“He who careth not from whence he came, careth little whither he goeth.” Daniel Webster


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[Here appear two photographs, beneath which is the following caption:]

Reuben Sparks (1799—1878)    and his wife   Phoebe (Blackburn) Sparks (1807—1892)

Reuben Sparks was the son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks

He and his wife lived and died near Trap Hill

in Wilkes County, North Carolina

(View left photograph) (View right photograph)


 THE SPARKS QUARTERLY, published by The Sparks Family Association
 Paul E. Sparks, President, 155 N. Hite Ave., Louisville 6, Kentucky
 Oral A. Sparks, Vice-President, R.F.D. Clio, Iowa
 Melva (Sparks) Bidlack, Sec’y.-Treas., 1131 Granger Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich.
 William Perry Johnson, Historian-Genealogist, Box 531, Raleigh, N.C.
 Russell E. Bidlack, Editor, 1131 Granger Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan.


by William Perry Johnson

(Continued from VoL III, No. 1, Whole No. 9, page 61)

(Editor's s note: In the following documents, capitalization and punctuation have been modernized for the sake of clarity, but no changes have been made in spelling or content. The file number given to the application papers of John Sparks in The National Archives is S-7580.)

State of North Carolina)
County of Wilkes ) SS

On this 30th day of October 1832 personally appeared in open Court before the Court of Pleas A Quarter Sessions of the County of Wilkes & State of North Carolina, now setting, John Sparkes, Esquire, a resident of the County of Wilkes & State of North Carolina, aged seventy-nine years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath, make the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.

That he was born on the 25th day of February 1753 in the County of Rowan in the State of North Carolina, where he lived until he removed with his father to what is now Wilkes (then Surry) County, N.C., about the year 1772. He resided in Wilkes until the commencement of the Revolution, and about the year 1775 or 1776 he volunteered himself and entered the service of the United States in Captain Jesse Walton's company of minute men who had volunteered for two years. Soon after the company was organized, they were called upon to go against the Scotch & Tories who were said to be committing great depredations in the country around Cross Creek or Fayetteville. At the time the company marched, this Deponent happened to be from home, but as soon as he returned, and being informed that they had gone, he took his horse & pursued with all speed, hut did not overtake them; having heard that the Tories were suppressed and the troops on their return, he immediately turned about & returned home.

Soon after this he was ordered out by Captain Walton, to lake command of a scouting. party & scour the country around through Surry & Wilkes & to suppress the Tories or to bring in such as was supposed to be disaffected. In these little expeditions, he supposes he was in service two or three weeks. After remaining at home some months, orders were received from Colo. Martin Armstrong to repair and rendezvous at the head of the Yadkin, preparatory to marching against the Cherokee Indians. They did rendezvous at or near the head of Yadkin, and there remained until they built Fort Defiance where Gen'l. Wm. Lenoir now lives, during which time this Deponent had the command of the company, Capt. Walton having been appointed a Major.

About the time the Fort was completed, orders were received from Major Walton for the company to return home and prepare for an expedition against the Cherokee Indians. This Deponent and the company under his command did return home, having been gone about a month., with all possible despatch to go against the Indians, and in a few days marched to headquarters at the Pleasant Gardens where they joined Genl.


Rutherford, at which time the company, under the command of this Deponent, was attached to the company under the command of Capt. Benjn. Cleveland and the entire command transferred to Capt. Cleveland. After organizing at headquarters, they marched immediately to the Cherokee Towns of Watauga, Cowee, Oconoluftee. Hiwassee, Tuckaseegie & Big Chota, with some others not recollected. This deponent was detailed while in the Nation, with others, to act as a spy, and on one occasion their party fell in with a small body of Indians on the Hiwassee, with whom they had an. engagement in which they killed ten & took three prisoners, without losing any men on their side. After this little skirmish they returned to the main array with their prisoners and delivered them up to GenI. Rutherford. The main body of Indians having fled and abandoned the country, it was thought unnecessary to pursue them, and after burning their houses, destroying their corn, and committing such other depredation upon them as they could, they returned to North Carolina, where they were discharged and returned home, having been gone about three months.

Soon after the return of this Deponent he was again called out and served in various short expeditions against the Tories, but the particular periods of each cannot now be recollected. About the time Lord Cornwallis was approaching North Carolina from the South, this Deponent was again called upon and marched, under the command of Colo. Benjamin Herndon, in pursuit of Lord Cornwallis as he was on his march from Cowans Ford on the Catawba to Guilford, and occasionally annoyed and kept in check his out-posts and foraging parties, one of whom they captured amounting to twenty or thirty men and detailed them prisoners until they were sent off to Virginia. This deponent and the troops with whom he was associated, pursued their march until they reached Genl. Green's army at the high rock on Haw River, where they remained several days after which Genl. Green discharged them, and they returned home, having been gone in this expedition at least one month.

In a few days after their return home, this Deponent was again called out with others to march in pursuit of Lord Cornwallis who had retreated to Wilmington. They marched immediately and rendezvoused under Genl. Rutherford some distance on this side of Fayetteville. After organizing, Genl. Rutherford detached near four hundred mounted men, of whom this Deponent was one, and placed them under the command of Col. Smith & Major Graham, and ordered then to proceed down on the south side of Deep & Cape Fear Rivers until they reached Wilmington; while he (Genl. Rutherford), with the balance of the troops, crossed the river and proceeded down on the north side, Previous to their arrival at Wilmington, they heard that Cornwallis had left the place, but that he had left a portion of the British troops to keep possession of the town. Before, however, they reached the town, a small detachment was sent ahead to reconnoitre and ascertain the situation of the place. When they returned, it was ascertained that most of the troops were on the northern side of the river, but that a small body had been left on the south to act as a paquet guard, upon whom Cob. Smith marched and surprised., and succeeded in killing and taking every man without surprizing the camp.

In a day or two, Genl. Rutherford arrived on the north side of the river, about which time the news of the surrender of Lord Cornwallis was received, upon which the British troops immediately evacuated the town and made their escape down the river in the night. The small pox having been left in Wilmington by the British, it was deemed unsafe for the troops to enter the place, and a discretion was given to the troops to return home or remain with Genl. Rutherford. Many did return home, of whom this Deponent was one, having been gone in this expedition nearly three months, (& having volunteered for three months would have remained that length of time, but for the smallpox breaking out as before mentioned.)

