 1, page 188) Married at the home of Elisha Sparks.

Marinda Sparks & John Lyon, June 5, 1903. Book 2, page 408) Married at the home of J. C. Sparks.

Mintie Sparks & W. C. Mauk, September 15, 1910. (Book 2, page 412) Married at the home of Elizabeth Sparks. Witness: Milford Sparks.

Jane Sparks & Thurman Johnson, December 24, 1910. (Book 2, page 414)

Alma Sparks & Martin Sparks, October 7, 1911. (Book 2, page 426) Married at the home of Albert Sparks. Witness: Alvin Sparks.

Flora Sparks & Elisha Barker, May 22, 1890. (Book 2, page 428) Witness: Elbert Sparks.

Jane Sparks & Willie Skaggs, July 4, 1912. (Book 2, page 446) Witness: Minta Sparks.

Polly A. Sparks & Dewie Ritchie, (Book 2, page 448)

Rufus Newton Sparks & Anna Ferguson, January 10, 1906. (Book 2, page 336)

Green Sparks & Jane Jones, October 30, 1909. (Book 1, page 180) Witness: Hugh Sparks.

James Franklin Sparks & Nannie Kendall, April 1, 1906. (Book 1, page 188)

Harrison Sparks & Grace Kunsford, August 10, 1910. (Book 2, page 408)

Eli Sparks & Julia Rose, July 13, 1911. (Book 2, page 424)

Monroe Sparks & Susan Ratliff, November 4, 1911. (Book 2, page 432)

Julia Sparks & George Waggoner, September 24, 1903. Married at the home of J. A. Sparks.

L. C. Sparks & Susan Holbrook, August 1, 1889. His father born in N.C. Bondsman: . F. N. Sparks.

James B. Sparks & Amanda Kegley, May 20, 1890. His father born in Carter Co., Ky.

G. W. Sparks & Lucinda Sargant, September 14, 1888. His father born in N.C.



As copied by Annie Walker Burns

[Scanner's Note:  For a corrected list of Sparks Marriage Licenses of Estill County, Kentucky, 1808-1870, see Whole No. 83, Part B, pp 1591-1594]

Isaac Sparks & Annis McGuire, September 18, 1810.
Peggy Sparks & Nathaniel Oldham, May 6, 1812.
Thomas Sparks and Dosha Thomas, September 16, 1812 (Book B, page 52)
   [Scanner's note: The prior item was added per SQ p. 1553.]
James Sparks & Susanna Rogers, 1813.
Amis Sparks & Richard McKinney, February 14, 1813.
Catherine Sparks & Isaac Henry, July 25, 1819.
Franky Sparks & James Crouch, October 28, 1824.
Folly Sparks & Jeremiah Fowler, April 14, 1825.
Thomas Sparke & Patsy Powell, April 20, 1825.
James Sparks & Nancy Newman, December 9, 1825.
Thcsnas Sparks & Polly Sparks, August 7, 1826.
William Sparks & Hannah Skinner, August 11, 1829.
John Sparke & Nancy Eastis, February 3, 1831.
Margaret Sparks & Allen Roberts, June 10, 1835.
Susan Sparks & John Easter, December 31, 1835.
Samuel Sparks & Letty Bonny, February 9, 1837.
Elizabeth Sparks & David Adams, June 9, 1837.
Barnett Sparks & Mary Mirche [?], January 17, 1839.
Polly Sparks & Stephen White, April 14, 1839.
Alfred Sparks & Sally Cole, November 29, 1839.
Joseph Sparks & Malinda Barnes, March 12, 1846.
William Sparks & Susan Ann Bony, March 16, 1847.
John Sparks & Mary Jane Murphy, August 2, 1849.
William Sparks & Sally Ann Crouch, May 2, 1850
Sally Ann Sparks & Thomas Crouch, November 24, 1851.
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Scanned and Edited by James J. Sparks