“He who careth not from whence he came, careth little whither he goeth.” Daniel Webster

VOL.  VIII, NO. 2  JUNE, 1960 

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 [Note:  On the cover appears a sketch of one version of the Sparks Coat of Arms]

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THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, published by The Sparks Family Association.

    Paul B. Sparks, President, 155 N. Hite Ave., Louisville 6, Kentucky.
    William Perry Johnson, Historian-Genealogist, Box 531, Raleigh, North Carolina.
    Russell B. Bidlack, Secretary-Treasurer, l709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

The Sparks Family Association was founded in March, 1953, as a non-profit organization devoted to the assembling of and preserving for posterity all genealogical and historical material pertaining to the Sparks family in America. Membership in the Association is open to all persons connected in any way with the Sparks family, whether by blood, marriage, or adoption, and especially to those interested in genealogical and historical research. Membership falls into three classes: Active, Contributing, and Sustaining. Active membership dues are two dollars per year; Contributing membership dues are three dollars per year; Sustaining membership dues are any amount over three dollars.  All members, whether Active, Contributing, or Sustaining, receive THE SPARKS QUARTERLY as it is published in March, Jume, September, and December. Libraries, genealogical and historical societies, and individuals may subscribe to the QUARTERLY without joining the Association at the rate of two dollars per year. Back issues are kept in print and are available for fifty cents per issue. The first issue of the QUARTERLY was published in March, 1953. The editor from March, 1953, to September, 1954, was Paul B. Sparks; since September, 1954, the editor has been Russell B. Bidlack. The QUARTERLY is printed at the Edwards Letter Shop, 711 N. University, Ann Arbor, Michigan.


By Russell B. Bidlack

On the cover of this issue of The Sparks Quarterly we have reproduced the Sparks coat of arms from a drawing made for us by Lois Weatherspoon West, 640 West Main St., Gallatin, Tennessee. Mrs. West is a talented artist who has specialized in painting coats of arms. She is also a Sparks descendant and has taken a particular interest in the Sparks cost of arms. She has presented your editor with a beautiful painting of the Sparks arms measuring approximately eleven by fourteen inches which he has had framed and which now hangs over his desk. Mrs. West will be pleased to paint the Sparks coat of arms in the same manner for any member of the Association for $5.00 plus 25 cents postage. This is a fraction of what heraldic artists usually charge for such paintings.

Before discussing the Sparks coat of arms, your editor wishes to make it clear that he is no authority on the subject. Were the Association in a position to pay the large fee required, we could have an officer of the College of Arms in England prepare an authoritative report on the granting of and the history of the Sparks arms.  Lacking that opportunity, it has been thought best simply to give the information we have been able to gather thus far.

Let us begin with a brief introduction to the very complex field of heraldry. It all goes back, of course, to the Middle Ages when fighting men were encased in armor. Since the warrior’s face was hidden by his helmet and since the armor of one knight or esquire was little different from that of any other, friend and foe often looked very much alike. Since most of the fighting was done either hand to hand or “horse to horse,” some means of easy identification was essential.  Inasmuch as the shield was the most visible piece of a warrior’s armor, it became the custom to paint on the shield a design which one’s friends would recognize. The same design would be painted or sewed upon the short coat which a knight usually


wore over his armor--hence the term “coat of arms.” To further identify himself, the warrior frequently attached a small object on the top of his helmet, such as a carved animal or other device. Known as the “crest,” this object could often be seen above the din of the battle, and friend could recognize friend.

Although at first each warrior seems to have chosen his own decorative figures to paint on his shield, it gradually became the custom for these to be “granted” by his overlord, whether king, emperor, or prince. These were carefully “registered” to avoid duplications. However, coats of arms were sometimes used for centuries before anyone got around to “granting” them. Even today, in countries where aristocratic titles and the pomp of royalty survive, coats of arms are still granted and registered.

It also became the custom for sons to inherit the father's coat of arms and his crest. Thus these marks of identity came to relate to whole families, not just to individuals. Some families also adopted mottoes--actually war cries used to locate friends during battle. However, the motto frequently changed--often brothers with the same coat of arms would adopt different mottoes. So it is that no single motto is usually identified with one entire family.

Heraldry, which is the study of coats of arms, is foreign to a democratic country such as the United States; there are no facilities for “registering” a coat of arms in Washington. But because most of us descend from families of Western Europe, we may take pride in displaying a coat of arms used by our European relatives. An authority on Heraldry, Roberta McClean, has made the following interesting observation: “There was at one time a general idea that the possession of a coat of arms was a sign of aristocracy, and for that reason many people would not use them for fear of appearing snobbish. Nothing is further from the truth. Family pride is an honorable thing, found in all walks of life. The arms might have been earned by any brave soldier, and to have your own and care for them is no more a sign of snobbishness than to treasure great-grandmother’s best breastpin or grandpa’s watch.”

Since the name Sparks is a British name, it is to the authoritative work entitled Encyclopaedia of Heraldry, or General Armory of England, Scotland, and Ireland that we must go for information on the Sparks ooat of arms. This work was compiled by John Burke and John Bernard Burke; the third edition was published in London in 1847 and describes the coats of arms and crests of about 20,000 families. According to this work, a family named Sparke, with branches in Essex, London, and Plymouth, registered its coat of arms in 1577. The Burkes list other branches of the family which used the same arms, but spelled their name “Sparks” or “Sparkes,” as living in the counties of Suffolk, Norfolk, Surrey, Cornwall, and Devon. Whether all persons named Sparks in America descend from these branches of the family in England is unknown. It is known that Simon Sparks, who settled in New Jersey prior to 1739, used this coat of arms with the motto “Scintillae.”

Because coats of arms were common to the upper classes of all countries of Western Europe, a regular “science” of heraldry was developed by which a description of a coat of arms was equally meaningful to a Frenchman, a German, an Englishman, or an Italian. Thus, a description (called a “blazon”) of a coat of arms in heraldic terms is almost meaningless to one who is unfamiliar with the language of heraldry, the terms having been taken originally from the old Norman-French tongue.