The capture of Lord Cornwallis being considered the closing scene of the war, this Deponent was not again called upon to perform any other service. He has no documentary evidence to prove his services, nor never received a written discharge that he has any recollection of. He refers to Captain Samuel Johnson as a witness who can testify to part of his services. And he aso refers to Captain Samuel Johnson & Reuben Sparkes as persons to whom he is well acquainted in his neighborhood, and who can testify as to his character for veracity, and their belief of his services. This Deponent has no record of his age, but the information herein given on that subject was derived from his mother many years ago, and he


bebieves it to be correct. He hereby rebinquishes every claim whatsoever to a pension or annuity except the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Sworn to & subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
  [signed] John Sparks 

R. Martin, Cbk.

On the day and year aforesaid, personally appeared in open Court before the Court aforesaid, Capt. Saml. Johnson, who being first duly sworn according to law, deposeth & saith that he served with John Sparkes, Esqr., the above Applicant, during the three months tour performed under Genl. Rutherford to the Cherokee Nation, and further that the said three months tour as set forth & specified in the foregoing declarat ion as having been performed by the said John Sparks, Esqr., was performed by him.
Sworn to & subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
[signed] R. Martin Clk. [signed] Saml. Johnson

We, Saml. Johnson & Reuben Sparkes, residents of the County of Wilkes & State of North Carolina, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with John Sparkes, Esqr. who has subscribed & sworn to the above declaration - - that we believe him to be seventy-nine years of age- - that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion.
[signed] Saml Johnson
[signed] Reuben Sparks

And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion after the investigation of the matter, and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War Department that the above applicant was a Revolutionary soldier and served as he states. And the Court further certifies that it appears to them, that Capt. Saml. Johnson and Reuben Sparkes who have signed the preceding certificate are residents of the County of Wilkes and are credible persons, and that their statement is entitled to credit.
[signed] Jno Walsh Ck Ct

Amended Declaration:
State of North Carolina)
Wilkes County  )

Wilkes County ) Personally appeared before me, the undersigned, a Justice of the Peace in and for the County aforesaid, John Sparkes, Esqr., who, being duby sworn, deposeth and saith that by reason of old age, and the consequent loss of memory, he cannot swear positively as to the precise length of his service, but according to the best of his recollection he served not less than the periods mentioned below, and in the following grades: For “Eight Months and twenty-one days” I served as a Private, and for such service I claim a pension. This deponent further saith by way of amendment to the foregoing declaration, that there is no clergyman residing in his neighborhood nor any within a reasonable distance whose testimony he could procure in favour of his veracity and their belief of his services as a soldier of the Revolution.

Sworn to & subscribed this 23d day of May 1833 before me, N. H. Wheatbey, J.P.
  [signed] John Sparks 




By William Perry Johnson

As John Sparks stated in his pension application, he was born on the 25th of February 1753, near Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina, and removed with his father to what is now Wilkes (then Surry) County, North Carolina, about the year 1772. John Sparks did not identify his father in his application, but other records prove that his name was Solomon Sparks. Surry County was formed from Rowan County in 1770, and the Surry tax lists for 1771 and 1772 have been preserved. On the 1771 tax list, Solomon Sparks is listed, with 3 polls, and William Sparks, with 1 poll. In 1772 only Solomon Sparks is listed, with 3 polls. The 1774 Surry tax List enumerated four Sparks families: William Sparks, with 1 poll; Will Sparks and son Matthew, 2 polls; James Sparks, 1 poll; and Solomon Sparks, with sons Joseph and John, 3 polls. These four families were undoubtedly closely related, but this account will be limited to the family of John Sparks, son of Solomon. (The Matthew Sparks who is listed in the 1774 tax list with his father, Will Sparks, was the great great-grandfather of our Vice-President, Oral A. Sparks.)

Solomon Sparks lived in Maryland before settling in North Carolina and was very probably the son of Joseph Sparks who died intestate in Frederick County, Maryland, in 1749. (Note that Solomon named his eldest son Joseph, probably for his father. Note also that the Solomon Sparks whose pension application was reproduced in the March, 1955, issue of the QUARTERLY was born in Frederick County, Maryland, in 1758.

On the 20th of March 1750, Solomon Sparks patented 93 acres in Frederick County. Maryland, and gave his land the descriptive name of Cold Friday. This land was located on Beaver Dam Branch, a tributary of Linganore Creek. On the 20th of June 1753, Solomon Sparks and wife, Sarah, sold these 93 acres for 34 Pounds, to Mathew Howard. Solomon is designated in this deed as a “farmer”. If Solomon Sparks and wife Sarah were living in Frederick County, Maryland, as late as June 20, 1753, as this deed would indicate, then their son John, born Feb. 25, 1753, was born in Frederick County, Maryland, rather than in Rowan County, North Carolina, and was carried to North Carolina as a babe in arms. Although we cannot be sure of the exact date, it is reasonably certain that Solomon Sparks removed with his family sometime in 1753 to near Salisbury, Rowan Co., N.C. (Rowan County was formed April 12, 1753, from Anson County.)

The following description of Salisbury is found in a letter written on November 28, 1755, by Governor Arthur Dobbs: “The Yadkin here (Trading Ford) is a large beautiful river where is a ferry. It is near 300 yards over, it was at this time fordable scarce coming to the horses bellies. At 6 miles distance I arrived at Salisbury, the County town of Rowan, the town is but just laid out, the Court House built and 7 or 8 log Houses erected,” (The Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. 5, page 355 ) The 1950 populatIon of Salisbury was 20,102.