The Burkes described the Sparks coat of arms as follows: “Chequy or and vert, a bend erm. Crest--Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi panther rampant guardant argent spotted with various colours, fire issuing from the ears and mouth, proper.” This means that the shield in the Sparks coat of arms is divided into squares (chequy) of alternately different colors--gold (or) and green (vert). (When represented in black and white, gold is indicated with black dots and green with slanting lines.) The words “a bend erm” mean that two lines extend diagonally across the shield


(“from the Dexter Chief to the Sinister Base”) and that between those two lines is contained one fifth of the “field” which is covered with ermine. The description of the crest is more easily understood. Immediately above the helmet is a golden duoal coronet out of which arises the upper half (demi) of a panther standing upright (rampant), full faced (guardant, meaning “on guard”), silver (argent) and spotted ‘with various colors, with fire coming out of the tiger's ears and mouth--the fire being the natural color of fire (proper).

In many instances, the colors used on a coat or arms were chosen because of their symbolic meanings. Ermine, being white, was embolical of purity and honor.  Gold symbolized generosity and elevation of mind, while green frequently represented the forest, in some cases the king’s forest. Possibly the first Sparks to use this coat of arms was a guard of the king’ s forest, a man of purity and honor, generous and learned.

No motto is given by the Burkea for the Sparks family.

In painting or drawing the coat of arms, it became customary to use what is called mantling, or scrollwork, around the shield and helmet. This is purely decorative and has no particular meaning except to add color to the painting. The mantling represents the cloak worn over the armor by the warrior to protect himself from both sun and rain. This cloak frequently became torn in battle and, since these tears were marks of bravery, they were patched with various colors in order better to display them. In Mrs. West’s painting of the Sparks coat of arms the mantling is gold, with red used for shading.



The following Sparks marriages are taken from a book entitled The Marriage License Bonds of Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1786-1850, by Stratton Nottingham, which was published in Onanock, Virginia, in 1928.

    Richard T. Brown and Lucy Spark, 27 March 1806; Alexander Parker, security.

    George Coates and Polly Spark, 26 April 1834; William George Walker, security.

    James Spark and Hannah Parker, 10 July 1791; Richard Parker, security.

    George Sparks and Ann Sanford Hall, 19 May 1825; Charles Teet, security.

    William Sparks and l~acy Redman, 6 January 1801; Charles Muse, security.



The following Sparks records appear in the Register of St. Phillips Parish, Charlestown, South Carolina which was published by A. S. Salley in 1904.

    Mary Sparks married John Finlay, June 17, 1720.

    Mary Sparks married John Tozer, October 22, 1735.

    James Sparks buried July 24, 1735



(Editor’ a Note: All too few members of the Sparks family have written autobiographies.  One exception to this unfortunate family tendency was William Tennis Sparks who, during his last years, spent many weeks recording his memories of a long and profitable life.   His chief motivation was to preserve for his descendants a record of a lifetime’s experiences during a period in American history which witnessed tremendous changes in nearly every aspect of living. The manuscript of Mr. Sparks's autobiography is now owned by his daughter, Mrs. Helen Sparks Robbins, 1916 Blue Ridge Road, Charlottesville, Virginia. Mrs. Robbins has kindly provided the Association with a microfilm of her father’s life story. Space in the Quarterly will not permit our publishing the entire manuscript, but from time to time we do plan to share with other members of the Association those portions, relating particularly to the early periods of Mr. Sparks’s life, which will prove most interesting. Some information on the ancestry of William Tennis Sparks appeared in Ben Sparks’s “Family Memories” in the December, 1956, issue of the Quarterly (Vol. IV, No. 4, Whole No. 16, pp. 172-175).

William Tennis Sparks was twice married. His first wife was Mary Caroline Beatty of Tipton County, Indiana. By this marriage he had two children, Edith Ann and Martha Adelia. Some years after the death of his first wife he married Lida Swinehart of Adelphi, Ohio. To this marriage there were also born two children: a son Verne, and a daughter, Sarah Helen (now Mrs. Robbins). As an introduction to the excerpts from the autobiograpby, Mrs. Robbins has kindly consented to our publishing a tribute to her father which she wrote in 1949, in the hundredth year of his birth.)


A tribute Helen S. Robbins

My father, William Tennis Sparks, was born one hundred years ago in the little of Laurel, Indiana. At the age of three he was taken by his parents to nearby County to live on a farm. There, together with his brothers and sisters, he was reared to manhood in the manner, and according to the customs, of the place and time.  From his own account, what a happy childhood must have been his and what a liberal education of a kind.

My father’s formal education, however, was very meager. The three R’ a were the backbone of the curriculum of the schools (if one may use such a technical and formal word in referring to the fare offered in the country schools in his day). There was very little meat, and no “trimmin’s.” But of these three R’s my father was master. For over thirty years he taught them in the public schools of Indiana and Ohio (and other subjects too as they were added). In the summer time he usually farmed (as was the common practice among the country school teachers) or turned his hand to any of the thousand and one jobs which needed to be done in the home, on the farm, or in the nearby village. He was very skillful too, and had been taught as a lad to mend and make--not hire and buy. In later years, after the turn of the century, when the demand for formally trained teachers began to be heard on all sides, it was fortunate for him that he had these manual skills. He could never understand going to the store to buy gadgets, though after the purchase of one, he always viewed it with the wonder and curiosity of a child. His own remark was, “Oh!  don’t buy that. That would be costly. I will make it.”

In every spare moment, and in stolen time too, my father read. All printed words to him were “holy writ.” His small library, as I recall it, was made up mostly of large books, bound in leather. They look now like old law books, and bear such titles as “The Complete Works of William Shakespeare,” “The Poetical Works of Milton,” “Byron’s Complete Works,” “Moore’s Complete Works” (all “Illustrated with Engravings


from Drawings by Eminent Artists"); Josephus’ “Complete Works,” Kit Carson’s “Life and Adventures,” and “The Polar and Tropical Worlds.” There were also some smaller volumes of American and English poetry, the Bible, Emerson’s Essays, the McGuffey Readers, some history books and pamphlets, mostly American; a few textbooks on pedagogy, a few textbooks of the sciences, Darwin’s “Origin of Species,” and the Encyclopedia Britannica. All these books were sacred to father. As one friend put it, “Books are gold in this house.” And that this was, in a way, literally as well as figuratively true is indicated by the fact that on the fly-leaf of each book appears, in the penmanship of the day, in which my father excelled (he was especially good in flourishes and feathers): William T. Sparks, His Book, the date of purchase, and sometimes the place, and, nearly always, the price, in large and especially flourishing figures.