The Sparkses settled in the Forks of the Yadkin, less than ten miles north of Salisbury, in what is now Davie Co., N.C. Solomon Sparks obtained a land grant in 1762. for 250 acres in Rowan County, on the west side of the Yadkin River, opposite the mouth of Muddy Creek. In 1762 he obtained a grant for 290 acres on the south side of the Yadkin River, which adjoined his other land. In 1763 Solomon sold 130 and 3/4 acres to Jonas Sparks, and 159 and l/4 acres to Valentine Vanhouser. According to the statement made by John Sparks in his pension application, Solomon Sparks and his family removed from Rowan County to “what is now Wilkes (then Curry), N.C., about the year 1772.” In 1727, as residents of Surry Co., N.C., Solomon and Sarah


Sparks sold 160 acres in Rowan County to Zephemiah Harris, and in 1768 they sold 170 (?) acres in Rowan County to Jonas Sparks. Solomon and Sarah Sparks disappear from North Carolina records after 1788. Solomon does not appear on the 1790 census, and there is no will, no intestate record, and no record of Solomon and Sarah Sparks buying or selling land in Surry or Wilkes Counties, although when the SurryWilkes County Line was surveyed in 1778 it mentioned the plantation of Solomon Sparks. A full copy of this interesting document is given below:
  Wilkes Co., N.C., Court Minutes, 1778 - “A Return of the Proceedings of the Commissioners who were appointed to Run the Deviding line between the County of Surry and Wilkes - (To Wit) Beginning on Rowan County line about half a mile below Daniel Rashes at a White Oak Standing in the head of a Branch of Hunting Creek thence North Crossing the mulberry Field Road about half a Mile below Hamlin’s Old Store House thence through Solomon Sparke's Plantation leaving the said Sparks House in Surry County thence Crossing the Brushey mountains at the head of the north fork of Swan Creek thence Crossing the Yadkin River a little below Capt. Parkes and through the Lower end of Carrols Plantation on the north side of sd River, then crossing the Big Elkin at the long sholes thence Crossing the south fork of Mitchels River about half a mile above Riggs’s Road, thence Crossing Mitchels River a little below John Scott’s Crossing the Top of the Piney Knob to the main Ridge of the Mountains about Two miles west of Fisher Peak thence to the Virginia line. The above line being Run exactly Twenty Six miles west of Surry Courthouse agreeable to Act of Assembly.” 

Thus, Solomon Sparks lived just south of the village of Swan Creek in the western part of Surry (now Yadkin) County, North Carolina, with land in Wilkes as well as in Surry. Around 1800 the Sparkses and their connections owned land for several miles along the Surry (now Yadkin) -Wilkes County line, and there are still many descendants in that area today.

It is believed that Solomon and Sarah Sparks were both deceased by 1800, or possibly by 1790. Since neither of them left a will, and no family Bible or other record has been located, it has been difficult to ascertain the names of the children of this couple. However, a power of attorney recorded in Wilkes County, NC., Court Minutes, on Tuesday, August 4, 1801, gives what we feel certain is a listing of at least eight of the children of Solomon and Sarah Sparks. This instrument reads as follows: “A Letter of Attorney from John Sparks, Reuben Sparks, Solomon Sparks, Mary Jacks, Hannah Denny, Susannah Johnson and Joseph Sparks to Abel Sparks, dated 31st July 1801, was proven by Thomas Benge” (Susannah (Sparks) Johnson and her husband, Charles Johnson, are the great-great-great-great- grandparents of William Perry Johnson, author of this sketch). We know that John Sparks was born in 1753 and that Abel Sparks was born in 1767, so assuming that the eight persons named in the above power of attorney were listed in their order of birth, which is quite possible, we would have: (1) John, born 1753; (2) Reuben, born about 1755; (3) Solomon, Jr., born about 1757; (4) Mary, born about 1759; (5) Hannah, born about 1761; (6) Susannah, born about 1763, married Charles Johnson in Wilkes Co., N.C., in 1784; (7) Joseph, born about 1764; and (8) Abel, born 1767. There may have been other children of Solomon and Sarah Sparks who were living far removed from this area in 1801, or others may have been deceased. It is known that the eight named in the power of attorney were all living in Surry (now Yadkin) and Wilkes Counties. N.C., at that time Of course, since then, branches of the family have scattered from coast to coast.

John Sparks, son of Solomon and Sarah, lived in Curry County, North Carolina, from the time he removed there with his father about l77l, untfl 1786. By 1782 John Sparks had purchased 200 acres of land in Surry, on Brushy Mountain, and was taxed with 200 acres and 1 poll, 2 horses (or mules) and 6 cattle, In 1784 he was taxed with 200 acres and 1 poll; same for 1785 and 1786, He does not appear on the Surry


County tax lists for 1787, 1788 or 1789, and he is given on the 1790 census of Wilkes County, rather than Surry. There is no record in Surry of John Sparks purchasing or selling his 200 acres. (In those unsettled times, many, many deeds failed to get taken to the county seat for recording.) On 17 May 1780, John Sparks entered 200 acres of land in Wilkes County, which was issued to him 22 Sept. 1785. (Land Grant Office, Raleigh, N.C., Book 59, page 253.) The 1790 census of Wilkes Co. lists John Sparks with a total of eight persons in his family, apparently himself, his wife, four sons aged under 16, and 2 daughters. (The other John Sparks on the 1790 census of Wilkes Co. is thought to be the John Sparks who married in Wilkes in 1781 Mary Parmely; however, it is possible that John, son of Solomon, was listed twice, which happened occasionally. There was no John Sparks given on the 1790 census of Curry County.)

John Sparks had married in Surry County about 1777 Sarah Shores a daughter of Reuben and Susannah Shores of Surry (now Yadkin) County. Reuben Shores owned large tracts of land where Jonesville, N.C., now stands. Sarah is named as Sarah Sparks in the will of her mother, Susannah Shores, probated in 1806 in Surry County, N.C. (Susannah Shores willed her “household and kitchen furniture” to her youngest daughter, “Nancy Rousau”. The other children listed in her will, to whom she left “one shilling Sterling each,” were named as follows: “William Shores, John Shores, Elizabeth Westmoreland, Sarah Sparks, Reuben Shores, Simeon Shores, Rebecca Mosley, David Shores, Rhoda Philips, Abiram Shores and Levi Shores.”)

Soon after removing to Wilkes County, John Sparks became active in the civil affairs of Trap Hill, the community where he had settled, about twenty miles north-east of Wilkesboro. He became a justice of the peace and performed marriages, listed taxes, and so on. On the 1800 tax list of Wilkes County, he is listed as John Sparks, Esquire, with 260 acres and 1 poll. (The title of Esquire was bestowed only on those of some standing in the community.) John Sparks was an active member of the Old Roaring River Baptist Church in Wilkes County, having joined on January 12, 1789 “by experience and baptism.” According to the Church records, on April 10, 1790, “the church set apart Brother John Sparks to walk before the church until next meeting as deacon,” and on August 12, 1790, he “set forward to do work of deacon.” In 1790 and 1791, he was “delegate to association,” and on June 11, 1791, his wife, “Sister Sarah Sparks,” was baptised. Like most other church members of the time, John Sparks was occasionally called to account for failing to live up to the strict Baptist rules. For instance, in August, 1791, he was found guilty of “gameing” but was pardoned. In 1794 he was accused of drunkenness, a charge which John Sparks denied and later “gave church satisfaction.”

John Sparks was listed on the 1840 census of Wilkes County as a Revolutionary War pensioner, and at that time he was living in the home of his son, Reuben Sparks. According to census records, John’s wife, Sarah (Shores) Sparks, died sometime between 1830 and 1840. The date of death for John Sparks is not given on the Agency Books in Washington, D.C., but the last payment of his pension was made 3rd Quarter (Sept.) 1840, so it is apparent that he died sometime between then and March 1841, when the next payment fell due. His age at the time of his death was either 87 or 88. After his death, his heirs did not claim his pension, which amounted to $29 per year. His pension application in the National Archives is the one and only application from a John Sparks who served in the Revolution from North Carolina.

John Sparks, son of Solomon, is sometimes confused with another John Sparks who served in the Revolutionary War from South Carolina. This second John was born in 1755 (supposedly in North Carolina), and died in 1834 in Washington County, Georgia. There is no record in the National Archives of his ever having applied for a pension, yet a number of his descendants have joined the D.A.R. through the pension application of John Sparks of Wilkes County, N.C. (An article on the genealogy of


this John Sparks of South Carolina and Georgia is planned for a future issue of the QUARTERLY. (Note: see the issue for September 1964, Vol. XII, No. 3, Whole No. 147, pp. 835-39.)

Like his father, John Sparks of Wilkes County left no will, and his family Bible cannot be located. All of his children and grandchildren are gone, and there are but two or three of his great-grandchildren living. His grave, near Trap Hill, North Carolina, is marked with a Revolutionary Soldier marker, but it does not give his date of death nor any other data that we do not already have. We have endeavored to compile a list of the children of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, from living descendants, census, court, church, and other extant records. We are fairly certain of eight children, but there may have been a total of ten or twelve.

The following record has been worked out by our President, Paul E. Sparks, great-great-great- grandson of John Sparks:

John Sparks, son of Solomon and Sarah (-----) Sparks born 25 Feb. 1753, in Rowan County, North Carolina died 1840-41, in Wilkes County, North Carolina married about 1777, in Surry County, North Carolina, to Sarah Shores, daughter of Reuben and Susannah (-----) Shores born about 1757 (?) place not known died between 1830 and 1840 in Wilkes County, North Carolina

1. Levi Sparks, born 2 October 1778, Surry Co., N.C.
2. Mary Sparks, born about 1780, Surry Co., N.C.
3. ? William Sparks, born about 1782, Surry Co., N.C.
4. Joel Sparks, born about 17814, Surry Co., N.C.
5. ? Robert Sparks, born about 1786, Surry Co., N.C.
6. ? Jonathan Sparks, born about 1788, Wilkes Co., N.C.
7. ? Solomon Sparks, born about 1790, Wilkes Co., N.C.
8. Sarah Sparks, born about 1792, Wilkes Co., N.C.
9. John Sparks, Jr., born about 1794, Wilkes Co., N.C.
10. George Sparks, born 9 Nov. 1796, Wilkes Co., N.C.
11. Reuben Sparks, born 26 Sept. 1799, Wilkes Co., N.C.
12. Colby Sparks, born about 1801, Wilkes Co., N.C.
[Scanner's note:  The Jonathan Sparks named above was not a child of  John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks.  See the March 2000 issue of the SPARKS QUARTERLY, Whole No. 189, at page 5311 for a full explaination.]

1. Levi Sparks, son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born 2 October 1778, Surry Co., N.C.; died 21 October 1851, Lawrence Co., Ky. He was married twice, first, about 1801, to ----- Walsh, and second, about 1805, to Sarah Lyon, born about 1781 in N.C. He served as deputy sheriff in Wilkes Co., N.C.; removed to Kentucky about 1821 with Jesse Lyon, John Holbrook and four other Lyon brothers (including Redheaded Bill) and two of his own brothers, George and Colby Sparks. Colby and three Lyon brothers returned to North Carolina. Levi Sparks taught school in Kentucky.
Children: (by first wife, Walsh)

(a) Garrett Sparks, (spelled Jarett on his marriage bond) born 15 Sept.1802; married, 1825, Elizabeth Boggs.
(b) Sidney Sparks (daughter), born about 18014; died young, in North Car.
Children: (by second wife, Sarah Lyon)
(c) Calvin Sparks, born 9 Nov. 1806; married 1828, Sarah Lyon.
(d) Wiley Sparks, born 3 March 1808; married 1832, Sintha Holbrook.
(e) Sinay Sparks, born about 1812; married 1833, Ira Ison.
(f)  Sarah Sparks, born about 18114; married 1835, Tillman Craft.
(g) Nelson Sparks, born about 1818; married 18143, Margaret Mauk.
(h) John L. Sparks, born about 1820; married Mary Hays.

2. Mary Sparks, daughter of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1780, Surry Co., N.C.; lived in Wilkes Co., N.C., near Trap Hill; married about 1800 Robt. Bauguess, son of Richard, born 12 June 1776, in Va.; died about 1872 in Wilkes Co.
Children: (all born in Wilkes Co., N.C.).

(a) Nancy Bauguess, born 23 March 1802; married Thomas Bryan.
(b) Robert Bauguess, Jr., married Nancy Sparks.
(c) Solomon Bauguess.
(d) Samuel Bauguess, married Yates.
(e) Mary (“Polly”) Bauguess, born 25 February J
(f) Jane (“Jennie”) Bauguess, born 14 Nov. 1810; married John Holbrook.
(g) Lewis Bauguess; married Holloway.
(h) Richard Bauguess; married Hurst.
(i) Sarah (“Sally”) Bauguess; married Rousseau.
(j) Lydia Bauguess.
(k) David Bauguess; married Hall.
(l) John K, Bauguess; married ----- Forrester.
(m) Fannie Bauguess

3. ? William Sparks, possibly a son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, may have been born about 1782, Surry Co., N.C. There is a tradition in the family that there was a son by this name, but if so, it has not been possible to identify him among the many persons of that name. He removed from Wilkes Co., N.C.