As the years passed by, father was often referred to by friends and acquaintances as the “walking encyclopedia,” and many saw in him something of the philosopher. To his own family circle, the philosopher he undoubtedly was. Often, when the conversation at the table was of the froth and the temporal, he would look dreamily into space with his wondering and wonderful dark brown eyes (one admirer said they were like velvet). Then in his turn, he would speak of some impersonal subject which was absorbing his mental processes at the time and which was often utterly irrevelant to the last spoken word.  But everyone, and the young people especially, would listen with profound respect, not as a matter of duty to the aged, but because there was that in his appearance and manner of talking which compelled attention and aroused interest. Ho was a born teacher.

Father was not, however, always lost in philosophic mazes. On the contrary, he was often the life and the soul of the dinner party. If there were guests and father was present, I know they would be well entertained. Besides a native wit and interest in the great panorama of life about him, he had a fund of stories to tell of his early life in Indiana, and he told them well, to everyone’s great amusement and delight. I once read that Thomas Riley Marshall, vice-president in Wilson’s administration, had a similar method and success in entertaining Washington society.

Besides politics and reading, the writing of the story of his life was my father’s major interest after he had passed his eightieth year. Even at this advanced age he was a man of great physical strength and steady nerves, and I can see him sitting at a desk or table, in the house or in the yard, straight and erect and dignified. His were not trembling hands as they held the pen and put on paper the memories of those far-off, happy, happy days. His skin was very smooth, and though he was bald, the fringe of hair remaining was very, very black save for a few gray wisps at the temples.

He always kept on hand a bottle of Higgins’ Black Ink (Eternal, or Everlasting, I believe it was called) which he would remind me to get for him at the store. With this he would print, painstakingly, and for hours on end; transferring in this ancient and monkish way the material on the accumulated pile of written sheets. This printing was done in stiff-backed cloth composition books which he had covered with heavy Manila paper, the better to preserve them.

Naturally, the whole of this story as he has left it to us is of vast interest and importance to his children and grandchildren. I believe parts of it, at least, will interest others. The last half of the nineteenth century, in which the first half of my father’s life was lived, seems now very remote to thousands, perhaps millions, in our land. But there are many of us now living who were reared according to the standards and precepts of the late Victorians and may be said to have our roots in that age so idealistic and naive, despite its “roaring” and its “gaiety.” In this time of turmoil, confusion, and doubt, we often turn with longing to stories of the


days when life was simple, when people seemed to be so sure, and when the road seemed to lie so straight ahead.

As I have stated, my father was born one hundred years ago, in the village of Laurel, in the heart of the Hoosier State. This village lies southeast of the capital, Indianapolis, and not far from Rushville.

In the year 1849, Indianapolis was a city of 7,686 inhabitants. Hon. Joseph A. Wright was the governor of the state, having been elected in December of that year to succeed Gov. James Whitcomb. Zachary Taylor--"Old Rough and Ready"--was the president of the United States, and the Republican Party had not yet been born. Indianapolis is now the second largest capital city in the United States and the home of the dizzy Memorial Day auto races. But in that city in 1849, as elsewhere in the country, there were no automobiles, no electric lights, no movies, no telephones, no radios, no television, no bathrooms. Nevertheless, though all these material things were lacking, the stage was set for the entry of James Whitoomb Riley, Booth Tarkington, and George Ade,  among others--founders and makers of that literary school which was to be called the “literary school of great mellowness.”

This mellowness was also to be found in the popular music of that day. On many parlor organs and on occasional square pianos, with their carved garlands of roses, or on banjos and fiddles, the new and well loved songs of Stephen Foster were played.  And to these accompaniments in the twilight of a summer evening one could hear the untrained, but rich and happy voices singing “Oh! Susanna,” “My Old Kentucky Home,” “Gentle Annie,” “Beautiful Dreamer,” or the lovely, haunting “Jeannie with the Light Brown Hair.”

The dangers of the great primeval forests had been overcome and the fear of them had passed from men’s minds. The year 1846, which Bernard DeVote has named “the Year of Decision,” was past. The great, beautiful, rich new country stretched away to the vast Pacific Ocean and the common man, like “stout Cortez,” looked about him with a “wild surmise.” The Star of Hope was high in the heaven of his world. He was free from tyranny of any kind. He could move as be pleased, speak as he pleased. And with care and industry he could be one of the kings of this new country--a king on his quarter-section of land--along with thousands of other kings like him, none above, and none below. Could this have been his golden age in all the history of the world? At least it was a fine time in which to be born and in which to be alive, and. my father, along with many others, thought so. Despite the gathering storm clouds of the great Civil War, his story of his childhood days tells of simple happiness and hope, which did not diminish through the years, until the coming of the world catastrophe in 1914.

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Birth and Ancestry

Birth, Life, and Death are certain. Every individual that enters this world comes into it by the same natural process. Each and every one goes out of it sooner or later, and “there is no bourne from which the traveler ever returns.” Death is inexorable, for “it is appointed unto man once to die, and after that the Judgment.”

Birth and death are both great mysteries. But it appears to me that Life is the most mysterious of all. It especially grips the mind, engages the thought, and commands the earnest attention of all men. The king upon his exalted throne; the common peasant in his humble mountain home; the poor fisherman in his storm-beaten hut by


[Note:  Here appears a photograph, beneath which appears the following caption:]


Born  December 10, 1849

Died  November 27, 1938

(View photograph)


the sea; are all perpetually absorbed in this momentous subject.  It has been said that “all things have a beginning.” There was a time when all things created, that move, creep or crawl, live and have their being did not exist.

Thus like unto the countless millions that came into existence before my time I had a begining also. The day and date of my nativity, I obtained from my mother. Our birthdates are necessarily imparted to us by our parents, or some authentic person who knows. I do not doubt in the least the accuracy of the date of my advent into the world, which was Deoember 10, 1849. My mother imparted this truth to me at an early time of my life, therefore I believe the date given is absolutely correct.

I first saw the light of day in Laurel, Franklin County, Indiana. The town derived its name from a town of the same name situated in the State of Maryland about midway between Baltimore and Washington, D .C.  The county is named in honor of Benjamin Franklin. The state was so called because of so many Indian tribes that once inhabited that region.

Laurel is located about 18 miles west of the Ohio State line, and 57 miles N. by W. of Cincinnati, and about the same distance S .E. of Indianapolis, the state capital....