4. Joel Sparks, son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1784, Surry Co., N.C.; died about 1850 in Wilkes Co.; married 27 July 1814 (date of Wilkes Co. marriage bond) to Nancy Blackburn, born about 1791, N.C. She survived her husband.

(a) Richmond Sparks, born about 1815; married about 1835 Sarah    Privett.
(b) (daughter), born ; married 1830-40 .
(c) Melinda Sparks, born about 1818; married 1838, Meredith Lyon.
(d) Nancy Sparks, born about 1820; married Meredith Lyon.
(e) Robert Sparks, born about 18214; married Susan A.
(f) Joel Sparks, born about 1826; married 18146, Charlotte Durham.
(g) Mittie Sparks, born about 1828; married 18146, James Durham.
(h) Hugh Sparks, born about 1833; unmarried in 1860.
5. ? Robert Sparks, probably son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1786 in Curry Co, N.C.; married Margaret Pigg. This couple did not remain in Wilkes Co., N.C., but it is not known where they settled. The children lived in Kentucky.
Children: (not all of these have been proven to be children of Robert & Margaret)
(a) Wesley Sparks, born about 1805; married 1835, Nancy Kozee.
(b) Nancy Sparks, born about 1810; married 1829, Martin Ison.
(c) William Sparks, born about 1812; married about 1834, Mary Lyon.
(d) ? Joel Sparks, born ------; married Mary Grow.
(e) Isaac Sparks.
(f) Reuben Sparks
(g) Solomon Sparks.
6. ? Jonathan Sparks, probably a son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1768 in Wilkes Co., N.C. He is probably the Jonathan Sparks on the 1820 census of Wilkes Co., N.C.; he left Wilkes Co. before 1830.


7. ? Solomon Sparks, probably son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1790 in Wilkes Co., N.C.; he is thought to be the Solomon Sparks who married Isabella Swaim and removed to Wells Co., Indiana, and raised a large family of children. [NOTE: It was later determined that the Solomon who married Isabella Swaim was the son of Solomon, John Sparks's brother. See the December, 1970 issue, Whole No. 72, p. 1360. This Solomon, son of John and Sarah Shores Sparks, married Charity -----. See the June 1959 issue, Whole No. 26, pp. 382-400.]

(a) 7 Aaron Sparks.
(i) ? Solomon Sparks.
(j) Isaac B. Sparks; m. 1851, Cynthia A. Roberts.
(k) John Sparks.
(m) Jackson Sparks.
8. Sarah Sparks, daughter of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1792 in Wilkes Co., N.C.; she married 18 March 1820 (date of Wilkes Co. marriage bond) William Alexander, born about 1798 in N.C. The 1850 census of Wilkes Co., N.C., shows Hulda Alexander, aged 9, and Nancy Alexander, aged 7. These were probably either children or grandchildren. It is believed that this couple raised several children and have many descendants in Wilkes County, North Carolina.

9. John Sparks, Jr., son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1794, in Wilkes Co., N.C.; he married about 1816 Mary Fields, daughter of Isaiah and Nancy (Burcham) Fields, born about 1795 in N.C. This couple resided in Wilkes Co., N.C.

(a) Sarah Sparks, born 8 Oct. 1817; married William Holbrook in 1844.
(b) Tennessee Sparks, born 6 Nov. 1818; married Joseph Spicer in 1849.
(c) Nancy Sparks, born about 1820; unmarried in 1860.
(d) Mary Sparks, born about 1822; unmarried in 1860.
(e) Phoebe Sparks, born about 1825; married George W. Spicer in 1864.
(f) James Sparks, born 2 Aug. 1827; married Charlotte Dickinson in 1850.
(g) Colby Sparks, born about 1830; married Mary (“Polly”) Burchette.
(h) Reubin Sparks, born about 1839; married Elizabeth J. Billings in 1862.
10. George Sparks, son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born 9 November 1796, in Wilkes Co., N.C.; died 11 May 1879 in Elliott Co., Ky.; married, first, about 1815, in Wilkes Co., N.C., Mainer; he married second, 7 Aug. 1822 (date of Lawrence Co.Ky., marriage bond) Nancy Short, daughter of Aaron Short, born 7 April 1800, died 11 Jan. 1879. This couple resided in Lawrence Co., Ky., and were great-great-grandparents of Paul E. Sparks, President of The Sparks Family Association.
Children: (by first wife)
(a) Lucinda Sparks, born about 1816; married James Hanks in 1838. Children: (by second wife)
(b) John W. Sparks, born 5 Nov. 1823; married Almeda Green.
(c) Nancy Sparks, born about 1825; married John Hutchinson.
(d) Cyntha Sparks, born 16 July 1827; died unmarried.
(e) Hugh S. Sparks, born 21 May 1829; married Nancy Carnutte.
(f) Levi H. Sparks, born 31 May 1834; married Nancy Lawson.
(g) Emma Sparks, born 16 June 1839; married John Harper.
(h) Colby Sparks, born about 1842; died young.
(i) Mary (“Polly”) Sparks, born about 1844; married John Lawson.

11. Reuben Sparks, son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born 26 Sept0 1799.
in Wilkes Co,, N.C.; he died 9 March l878,in Wilkes Co., N.C.; he married 10 Oct. 1828, in Wilkes Co., Phoebe Blackburn, born 14 Oct. 1807, in Wilkes Co., died 26 Nov. 1892, in Wilkes Co. Reuben and Phoebe Sparks lived at Trap Hill in Wilkes Co. and were honest, hard-working, God-fearing people. We are very much indebted to Mrs. Annie (Sparks) Wilson of Trap Hill, and her brother, Blame Sparks, for furnishing us with pictures of Reuben and Phoebe (their grandparents), and for being of invaluable assistance to us in the compiling of this record of the descendants of John Sparks, Revolutionary War soldier.

Children of Reuben and Phoebe (Blackburn) Sparks:

(a) George Washington Sparks, born 11 Oct. 1829; married 1855, ElizabethE. Johnson.
(b) Lewis William Sparks, born 23 May 1831; married Martha Spicer.
(c) Sarah Sparks, born 29 Nov. 1837; died 1862; unmarried.
(d) John Sparks, born 6 Aug. 1841; unmarried.
(e) William C. Sparks, born 25 May 1843; married Phoebe McCann.
George Washington Sparks and his brother, John Sparks (sons of Reuben and Phoebe Sparks), were killed in service in 1863 in the Army of the Confederate States of America. Their brother, William C. Sparks, fought with the Union Army, serving with Company H, 10th Regiment of Cavalry, Tennessee Volunteers. His honorable discharge, dated 1 Aug. 1865, gives his description as follows: “Said William Sparks was born in Wilkes County in the State of North Carolina, is twenty years of age, Six feet -- inches high, fair complexion, blue eyes, Black hair, by occupation, when enrolled, a Farmer.” The following is taken from a newspaper clipping, dated 1863, from The National Tribune, printed in Washington, D.C. Some of the account is said to have been left out, but here is what remains and, although incomplete, it gives an interesting account of how William C. Sparks escaped and avoided capture during the War:

“William Sparks also belonged to the company of stampeders, but being sick, he was in the house when the excitement occurred in the yard, and he asked Mrs. Bell to conceal him, She immediately raised a plank from the kitchen floor, and he crept under the kitchen, where he remained until the rebels had finished their bloody work and returned to burn the house, which they first commenced by piling up clothes in the center of the floor, and setting them on fire, just over the cellar where the sick man had been concealed. The clothes not burning fast enough, they procured a straw-bed, and, placing it on the floor, they put a chunk of fire into it: the smoke began to ascend in clouds, when they were compelled to go out into the front yard to obtain fresh air, There were two doors to the kitchen, and the wind passing through closed the door next to the rebels, which gave Sparks an opportunity to make his escape from the house. He crept out of the cellar through the smoke, and went through the back yard about ten steps from the house and concealed himself under some dry weeds and vines in the garden where he remained until the buildings were consumed, suffering intensely from the terrible heat of the fire.

“The rebels now went up the valley among their murdered victims for the purpose of stripping them of their clothing. Miss Elizabeth Morrison, who lived in the neighborhood, and was at Bell's house during the whole time of the dreadful excitement, procured a lady’s dress, took it to the garden where Sparks was concealed, and told him to put it on, and thereby most admirably disguised his sex. She then told him to walk along slowly across the fields and go to her father’s house, telling him when he got to the house her father would conduct him to a place of safety. She said all of her family would at once know her bonnet, and that would furnish them sufficient evidence that he was not a traitor.


Sparks went on as the kind lady directed him, and was concealed and saved; hut he had been so terribly frightened that he did not recover his proper faculties of mind for several days. The horrid scenes he witnessed on that dreadful day surely can never be erased from his memory until death shall have closed his earthly existence.

12. Colby Sparks, son of John and Sarah (Shores) Sparks, was born about 1801, in Wilkes Co., N.C.; died about 1869 in Wilkes County; he went to Kentucky in the 1820’s but returned to North Carolina; he was married in Wilkes County in 1622 (marriage bond dated Dec. 28, 1822) to Sarah Pruitt, daughter of John Pruitt; she was born about 18014 in North Carolina. Colby Sparks was a Baptist preacher of local reputation.

Children of Colby and Sarah (Pruitt) Sparks:

(a) Mahala (“Hulda”) Sparks, born about 18214; married Williford Privett, Jr., in 1848.
(b)Irena R. (“Rena”) Sparks, born about 1826; married James H. Billings in 1860.
(c) Christena Sparks; born about 1828; unmarried in 1870.
(d) Sarah (“Sallie”) Sparks, born about 1830; married John Durham in l851.
(e) Nancy Sparks, born about 1833; unmarried in 1870.
(f) Leah Sparks, born about 1836; married ----- Crawford.
(g) Ruth Sparks, born about 1839; unmarried in 1870.
(h) Julia Sparks, born about 1842; unmarried in 1870.
(i) Naomi Sparks, born about 1846; married ----- Stamper.
There was a son who died young.

The above record of John Sparks, his ancestry and descendants, is very incomplete, but it is hoped that the publishing of this material will bring in additions and correotions from our readers, Please address your letters to the author of this sketch, Mr. William Perry Johnson, Box 1770, Raleigh, North Carolina (27602).

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A New Frontier in Education,

by Bertram Holland Flanders

Reviewed by Russell E. Bidlack

A book published recently by the Atlanta Division of the University of Georgia which wilt interest our members is A New Frontier in Education by Bertram Holland Flanders The author, while tracing the history of the Atlanta Division of the University of Georgia. presents an interesting biography of Dr. George McIntosh Sparks, who has been described by M. D, Collins, State Superintendent of Schools for Georgia, as “the greatest educator of this age”

George McIntosh Sparks was born in Quitman, Brooks County, Georgia, on 19 November, 1889, the second son of Andrew Jackson and Julia Catherine (McIntosh) Sparks. In 1893, Andrew Sparks moved his family to Macon, Georgia, where he operated the hotel Arcadia.. Mr. Flanders tells an amusing anecdote connected with this event: ‘Little George bad been worried about tne removal to Macon. His childish mind was disturbed, not only by the strangeness of his new surroundings, but by a fear that God might have beer left behind in Quitman. His fears, however, disappeared after he began attending Sunday School in Macon, "It's going to be all right living in Macon," he is said to have told his mother. 'They have the sane Jesus here that we had in Quitman."

Dr. Sparks was graduated from Mercer University in Macon on 3 June 1909, but before he could begin his life 's work he was stricken with typhoid fever and pneumonia, His recovery extended over many months, during the latter part of whioh he was


benefitted by physical exercises at the Macon Y.M.C.A. Upon recovery, he became physical director of the Macon branch of the Y.M.C.A. As part of his duties he contributed articles to the Macon Telegraph an activity which opened another field of interest for George Sparks - - that of journalism. Later he became sports editor of the Telegraph, and during a border dispute between the United States and Mexico in 1916, Sparks received national recognition as a “war correspondent.”

There followed a Washington assignment and, at the close of the First World War, he became city editor of the Telegraph, a positaon which he retained for five years. In 1922 he married Mary Booth. In 1923 Sparks became assistant to the President of Mercer university where he also taught classes in journalism. The following year he accepted a teaching position in the Commerce Department at Georgia Tech and there became interested in the possibilities which night-school offered to adults in furthering their education. Within a short tine, Sparks took over the management of the night classes then being offered by Georgia Tech. “Thus began," to quote Mr. Flanders, “his experiment in evening-school operation, which has become a new frontier in education and has attracted the attention of educators all over tne country.”