The little town has a population of probably six or seven hundred, which has remained practically the same for nearly 80 years. It is beautifully located in the White Water Valley, just west of the river, merging into the Seins Creek bottoms one half mile to the south-west.  That portion of the town immediately west is known as Somerset, a sort of suburb. When passing through Somerset when a lad the Iron Foundry of James O’Hare always attracted my attention. The White Water Canal boats tied up to its banks shared with the foundry my boyish interest.

For eight decades the census enumerators have listed me as a unit in the population of this Great Republic. A large number of my contemporaries have passed into the great beyond. After the lapse of four score and three years, I remain to look out upon life with the accumulated interest of the passing years.

In the year when I was born, Zachary Taylor,--”Old Rough and Ready,”--was President of the United States, but died 7 months later, July 9, 1850. Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, John C. Calhune, Lewis Casa, and many other public men equally distinguished were then living: Emerson, Longfellow, Bryant, Holmes, Lowell, Hawthorne, Audubon, and a host of other famous authors were making the world better for having lived in it. Many happy days have I enjoyed through the years because of their writings and what, by their efforts, they have accomplished for mankind. Anyone who may chance to read this sketch in after years, no doubt will be curious to learn something of my ancestors and immediate relatives. I have often regretted that I neglected in my younger days while yet there was an opportunity to ascertain from Father, Grandfather, and others of my forebears, more information concerning the history of our family.

The facts I possess relating to the Sparks, Purvis, and Davidson Families will be given in the following pages.

The Purvis Family

William Purvis, my great-grandfather, was born in Virginia in 1770. He came to Kentucky not long after Daniel Boone made the first settlement in that state.  I remember him quite well. The last time I saw him was at our house in 1866. He was then 96 and totally blind. He died soon after in Brookville, Ind. I was delighted, when a boy, to hear him tell of the old pioneer days. How he shot panthers, bears,


deer, and wild turkeys with his old flint-lock rifle. I have seen and handled that same old gun. I have long desired to possess it as a relic of early days. The last I heard of it, Francis Purvis, a grandson, had it, who then resided near Galveston, Ind., five miles from Kokomo.

My great-grandfather, Wm. Purvis, came from Kentucky to Indiana in an early day, before it became a state, and settled near where Laurel now is. At that time there were only three houses in Southeastern Indiana. His log cabin, one where Connersville now stands,  and another to the west on Big Blue River. He told of crossing the Ohio River at Fort Washington, now Cincinnati.

It has been claimed that the blood of the American Indian coursed through his veins. At least that is a tradition held by many of his descendants. If this tradition has any foundation, I possess no evidence at present to verify it. However, he had many of the characteristics of the Indian. lie was as straight in form as any dusky warrior, and possessed the same dark piercing eye. Moreover his habits in the wilderness were similar to those of the Red Man.....

He was light of body, and small of stature. Perhaps he was less than 5 feet 5 inches in height. His wife’s maiden name was Jones, who died before my time. They had a family of three sons and two daughters, as I now recall. Their names were as follows:  George, Frank, Rebecca, Nancy, and Jesse. [Data which Mr. Sparks gave on these Pervis children have been omitted from this excerpt from his autobiography..]

Rebecca Purvis (my grandmother) was born in Burbon County, Kentucky, probably in 1807. She resembled her father. She had the same kind of dark, penetrating eyes. As a woman she was of normal size. Her brothers and sisters were all small in stature, somewhat below the average. She was a voluable talker with a wonderful mellow and attractive voice. When she visited us I was delighted to hear her talk. She usually monopolized the conversation, because everyone was willing to listen to her splendid gift of expression. She had a very retentive memory and seldom forgot the minutest detail.

The Sparkses Multipy

I have kown many of the Sparks family of three or four generations.  However, I have not been in touch with many of the name for several years. My great-grandfather Sparks was yet living when I was a lad of six.

I distinctly remember my grandfather coming up to our house from his home near Laurel on his way to visit his father out near Indianapolis on Eagle Creek, where greatgrandfather resided at this time. Grandfather Hugh Sparks was only 50 years of age then, 1856.

Great-grandfather was a native of England. I knew very little of his history; I do not even know his Christian name or when he died. I should have questioned grandfather more concerning him. [Editor’s Note: Recent research proves that Mr. Sparks’s great-grandfather was named David Sparks; from census records it would appear that he was born about 1788; on both the 1850 and 1860 census, David Sparks gave his birthplaoe as Tennessee. He died in 1861. His will was published in the December, 1956, issue of the Quarterly, pp. 175-176.]

Grandfather Hugh. Sparks was born in Somerset, Ky., July 11, 1806, and was reared in Madison County, Ohio, near London. I always believed he was a native of Ohio until I saw him for the last time when he was 82. I then asked him if he was not a native of Ohio. He replied that he was not, but was born in Kentucky, giving me the facts of his birth as stated above.


He [Hugh Sparks] was above the average height, probably 5 feet 11 inches; his form was erect, and he had a very quick step. His eyes were a clear English blue, something of the Nordic type. His hair was rather nondescript. It could be described as a sort of mouse or dust color. He was very industrious, cheerful and kind hearted.

He married Rebecca Purvis in 1825. These grandparents had 10 children, 5 sons and 5 daughters. I saw them all and knew them intimately except two, Albert and George, who both died before my time.

James Sparks, (the firstborn) first saw the light in Connersville, Fayette County, md., June 27, 1826, and died in Waldron, Ind., Jan., 1914, in his 88th year. He was 6 feet tall, and weighed about 185 pounds. His hair in his younger days was nearly black and quite handsome, becoming almost white late in life. Being erect in form, he was strong in body and quite capable of performing much hard work on the farm for many years. He had keen black eyes, a retentive memory greatly resembling his mother. He married Mehetable Davidson, Jan. 1846. Naturally, I will have much to say of both Father and Mother in the chapter telling of my youthful days.

William Sparks (Father’s brother) was born in Franklin Co., Ind., 1828 and died in Rushville, Ind., 1909 in his 81st year. He was near 6 feet in height, erect in form, with black hair and keen black eyes like his mother. He was a deciple of St. Crispen. Ha married Sarah Knots by whom he had a son John, who died in Rushville some years ago, leaving two or three sons, whom I have never seen. [See the Quarterly of December, 1956, Whole No. 16, pp. 172-175, for material on this family.]  “Uncle Bill” as we usually called him, and Aunt Sarah, had an adopted daughter named Hattie, who married a man named Downey. Their daughter married Mr. Bert Matney of New Salem, Ind.....