George McIntosh Sparks is given primary credit for building this Evening-School into the major center of adult education in the South. In recognition of its importance, the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia in 1933 made Sparks’s school an independent unit in the University System. Mr. Flanders traces in detail the interesting history of this school which, following the last war, had a total enrollment of nearly 7,000 students. Throughout the history, Dr. Sparks, on whom was conferred the LL.D. degree by Mercer University in 1933, is the leading figure. Governor Herman Talmadge declared in 1953 that Director Sparks “is doing the most outstanding job in the state in education.”

It is a pleasure to report that Mr. Flanders has given careful attention to the ancestry of Dr. Sparks, and that he refers to THE SPARKS QUARTERLY in his notes. Dr. Sparks’s great-grandfather, John Sparks (l755-l834), was a soldier of the Revolutionary War from South Carolina. John Sparks married Margaret Hampton on January 13, 1779, and was buying and selling landin Newberry County, South Carolina, from 1778 to 1795. He moved wath his family to Washington County, Georgia, about 1795. This John Sparks of South Carolina and Georcia has been confused by some descendants with the John Sparks of Wilkes County, North Carolina, whose pension application and genealogy is given in this issue of the QUARTERLY. An article on the QUARTERLY of John Sparks of South Carolina and Georgia as being planned for the March issue of the QUARTERLY Members having information on his family are urged to write to the Editor, Russell E. Bidlack, 1131 Granger Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan.

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It is a pleasure to report the names and addresses of twenty-seven Sparks descendants who nave joined THE SPARKS FAMILY ASSCOIATION since September, 1955:

Freeman, Mrs. Zula Beatrice (Tyson) Route 4, Cameron, Texas.
Lancaster, Mrs. Arlene Sparks 1023 S.. Palm Blvd., Burbank, California.
McGregor, Mrs. Hazel Burcham, Box 444, Sutherland, Nebraska.
Peters, Mrs.Evelyn Cole, 2001 W. 103rd Street, Chicago 43 Illinois.
Sparks, Mrs. Ben. 44 Officers Court, Lexington Park, Maryland.
Sparks, Charles L.. 1320 S. Morphy, Ft. Worth, Texas.
Sparks, Claude L., P.O. Box 228, El Paso, Texas.


Sparks, Edgar H., Jr., 107 Harrison Ave., Raleigh, North Carolina.
Sparks, Ernest E., 3404 N. Missouri Ave., Portland 12, Oregon.
Sparks, F. Hazen, 108 W. Houston, Garrett, Indiana.
Sparks, Glenn M., 1421 S. Marlborough, Dallas 8, Texas.
Sparks, H. Warren, 3990 Durango Drive, Dallas, Texas.
Sparks, Harry A., 9624 Ruth St., Allen Park, Michigan.
Sparks, Mrs. Isabelle, 2907 Linden Ave., Birmingham, Alabama.
Sparks, James D., 4407 Cowan Ave., Dallas 9, Texas.
Sparks, Karl A. Box 2002, Portland 114, Oregon.
Sparks, Leslie Steinbeck, 4801 Nolan St., Ft. Worth 5, Texas.
Sparks, Perry Hawkins, Postmaster, Box 127, Hamlin, Texas.
Sparks, Lt. Richard F., 7423 Moline St., Houston, Texas.
Sparks, Robert D., 36 N.E. 76th St., Portland 16, Oregon.
Sparks, Robert E., 503 South Logan St., West Frankfort, Illinois.
Sparks, Robert M., Route 1, Talala, Oklahoma.
Sparks, Truman William, 182 Oak St., Cedar Springs, Michigan.
Sparks, Victor E., 5134 N.E. Mallory Ave., Portland 11, Oregon.
Sparks, W, L., 1313 N. Carroll St., Dallas 4, Texas.
Sparks, Walter D., 120 Hanover Road, Mountain Lakes, New Jersey.
Wyres, Mrs. Johnnie May Sparks, Route 6, Box 498, Nacogdoches, Texas.

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Mrs. Evelyn Cole Peters (Mrs. Albert G.) of 2001 West 103rd St., Chicago 43, Ill., one of our new members, reports that she has been collecting material on New Jersey Sparks families for a number of years. Mrs. Peters submits the following query:

Who were the parents of Margaret Sparks who married by 1794 Richard Holton (Houlten), son of James and Christianna (Lindmier) Holton of Penns Neck, Salem County, New Jersey? Was she the daughter of Henry Sparks by his first wife, Elizabeth Hildebrand? The family of James Holton attended the Moravian (United Brethren) Church and here we find the baptism record of the first two children of Richard Holton and wife Margaret, nee Sparks. These children were: Samuel, b. Oct. 4, 1795 and James Henry, b. Sept. 17, 1797. Shortly thereafter, Richard Holton moved his family to Penna. (Where?) Son Richard Sparks Holton (my ancestor) was born 1805 in Penna. according to the 1850 census. By 1808 Richard Holton and Joseph Pittman were in Trumbull Co., Ohio. Richard served in the War of 1812. The Pittmans were neighbors of the Holtons and Sparkses in Salem Co., N.J., and had married into the Sparks family. Complete list of the children of Richard and Margaret (Sparks) Holton: Samuel, b. 1795; James Henry, b. 1797; John; Charles, b. 1801; Richard Sparks, b. 1805; Ann (Harmon); Thomas, b, 1813; Margaret (Robinson); William Harrison, b. 18114; and Jesse.

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Copied by William Perry Johnson

(Editor's note: For a discussion of North Carolina marriage bonds, see Mr. Johnson's article on pages 54 and 55 of the December, 1954, issue of THE SPARKS QUARTERLY. [Whole No. 8])

Henry Bryan & Elizabeth Sparks, 11 February 1786. Bondsman: Thos. Enochs.
Jonas x Sparks Mary Eakle, 5 September 1786. Bondsman: Peter Little.
Jesse Caton & Ester Sparks, 20 January 1787. Bondsman: Charles Caton.


Jonas x Sparks & Anney Katon, 15 October 1796. Bondsman: John Hill.
Christian Stipe & Esther Sparks,19 December l806. Bondsman: C(harles) F. Bagge.
Joseph Sparks & Febey Hinkle, 28 January 1811. Bondsman: Jesse Walker.
Ephram Sparks & Sarah Douthit, 10 August 1811. Bondsman: James E. Brown,
Benjamin Dulin & Elizabeth Sparks, 9 December 1815, Bondsman: David x Call.
Daniel x Fults & Jamima Sparks, 2 September 1816. Bondsman: James x Orreil.