Martha Sparks (Father’s oldest sister). This aunt resembled her brother William very much, I thought. She married a rather handsome blue-eyed, fair-skinned German by the name of Daniel Urtle. They had a little daughter Elizabeth. Not long after Aunt Martha passed away, young in years, I remember being at their house in Laurel. Little Cousin Lizzie was taken to Winona, Minn., by Mrs. Snider to live with her. I have completely lost all trace of her, not knowing if she is still living or not. No doubt she has long since followed her dear mother to the Spirit Land.

After the Civil War broke out, Uncle Daniel entered the Union Army as a volunteer in the 21st Illinois Regiment, the same commanded by Col. U. S. Grant, who subsequently became the most noted general of the War. Uncle Dan took an active part in the great battle of Stone River or Murfresboro. He was severely wounded in this sanguinary battle.  His thigh bone was badly shattered by a canister shot.  I saw him stretched upon an army cot at Grandfather’s in the summer of 1864 when he us convalesing. I had a long conversation with him concerning that terrific battle.  Sometimes he would sit on the side of his cot and pick pieces of splintered bone from his wound in his thigh with the point of his knife. It was not long before he was able to be up, then joined the Invalid Corps stationed at Madison, Wisconsin. I never heard of him afterward. I often recall, even to this day, the handsome German soldier who shed his blood on a great American Battlefield.

Elizabeth Sparks (2nd sister of Father) married John Williams of Franklin County, who was a bridge carpenter. I remember their two sons, Clinton and Forest.  I think there was another boy, but I do not recall for sure. Aunt Lizzie died comparatively young and Uncle married again. I was at their home in 1869 and remained one night. Since then I have no knowledge of them. The last I heard of the boys, they resided in Lafayette, Indiana.


Malinda Sparks (Father’s 3rd sister) was a beautiful young woman as I now recall her.  When she was near 18, she married Dennis Curran, an Irishman said to be the cousin of the noted John Philpot Curran, Master of the Rolls in Ireland, and one of the most brilliant wits and orators of his day. They had one daughter, Malinda, born I believe in the year 1852. Her mother, like her two older sisters, died very young. In fact she had not reached her 20th birthday when she was taken away from her husband and infant daughter.

After her mother’s death, little Malinda was taken by her grandparents to live with them. She must have been quite young then, for I remember her using a bottle to take her food when I visited Grandfather’s. She had named her bottle “Fox.” I wonder if she still remembers “Fox.”

In the course of time, Uncle Dennis married a Catholic lady of Harrison, Ohio, where they resided. Soon after, they took little Malinda to live with them. They sent her to a Catholic School in Harrison, where she became fairly well educated. After she became almost a young lady, it seems she and her step-mother did not get along agreeably so she left the parental roof and returned to dwell with her grandparents, where she continued to reside until they passed away. After her grandparents were gone, she went to live with our Aunt “Sally” Shafer who was now a widow, and had purchased a modest home in Shelby County, Ind. Aunt Sally having died, Malinda got married, though somewhat advanced in life. She was given the small home by her aunt. Her husband lived but a few years. I knew nothing of him, not even his name.

Malinda is now--of the date Jan. 1, 1933, an inmate of the Old Ladies Home, Waldron, Ind. She is 80 years of age. I had the pleasure of calling on her in August, 1931, and found she had a pleasant home in which to pass her declining days. I will mention her again in the proper connection.

Lury Sparks (Father’s 4th sister) was born about 1840 and was married to Passwell Long in Franklin County. As she stayed at our house a considerable part of her girlhood days, I will have occasion to mention her frequently further on. They had two children, a boy and a girl. The boy was very delicate in health and did not live many years. The daughter married Eli Quaintance, a lightning rod salesman of Lafayette, Ind., where they resided. I saw Mr. Quaintance a time or two in Kokomo, Ind.

Lury Sparks died in her father’s house in the late summer of 1864. Mother and I were there at the time, and attended her funeral. She was buried at Laurel in the beautiful cemetery on the hill. I do not know what became of her husband, who was a brother of Uncle Emanuel Long who married Mother’s sister.

Sarah Sparks (Father’ s youngest sister) was born in Franklin County, md., probably in 1844-5. She was married to Ira Shafer about the beginning of the Civil War. They never had any children. Uncle Ira joined the Union Army as a volunteer in the 68th Regt., Ind. Vol. Infantry. Aunt “Sally,” as we always called her, made her home with her parents while Uncle Ira was away fighting for his country. His regiment us captured near Mumfordsville, Ky. They were paroled and afterwards exchanged.

One Saturday, Wesley and I visited Grandfather’s. To entertain us, Aunt Sally procured a small revolver, a gift from Uncle Ira. We set up a target in the yard, and had much fun and enjoyment in firing at it by turns. It was great sport for us boys. Firearms had a great attraction for me. Of course, in war times almost every boy was crazy to handle and shoot a gun of some description. I remember Aunt Sally’s visit in March, 1863. She brought a copy of The Brookville American with her, in which I read an account of the marriage of Edward Prince of Wales in the City of London, on March 10, 1863. On the death of his mother, Queen Victoria, he became King of England as Edward VII.  He is the father of the present King of England, George V.


Aunt Sally’s last days were spent with Cousin Malinda in Shelby County, Indiana, which fact has already been stated.

Samuel Taylor Jenks Sparks (Father’ a youngest brother) was born about the beginning of 1849, near Laurel, Ind. He died at the home of his niece, Malinda Curran, at the comparative early age of 58. He never married. Being near the age of Wesley and me, we made visits quite frequently before reaching manhood, and enjoyed many sports together, such as hunting, fishing, swiming, etc. We indulged in many kinds of games and boyish ventures in our youthful days.

All of Grandfather’s immediate family long since have “crossed the Bar.” There are only a few, and a very few, who knew any of them. To this small number, they remain now only a lingering memory, objects almost of a forgotten past.


* * * * * * * * * * * * *


(The following inscriptions from tombstones in a cemetery at Glastonbury, Connecticut, were published in volumes 85 and 86 of the New England Historical and Genealogical Register.)

Isaac, son of Thomas & Mary Sparks, d. 5-22-1751 in his 20th year.

Deborah, wife of Elijah Sparks, d. 5-16-1824.
        Fidealla, their dau,, d. 7-3-1821, age 3 mos.

Children of Reuben & Mary Sparks:
        Isaac d. 10-29-1779, 8th year.
        Sarah d. 10-23-1779, 11th year.
        Abigail d. 10-9-1779, 2nd year.

Elijah Sparks, d. 2-25-1848, age 63 years.
        Pamelia Fox, his wife, d. 4-6-1863, age 76 years.

Nathan Sparks, d. 3-8-1832, age 57 years.
        Lucinda, his wife, d. 2-5-1868, age 89 years.

Mary B. Sparks, d. 4-22-1885, age 70 years.

William C. Sparks, d. 10-1-1882, age 78 years.
        Emeline, his wife, d. 4-3-1850, age 44 years.
        Children of William C. & E. Sparks:
                Caroline M., d. 4-25-1829, age 18 mos.
                Infant dau. d. 1830.

Helen Bailey Sparks, d. 3-14-1859, age 23 years. Buried at Albany.

Emeline N. Sparks, d. 6-5-1861, age 21 years.

Laura W. Sparks, d. 8-4-1863, age 28 years.


[NOTE:  A photograph appears at the top of page 482 beneath which is the following caption:]

(View photograph)


Mr. O. A. Sparks of Clio, Iowa, recently sent your editor (who is Mr. Sparks's son-in-law) a photograph of considerable historic value.  Because your editor believes it will be of interest to other members of the Association, especially those go back to threshing time half a century ago, it has been reproduced above.

This picture was taken near Mr. Sparks’ s home in Wayne County, Iowa, some fifty years ago.  Mr. Sparks believes that he is the middle man on the stack and that the man on his right is his father, Joim Garland Sparks (1851-1923). The man farthest to the left on the ground, is John Hughes, Mr. Sparks’s cousin, and the man next to him is Wilbur Lane, another cousin. The man on the wagon, with his arm upraised, is Dave Williams, a brother-in-law of Mrs. Sparks. He waved just as the camera snapped so the photograph doesn’t show his hand.

Of particular interest is the old-type straw carrier on the threshing machine, the platform on which the band-outter stood, and, of course, the mechanism for transmitting the horse-power to the machine through an iron tumbling-rod.

This photograph was taken about 1910 by Fred Lane, a cousin of Mr. Sparks, who now lives in Memphis, Tennessee. Mr. Lane has been an amateur photographer for well over half a century.  When Mr. Sparks requested an enlargement of this picture, Mr. Lane had no difficulty locating the negative.



Compiled by Paul E. Sparks

(Continued from page 468)

Putnam County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Jefferson Township
(p. 468) Allen, David E.   57  (M) Pennsylvania    $4040 
14-14      "     Elizabeth A.  46  (F) Kentucky
    "     Autin [sic]  12  (M) Indiana
    "     Harrison   9  (M)      "
    "     Shelby B.   5  (M)      "
Sparks, Elizabeth  22  (F)      "

  Cloverdale Township
(p. 549) Lyon, Greenburg   35  (M) Virginia  Blacksmith   
56-56     "     Lucinda  36  (F) Kentucky
   "     Minerva  11  (F)      "
   "     John W.   9  (M)      "
   "     Mary E.   7  (F)      "
   "     Martha J.   5  (F)      "
   "     James A.   2  (M)      "
Sparks, Harvey  24  (M)      " Blacksmith $100

Ripley County, Indiana - 1850 Census

(p. 229½) Sparks, Ephriam  35  (M)  Ohio  Farmer   
186-186       "       Sarah Ann  33  (F) Kentucky
     "       Saml.  12  (M)      "
     "       Caleb   9  (M)      "
     "       James   8  (M)      "
     "       Christina   5  (F) Indiana
     "       Rebecca   4  (F)      "
     "       Susanna   1  (F)      "

Rush County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Jackson Township
(p. 559) Sparks, John   43  (M) South Carolina  Bap. Clergyman  $6000 
       "       Elizabeth  43  (F)      "
     "       Mary  21  (F) Indiana
     "       Charlotte  20  (F)      "
     "       Amanda  18  (F)      "
     "       Martha A.  15  (F)      "
     "       Jane  13  (F)      "
     "       Rebecca O.  12  (F)      "
     "       Wilson T.  11  (M)      "
     "       John J.   9  (M)      "
     "       Sarah   8  (F)      "
     "       William T.   1  (M)      "
Gibson, William  22  (M)      " Farmer


Shelby County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Addison Township
(p. 337½) Sparks, Noah   43  (M) Ohio     
116-116      "       Susan  42  (F) Indiana
     "       Lafayette  13  (M)      "
     "       Theodore  10  (M)      "
     "       Susan   6  (S)      "
     "       Hercial   5  (M)      "
     "       Lanner E.   2  (F)      "

(p. 348½) Sparks, Benj. A.   33  (M) Ohio  Tailor  $600 
62-62       "       Mary  31  (F) Kentucky
     "       Paulina V.  10  (F) Indiana
     "       Henry   8  (M)      "
     "       Benj. F.   4  (M)      "
     "       Amos   1  (M)      "
     "       Amanda  17  (F) Ohio
Terwilliger, J. N.  33  (M) New York Teacher

(p. 350½) Sparks, Amos   64  (M) Maryland  Shoemaker   
43-43      "       Nancy Ann  61  (F) Indiana [?]
Falstead, Mary Ann  30  (F) Ohio

Tippecanoe County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   4th Ward, Lafayette
(p. 183) Sparks, Emily   39  (F) New York     
1239-1239       "       Charles H.  16  (M)    "        " Printer
     "       Francis  14  (M)    "        "
     "       Orange  10  (M)    "        "
     "       Warren   9  (M) Ohio
Charter, O. W.  53  (M) New York Grocer

   5th Ward, Lafayette
(p. 217) Sparks, William   50  (M) Pennsylvania Farmer  $400 
1455-1455      "       Catherine  44  (F)          "
     "       Mary  21  (F)          "
     "       Robert  19  (M)          "
     "       Francis  17  (M)          "
     "       William  16  (M)          "
     "       James  15  (M)          "
     "       Peter  13  (M) Indiana
     "       Caly [?]   7  (F)      "
     "       Isaac   5  (M)      "
     "       Reuben   4  (M)      "
     "       Ellen   2  (F)      "
Pickerel, Hanna   19  (F)      "
     "        Harris   2  (M)      "
Louis, George  20  (M) Ohio