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(Editor’s note: The data used in the following record have been taken from an article entctled "The Record of Some Residents in the Vicinity of Middle Ferry, Philadelphia;" which appeared in Vol. 9. pp. 67-68, of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania Publications.)

James Sparks, a sea-captain. came from England and settled in Philadelphia prior to 1751. He sailed chiefly to ports in Great Britain and as no doubt the "Sparks" mentioned as master of the ship James and Mary in a letter of William Strahan dated London, 21 February 1763, In l767 he was captain of the Mary and Elizabeth, a ship of large dimensions for that time-one hundred and eighty tons. He was in Philadelphia at the time Lord Howe captured that city and was selected by him to by one of the commissioners to make selection "of a watch of one hundred and twenty men to keep order in the city." He was selected a member of the committee to collect subscriptions for the support of the Almshouse and also one of the managers of a lottery for the benefit of the poor. Captain Sparks made several purchases of land in Philadelphia. the first being under date of 28 August 1765, which property he conveyed in May, l782, his then wife Ann joining in the deed, in which he is styled "gentleman." Some years later he returnen to England, and in a deed of 11 March 1790, recorded at Philadelphia, he is described as "James Sparks of Philadelphia, now dwelling in Kinsay in Worcestershire, England." By this deed, he conveyed land in Philadelphia in trust for his daughter Margaret. wife of James Newport, and, in a note to tho record of the same, is the statement of James Reynolds that, "Captain James Sparks since his return to reside in England has assumed and constantly writes his name Spark."

Captan Sparks’s religious associations were with Christ Church, of which he was a vestryman in 1774 and 1778. There several of his children were baptized) and there his three marriages are recorded. He married (first) 14 June 1751, Mary Harry; (second) 8 January 1766, Sarah Ozier, and (third) 19 November l772, Ann Pearson. He had children by each wife.


1. John Sparks, died 20 November, l754.

2. Dorothy Sparks, born circa 1756; married, 7 June 1775, Ebenezer Large, of Bristol,. Penna, and later a merchant of Philadelphia. Their naughter Sarah married Thomas Mifflin, a nephew of Major General Thomas Mifflin, and the father of the late William Mifflin who, at his decease, was the head of the MiffIin family of Philadelphia.

3. Margaret Sparks born 3 May 1757; married James Newport.

4. Rachel Ozier Sparks, born 3 JuJy 1768.

5. Mary Sparks, born 29 August, 1773.

6 James Sparks, born 4 January, 1775.

7. Jenn Sparks, born 23 June, 1777.


Once more we must report the death of a member of THE SPARKS FAMILY ASSOCIATION. Dr. Mabel (Sparks) Bacon, whose name headed the list of new members printed in the September issue of the QUARTERLY, passed away August 29, 1955, at the Christian Church Old Peoples’ Home at Beaverton, Oregon. She was born Mabel Nancy Sparks on April 14, 1869, in Irvington, Iowa, the youngest of twelve children of Edwin and Priscilla (Spurgeon) Sparks. She leaves to mourn her passing one daughter, Veta Bacon Fully (Mrs. Fred Fully) of Route 2, Box 458, Yucaipa, California, and five grandchildren. All of her eleven brothers and sisters have preceded her in death.

Dr. Bacon was the great-great-granddaughter of George Sparks, Sr., who died in Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1806.

Your Editor, with the assistance of William Perry Johnson, is gathering material for an article on the Sparks Family of Culpeper County, Virginia. We hope to include as many descendants as possible of Thomas Sparks (son of John and Mary Sparks) and his wife, Mary Towles (daughter of Stokely and Ann Towles). Thomas Sparks lived and died in that part of Culpeper County which became Madison County in 1792-3, about two and one-half miles from Slate Mills, Virginia. He was born about 1720 and married Mary Towles about 1740. Thomas and Mary (Towles) Sparks had the following children: (1) John Sparks, m, Phoebe Smith and lived in Madison County, Va.; (2) Ann Sparks, m. Jacob Aylor; (3) Humphrey Sparks, m, Milly Nalle (or Noel) ca. 1780 and was living in Scott Co., Kentucky, between 1800 and 1820; (14) Lucy Sparks, m. James Kilby; (5) Henry Sparks, b. 16 June l753, m, Lucy Clark in Madison Co., Va., in 1776, served in the Revolution and was later pensioned, moved in 1795 to Franklin Co., Kentucky, and in 1800 to Owen Co., Kentucky, where he died 14 August 1836; (6) Thomas Sparks, Jr.; (7) Mary Sparks, m, first, Russell Vawter, and second, James Smith; and (8) Frankey Sparks. Thomas Sparks mentioned all of these children, as well as his wife, in his will dated 10 December 1784, probated 19 February 1787. Anyone having data on descendants of this family is requested to write to Russell E. Bidlack, 1709 Cherokee Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48104.

With this issue we complete the third volume of THE SPARKS QUARTERLY. Furthermore, THE SPARKS FAMILY ASSOCIATION is now three years old. Had the founders of the ASSOCIATION realized how many Sparks descendants would be interested in supporting a family organization, they would probably have begun organizing several years earlier. Nearly four hundred descendants have joined the Association and, although several have passed away during the past three years and a number have failed to renew their membership, we feel confident that no other family organization can boast of a more rapidly growing and enthusiastic group. We have been very pleased with the financial support given the ASSOCIATION during 1955. The fact that many members contributed more than the active membership dues of one dollar, along with the gift of one hundred dollars by Dr. Proctor Sparks of Ashland, Kentucky, has made it possible to increase the size of the QUARTERLY. Whether we can continue to issue sixteen pages each quarter during 1956 will depend, of course, upon our receipts for next year. Our Secretary-Treasurer will mail out a financial statement late in December along with a form for members to fill out when sending their 1956 dues. We hope that you will all renew your membership promptly and that as many of you who can will become contributing members (two dollars) or sustaining members (any amount over two dollars) for 1956. We have many hundreds of pages of Sparks history waiting for publication and the rapidity with which these data can be printed and distributed is entirely dependent upon receipts.

The officers of the Association would like to take this opprtunity to wish a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to each of our members.


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