 Tipton County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Cicero Township
(p. 91) Sparks, James   52  (M) Kentucky  Farmer  $400 
139-139       "       Elizabeth  47  (F)      "
     "       Thomas  21  (M)      "
     "       Clarissa  18  (F)      "
     "       William  16  (M)      "
     "       Martha Jane  14  (F) Indiana
     "       Melissa A.  13  (F)      "
     "       James  10  (M)      "
     "       Angeline   5  (F)      "
     "       Nancy   3  (F)      "

Vermillion County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Clinton Township
(p. 9) Sparks, Joseph   24  (M) Maryland  Farmer   
117-121      "       Phoebe  21  (F) Kentucky
     "       Mearthy 4/12   (F) Indiana

   Highland Township
(p. 57) Sparks, Daniel   48   (M) Maryland  Farmer  $3000 
(156-156)      "       Mary Ann  35  (F) Ohio
       "       William  17   (M) Indiana
     "       Samuel  15   (M)      "
     "       Margaret  10  (F)      "
     "       Joseph   4  (M)      "
     "       George   5  (M)      "
     "       Warner   2  (M)      "

Vigo County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Honey Creek Township
(p. 142) McCray Pheby   23   (F) Kentucky    
 175-182       "      Ursuila   5  (F) Indiana
      "      William   4   (M)      "
Sparks, Elizabeth  20  (F) Kentucky
     "       Richard  70  (M) Virginia Farmer $600

(p. 143) Sparks, Benjamin  20   (M) Kentucky Farmer  $600 
       "       Nancy  26  (F) Indiana
     "       John   5  (M)      "
     "       Rachel   4  (F)      "
     "       Mary   1  (F)      "

194-203 Sparks, Daniel   63   (M) Kentucky Farmer  $120 
       "       Jemima  63  (F)  Virginia
Easter, Nancy   6  (F) Indiana


Vigo County, Indiana - 1850 Census, Continued:

   Lost Creek Township
(p. 162) Sparks, William   30  (M) Kentucky  Farmer  $800 
11-11       "       Eveline  40  (F)      "
Mahan, Samuel  18  (M)      "
     "      Catherine  16  (F)      "
     "      Mary A.  14  (F)      "
     "      Louis   12  (M)      "
     "      Marcicia   9  (F)      "

(p. 163) Sparks, Ezra  55  (M) Kentucky  Farmer  $500 
31-32       "       Catherine  48  (F)      "
     "       Emily  30  (F)      "
     "       Ephriam  14  (M) Indiana
     "       Batman [?]  10  (M)      "
     "       Isaac   6  (M)      "
Moore, Nelson  16  (M)      " Labourer

(p. 164) Sparks, Samuel  28  (M) Kentucky Farmer  $300 
37-39       "       Jane  28  (F) Indiana
     "       Andrew 1/12  (M)      "

39-41 Sparks, George   35  (M) Kentucky  Farmer  $350 
       "       Sarah  30  (F) Indiana
     "       John G.   8  (M)      "
     "       Laticia   4  (F)      "
     "       Alla C.   2  (F)      "
Christy, Thomas  18  (M)      " Farmer

   Pierson Township
(p. 199) Sparks, Benjn.   72  (M) Indiana  Farmer   
97-100       "       Joseph  28  (M) Pennsylvania Farmer $150
     "       Sarah  22  (F) Kentucky
     "       Martha   1  (F) Indiana
                    (Note:   The census taker, in recording the above family, used ditto marks in the birthplace column
                    to indicate that Benjn. Sparks was born in Indiana; the marks were probably made in error, since
                    Indiana was not a state until 38 years after his birth; the ditto marks were probably made in error
                    and Benjn. Sparks was probably born in Pennsylvania.)

    Harrison Township
(p. 242) Sparks, Nimrod C.   40  (M) Kentucky  Millinery store  $3600 
381-410       "       Penelope  40  (F)        "
     "       Henry  13  (M) Indiana
     "       Mary C.   5  (F)      "
     "       Margaret C.   3  (F)      "
Tiller, Angeline  22  (F) Kentucky
    "     Mary  35  (F)         "


Vigo County, Indiana - 1850 Census, Continued

   Harrison Township, continued:
(p. 245) Sparks, Alexander   23  (M)  Kentucky  Shoemaker   
414-448       "       Louisa  24  (F)
     "       James   3  (M)
     "       George M.   1  (M)
Atol, Elizabeth  29  (F)
Sparks, Richard  22  (M) Merchant
Walker, John  25  (M) Ireland Laborer

(p. 256) Sparks, Samuel K.   64  (M) Kentucky  Bapt. Preacher  $5000 
597-640       "       Catherine  62  (F) Pennsylvania
Pounds, Henry  16  (M) Kentucky Farmer
Carr, Elizabeth  15  (F) Indiana

(p. 271) Simons, William   63  (M) Maryland  Farmer  $800 
822-870      "       Barbary  62  (F)      "
Sparks, Susan A.  15  (F)      "
Minton, Owen  12  (M) Indiana
     "       Daniel  11  (M)      "
Coolman, Frederic  12  (M) Maryland
Snyder, Cornelia  10  (F) Indiana

   Linton Township
(p. 277) Sparks, Preston   31  (M) Kentucky  Farmer   
25-25       "       Rachel Ann  25  (F)      "
     "       Hannah M.   8  (F) Indiana
     "       Mary Ann   6  (F)      "
     "       Winfield S.   2  (M)      "
     "       T. J.   2  (M)      "

(p. 278) Sparkes, Smith   37  (M) Kentucky Farmer $300 
39-39       "        Emily  35  (F)      "
     "        Darwin  14  (M) Indiana
     "        Virgil  12  (M)      "
     "        William  10  (M)      "
     "        Tho.   7  (M)      "
     "        Sarah   5  (F)      "
     "        M. C.   2  (F)      "
(p. 278) Sparkes, Ben [?]   39  (M) Kentucky     
42-42       "        Lucinda  39  (F)      "
     "        David  18  (M) Indiana
     "        Sml.  16  (M)      "
     "        Penelope  14  (F)      "
     "        Alonzo  12  (M)      "
     "        Nancy Ann  11  (F)      "


Vigo County, Indiana - 1850 Census, Continued:

   Linton Township, Continued:
(p. 278) Stone, John   40  (M) Virginia     
49-49      "     Lucinda   24  (F) Indiana
     "     Louisa    4  (F)      "
     "     Adaline    3  (F)      "
     "     Margaret    2  (F)      "
     "     Jane  2/12  (F)      "
Sparks, Mary Jane   9  (F)      "
     "       John Burton   6  (M)      "
     "       Emily C.   4  (F)      "
     "       Abner   2  (M)      "
     "       Richard   2  (M)      "

(p. 283) Sparkes, Hiram   42   (M) Kentucky  Farmer  $1200 
100-100      "        Laura  40  (F)      "
     "        Mary T.  20  (F) Indiana
     "        Albert W.  19  (M)      "
     "        Ri [sic]  17  (M)      "
     "        Richard M.  14  (M)      "
     "        Virginia Ann  14  (F)      "
     "        Fatore  12  (M)      "
     "        Peter  10  (M)      "
     "       Hulda K.   8  (F)      "
     "       Ira F.   6  (M)      "
     "       Lattisha   2  (F)      "

Page 666. Washington Township, 17 September 1850.

201-201 SPARKS, Matthew  35  (M) Farmer Kentucky $200 
         "          Lucy  35 (F) Indiana
       "          John  13 (M)       "
       "          Sarah  12 (F)       "
       "          Weden  11  (M)       "
       "          Nancy    9 (F)       "
       "          Chloe    7 (F)       "
       "          Mary A.    6 (F)       "
       "          William    5 (M)       "
       "          Benjamin M.    4 (M)       "
       "          Noble    2 (M)       "
       "          Jesse 6/12 (M)       "

(p. 286) Sparks, Charles B.   20  (M) Indiana     
144-144       "       Heldanita   16  (F)      "
     "       William P.   1  (M)      "

 (p. 766)  Monroe Township, 20 October, 1850
11-11  Sparks, Thomas   39  (M) Kentucky Farmer $900 
     "       Rebecca  39  (F)      "
     "       Marget  15  (F) Indiana
     "       Rebecca J.  14  (F)      "
     "       Nancy  12  (F)      "
     "       Robert   7  (M)      "
[Note:  The last three names in the above family appear on page 489 of the Sparks Quarterly)


Wayne County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Gallia Township
(p. 96) Sparks, John   49  (M) Virginia  Farmer  $700 
310-310       "       Sarah  38  (F)      "
     "       Harmon  12  (M)      "
     "       Rebecca  10  (F)      "
     "       Barbary   7  (F)      "
     "       Joseph   5  (M)      "

Wells County, Indiana - 1850 Census

   Rock Creek Township
(p. 352) Sparkes, Aaron   41  (M) Carolina Farmer  $1550 
26-26       "        Hulda  36  (F)      "
     "        Lydia  15  (F) Indiana
     "        Wm. R.  13  (M)      "
     "        Sarah   7  (F)      "

(p. 354) Sparkes, Solomon   23  (M) Indiana  Farmer  $1200 
60-60      "        Susanah  21  (F)      "
     "        Henry C.   2  (M)      "
     "        Isaac   1  (M)      "

61-61 Sparkes, Solomon   58   (M) Carolina  Farmer  $5000 
       "        Isabel  57  (F)      "
     "        John  22  (M) Indiana 
     "        Isaac  20  (M)      "
     "        Jackson  18  (M)      "
Rogers, Nathan  31  (M) Ohio
     "       Leroy   5  (M)   "

(p. 356) Roberts, Robert   39  (M) Kentucky  Farmer   
73-73       "        Abigail  35  (F) Carolina
     "        Rebecca  13  (F) Ohio
     "        James  10  (M) Indiana
     "        Martha   7  (F)      "
     "        John   2  (M)      "
Sparkes, Albert  11  (M)      "
     "        Mary   9  (F)      "
Swaim, Sarah   25  (F) Carolina

   Notingham Township
(p. 359) Sparks, Rowland   33   (M) Pennsylvania  Farmer  $200 
       "       Irena  23  (F) Canada
     "       James H. 2/12  (M) Indiana



(Editor’s Notes During the first half of the eighteenth century, there were probably more persons named Sparks living in Queen Anne's County, Maryland, than in any other section of America. Today, many thousands of Sparkses living all over the United States descend from these pioneers in Queen Anne’s County. The earliest Sparks will found there thus far is the one given here. It was copied from the recorded copy by William Perry Johnson.)

    In the name of God amen I John Sparks being Sick and Weak in Body but of perfect Sence of mind and memory for the  avoiding suits at Law or controversies that may happen after ir~r Death do make and ordain and declare this to be my Last  will and Testament herby Revoaking all wills formerly made as Vizt

    1st - I bequeath my Soul into the hands of Almighty God my Saviour hopeing by his precious Blood to obtain Remission and forgiveness of all my Sins - and my Body to be Desently Buried at the Discretion of my Executrix hereafter named.

    2ndly - I give to my Beloved wife Ellinor Sparks after my Just Debts paid my whole & small : ? ~ Estate to her heirs or assignes.

    3rdly - I give to my Sons John and George Sparks one hundred acres of Land Called Bucks hill provided Either of them Comes to enjoy it.

    4thly - I do Constitute and appoint my wife Ellinor Sparks my whole and Sole Executrix of this my Last will & Testmt In wittness hereunto I have Sett my hand and affixed my Seal the 2 day of September 1699 -
Signed Seald and Delivrd & Declared                                                         John    S   Sparks
to be my Last Will & Testament in the                                                                    mark
presence of us
                    Jno. Salter
                   Thos  T  Prestige
                Elizab  /////    Robinson
                                                             On the back of the aforegoing Will was
                                                             thus Written as follows Vizt

                                                                          Janry the 3d 1701 -
County Kent
                Than Came the within named John Salter, Thomas Prestidge, & Eliza Robinson Wittnesses to the Wth- in Will and made oath upon the holy Evangelist that they Did See the within John Sparks Signe & Seale the Within Will and Declare the Same to be his Last Will & Testamt
                                                                                                                    Elias King Depty County Kent Couty
Letters Testafy same time Granted to the Within one word illegible

Warrt to appraisers Vizt Mr. Jno Salter & Mr. James Smith

(Note: The third item in the above will is somewhat ambiguous. It probably means that John and Ellinor Sparks had come to Maryland late in life and had left their sons. John and George, in England, that if these sons later come to America, they shall inherit the property. Neither of these sons has been identified in later records.  REB)


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